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You are watching: Why do bagels have holes in them

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CategoriesNooks and also cranniesYesteryearSemantic enigmasThe human body beautifulRed tape, white liesSpeculative scienceThis sceptred isleRoot of all evilEthical conundrumsThis sporting lifeStage and also screenBirds and also the bees THE body BEAUTIFULWhy execute bagels have a feet in them? Why space they boiled before baking? although the people living in the small Jewish villages in Russia had grown offered to the constant persecutions the the Tsars, there to be one time when a particularly cruel Tsar arose. Not just did he need a tenth of every the bread lock baked, yet he demanded the the royal part should come native the middle of every loaf, so destroying it. The wise men of Chelm gained together to talk about how to conquer this damaging burden. Eventually, they come upon a excellent idea. They baked small, round lump of bread, with a hole in the middle. The feet was specifically one tenth the size of the rest of the loaf. As soon as the Tsar"s soldiers concerned collect the imperial tithe, the wise men of Chelm gift them v the holes, discussing that this was the middle section of the loaf, simply as the Tsar had instructed. The soldiers couldn"t argue through this and also went away empty-handed. Incidentally, in Israel, bagels have much larger holes, together a protest versus the high tax in the country, Brian Rose, Pinner, Middlesex. THE explanations that why a bagel is dipped in cook water and why it has a feet in the center are interconnected. First, the cook water has actually a tiny sugar included to it, which serves to glaze the dough, and also give it a satisfying surface texture as soon as baked. The heat of the water increases the balloon in the dough, making that light and also airy. The effect is minimal to locations near the surface, i m sorry is the reason for the bagel"s toroidal shape. It is to maximise the surface area in relationship to volume. A roll or "bap" treated in this fashion would have actually a leaden centre. Fred Cairns, Woburn Green, Bucks. FRED CAIRNS is failure in his explanation that why bagels room boiled before baking. Follow to Harold McGee"s top top Food and also Cooking, moistening dough reasons surface strength to gelatinise; once baked, the gelatinised strength turns into a brown, glossy crust. Some breads room sprayed through water (or brushed with beaten egg) to create the very same effect. Presumably, bagels space boiled so that an ext of the starch will certainly gelatinise, thus creating a more thickness crust. The small amount of street or malt included to the water may aid formation of the crust, yet it is not solely or even principally responsible for it. Richard Ehrlich, London NW5. BAGELS (and as soon as my project For real Yiddish gets going the spelling will certainly revert to the non-American "beigel") are not, as they space usually described, Jewish doughnuts however rather mis-shaped Jewish croissants. And also not so Jewish in ~ that. Castle were initially cooked in Vienna to celebrate the relief that the Turkish siege of that city in 1529. The symbol of the Muslim Turks was a crescent, and also the beigel was cooked in that shape. Indeed, in any type of well-crafted beigel you have the right to see wherein the 2 crescent ends have actually been joined together. John Diamond, London EC1. John DIAMOND"S explanation is half-baked. Bagels were without doubt baked to celebrate the relief of Vienna indigenous the Turks - however in 1683, not 1529. The command of the liberating troops who conserved Christian Europe indigenous the Infidel to be Jan Sobieski, the polish king and also military genius. Locals were so grateful that lock rushed front to kiss his stirrup ("Büaut;gel" in German) together he passed on horseback. Jewish bakers ready a one-of-a-kind stirrup-shaped bread to mark the occasion; the name has actually degenerated indigenous "Büaut;gel" come "Bagel". Peter Varey, Ullesthorpe, Leics. Provided that the German for "stirrup" is Steigbügel, i cannot for the life the me watch why every all those Poles rushed front to kiss something v the unlikely surname "Büaut;gel" as Peter Varey avers. Or is this yet another example that the Guardian computer"s i can not qualify to manage diacriticals? I would be interested to see how this submission appears, assuming that gets released at every (to which ns say wearily, indigenous bitter suffer of the N&Q choice process: "some hopes!") Pete Wigens, Stroud, Gloucestshire, England having actually grown up in Brooklyn, new York, I can attest come the intelligence, wit and also ingenuity the the Jewish people. The seems totally likely the the first answer is correct. In any type of case - that"s the one that I believe - completely in keeping with the soul of Judaism I have actually known! Keryn Taylor-Rhys, Brooklyn brand-new York contrary to some beliefs, the bagel to be not created in the shape of a stirrup to commemorate the win of Poland"s King jan III Sobieski end the footrest Turks in the fight of Vienna in 1683. It to be actually created much previously in Kraków, Poland, as a challenger to the obwarzanek, a skinny bread the wheat flour designed because that Lent. Leo Rosten created in "The Joys the Yiddish" about the very first known cite of words bajgiel in the "Community Regulations" the the city of Kraków in 1610, which stated that the items was given as a gift to ladies in childbirth. Perform some bloody research, various other answers. You serious all believe those dumb stories? so ignorant. Cole Warner, mountain Diego, USA include your answer