Calcium nitride, described as calcium azanidylidenecalcium in IUPAC nomenclature, is an inorganic compound v constituent facets calcium and nitrogen and also represented by the chemical formula Ca3N2 <1>. It has different isomorphous forms, out of which α-calcium nitride is generally found <2>.

Calcium Nitride Identification

CAS Number12013-82-0 <3, 4>
PubChem CID3387080 <1>
ChemSpider ID21171155 <4>
EC Number234-592-9 <3>
RTECS NumberN/A <3>

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Calcium Nitride Formula

How is Calcium Nitride Prepared

It can be synthesized as soon as calcium is heated at an elevated temperature in the existence of air, i beg your pardon is represented by the following direct reaction of the aspects <2>:

3Ca + N2 → Ca3N2

The calcium nitride developed can be quickly identified, as it reacts through moisture or water to develop calcium hydroxide and also ammonia <2>:

Ca3N2 + 6H2O → 3Ca(OH)2 + 2NH3


Calcium Nitride Ionic Bond

Properties and also Characteristics the Calcium Nitride

General Properties

Molar Mass/Molecular Weight148.248 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color and also AppearanceReddish-brown crystalline powder <2, 3>
Melting Point1,195 °C, 2,183 °F <5>
Boiling PointN/A <3>
Density2.63 g cm-3 <3>
State of matter at room temperature (solid/liquid/gas)Solid <3>
Solubility in WaterDecomposes in H2O

Atomic Properties

Crystal StructureCubic <5>


Calcium Nitride chemistry Structure


Ca3N2 can be offered for obtaining reactive nitride ion <5>.

Is it Toxic

Repeated call or overexposure come Ca3N2 has been linked to eye damage and skin burns <6>. It is a flammable solid and should be maintained away from sparks, heat, open flames, and also water, due to the fact that of possible dangerous reactions <6>.



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