A full changes, alters, limits, or adds more information around something else in the sentence. Ideally, a modifier come right prior to or ideal after the word it modifies. When that other word is missing, the modifier becomes a dangling modifier, do the sentence unclear. Keep reading for dangling full civicpride-kusatsu.net, explanations because that why lock happen, and how to deal with them in your writing.
You are watching: Which of the following sentences has a dangling modifier
Participial Phrases together Dangling Modifiers
Many dangling modifiers show up at the beginning of a sentence. It"s simple to lose track of the word they"re editing and enhancing in these cases, particularly when the sentence starts with a participial phrase. Take it a look at numerous civicpride-kusatsu.net the participial phrases that have end up being dangling modification in their sentences. The modifiers space bolded, if the words lock modify room underlined.
Example #1: The Gift
When a existing participial phrase isn"t complied with by the noun it"s modifying, the result sentence simply doesn"t make sense. Unlike a misplaced modifier, the subject isn"t in the wrong location — it"s simply gone.Dangling modifier - Hoping to garner favor, my parents were unimpressed v the gift.Correction - Hoping come garner favor, my brand-new boyfriend brought my parents a gift, but they to be unimpressed.
The very first sentence consists of a dangling modifier because it is unclear that or what was hoping come garner favor. It"s absolutely not the parents, since they to be unimpressed! when you add a appropriate subject such as "my new boyfriend," it"s clear who was hoping to garner favor.
Example #2: The forgive Note
You"ll likewise find previous participial paragraph without your subjects. You have actually a few options because that correcting these modifiers, every one of which involve part rewriting.Dangling modifier - Tired of my lateness, the keep in mind was written and handed in.Correction - Tired of mine lateness, mine teacher request to watch an excuse note.
The expression "tired of my lateness" modifies the teacher, who is absent from the initial sentence. You can fix this dangling full by do the teacher the subject of the sentence.
Example #3: wait for the Elevator
In some situations, a dangling modifier deserve to render a whole sentence meaningless.Dangling modifier - Stuck standing in line, the elevator slowed anyone down.Correction - Stuck stand in line because that the elevator, we were getting impatient.
Elevators can"t was standing in line. Logically, it"s "people" who space stuck was standing in line, but with the method this sentence is structured, grammatically the phrase have to refer come "the elevator," do the sentence nonsensical. Transforming the straight object "people" come the topic "we" and including a prepositional expression ("for the elevator") removes up any type of misunderstanding.
Example #4: The Championship
A dangling full isn"t always a totality phrase. Just one word deserve to be a dangling full if the is unclear which component of the sentence it modifies.Dangling comprehensive - Unbeaten, the continuous season championship to be over.Correction - Unbeaten, the Wildcats claimed the continual season championship.
The previous participle "unbeaten" is left dangling here, apparently editing the noun "the continuous season championship." since championships can"t it is in unbeaten, the full is dangling. Reordering the sentence clarifies who is unbeaten (the Wildcats).
Prepositional Phrases as Dangling Modifiers
Starting sentences with prepositional phrases is likewise an effective means to vary your sentence style. They deserve to modify nouns, or castle can role as adverb paragraph to change a verb. However, they have to come right prior to the indigenous they change to avoid coming to be dangling modifiers.
Example #5: An interesting Movie
Prepositional paragraph provide more information around a noun in the sentence. The trick is come make sure the noun it"s modifying is obvious.Dangling full - After reading the an excellent new book, the movie based on it is certain to be exciting.Correction - After analysis the an excellent new book, Anna thought the movie based upon it was certain to it is in exciting.
We room left wondering exactly who review the great new book. The phrase can"t possibly be editing and enhancing the movie, because the movie can"t read. Adding a topic (Anna) permits the leader to know who has read the book.
Example #6: The closed Door
Dangling prepositional phrases have the right to make inanimate objects seem prefer they"re alive.Dangling full - With one critical look at the room, the door closed.Correction - With one critical look at the room, my dad close up door the door.
The door didn"t take one critical look at the room, however who did? including "my dad" (or one more subject) come the sentence renders it clear who is in reality performing the action in the sentence.
Example #7: resolving the Engine
Sometimes you"ll uncover a dangling modifier in ~ the finish of the sentence.Dangling full - The car"s engine ultimately worked by solving the transmission.Correction - By solving the transmission, my sister ultimately got the car"s engine to work.
The car"s engine didn"t settle its own transmission. Adding "my sister" together a topic is a good way to exactly this dangling modifier. Since prepositional phrases must be closer come the topic they modify, moving "by addressing the transmission" to the front of the sentence likewise helps you avoid fixing a misplaced modifier.
Adjective Phrases as Dangling Modifiers
Adjectives room the most common species of modifiers. For example, "The big" doesn"t make sense without telling what is big, which leaves "big" as a dangling modifier. However, "the huge dog" is a finish phrase. Adjectives and also adjective paragraph can come to be dangling modifiers when they don"t have anything to modify.
Example #8: The Amusement Park
Starting your sentence with an adjective is an reliable stylistic choice. Yet if the noun that modifies is missing, you"ve obtained a dangling modifier.Dangling comprehensive - Heartbroken, the amusement park had to close for repairs.Correction - Heartbroken, the youngsters learned that the amusement park had to close for repairs.
Unless your story is around an amusement park the is self-aware, you need a topic to it is in "heartbroken." adding "the children" into the sentence clarifies what you"re trying come say.
Example #9: The Talented Architect
Adjectives room a great way to give compliments come someone. Yet be certain that that human comes best after your adjective, or you might accidentally offer that compliment to yourself!Dangling comprehensive - Wonderfully talented, us were impression by the plans.Correction - Wonderfully talented, the architect impression us with his plans.
Who precisely is "wonderfully talented" here? adding the topic "the architect" to her sentence help the reader understand specifically who you"re talk about.
Example #10: A new House
Check out one more example of one adjective expression that"s lacking a subject. It conveys a much different message 보다 the writer intends.Dangling full - Small but expensive, Jana to be reluctant come buy.Correction - Small however expensive, the home wasn"t right for Jana.
See more: Rocio Durcal Daughter Death In Acapulco, What Is The Meaning Of Amor Eterno
Surely Jana isn"t the "small however expensive" noun in this sentence! adding "the house" together the subject to the sentence keeps this adjective expression from being a dangling modifier.
Dangling through a Thread
Since a modifier needs to provide an ext information around something, through definition, the point it is editing has come exist. It appears pretty obvious and intuitive as soon as written in a straightforward sentence. However, sentences aren"t always simple. Take a look at different sentence range civicpride-kusatsu.net you can use the may result in dangling modifiers. Girlfriend can additionally check the end the 18 most usual grammar mistake that might be affecting her writing.