What is Iron(III) oxide?

Fe2O3 is an not natural compound v a chemical name Iron(III) oxide. The is likewise known as Hematite or Red steel oxide. This link occurs normally in rocks of every ages. It appears as a Red-brown solid. It is odorless. It has a pH value of 7.

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Production the Iron(III) oxide:

Iron(III) oxide is a product obtained from the oxidation that iron. In laboratories, that is ready by electrolyzing salt bicarbonate solution, one inert electrolyte, together with an stole anode.

(4Fe+3O_2+2H_2O)→( 4FeO ( O H))

The deriving sign language iron(III) oxide, i m sorry is written below as Fe(O)OH, dehydrates at roughly 200 °C. The reaction is as follows:

(2FeO ( O H))→( Fe_2O_3+H_2O)

Properties that Iron(III) oxide – Fe2O3

Fe2O3Iron(III) oxide
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass159.69 g/mol
Density5.242 g/cm³
Boiling PointDecomposes
Melting Point1475°C – 1565°C

Iron(III) oxide structure – Fe2O3


The over image explains the structure of the Iron(III) oxide. Fe2O3 is the chemistry formula that Iron(III) oxide which has three oxygen atoms, 2 iron atoms. The oxidation state the Fe2O3 is +3. The shortcut formation in between oxygen and also iron counts on the distinction in electronegativity between these 2 atoms. Iron(Fe) is steel whereas oxygen(O2) is non-metal. Therefore, together bonds are referred to as an Ionic bond.


2 iron atoms3 oxygen atoms

Chemical reaction:

Carbothermal palliation – reduction of steel oxides with a reducing certified dealer such as carbon at a temperature range of several hundred degrees Celsius. The reaction is as follows:(Fe_2O_3+3CO ightarrow 2Fe+3CO_2)Exothermic thermite reaction v aluminum –

The reaction is together follows:

(2Al+Fe_2O_3 ightarrow 2Fe+Al_2O_3)

Uses the Iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3)

Iron(III) oxide is offered as a feedstock in the production of iron.It is offered as a pigment. Example: colors Brown 6 and also Pigment Red 101It is offered in cosmetics.It is offered in dental composites.It is an essential ingredient in calamine lotion.It is used to apply the final polish on metallic jewelry.It is used in the magnetic disk and magnetic tapes.

Iron(III) oxide health and wellness hazards – If inhaled, iron causes irritation in the cradle tract and lungs.

Frequently asked Questions

What space the provides of ferric oxide?

Ferric oxide (Fe2O3) is offered in paints and also coatings, inks, plastics, rubber products and also glass as a pigment and/or UV blocking agent. It is likewise used as a sprucing up agent for glass, diamonds and precious metals. This compound additionally finds usage as a component in magnets, as a dentist abrasive, and also as a process regulator or catalyst in the manufacture of various other products.

How is Fe2O3 formed?

Iron (III) oxide, or ferric oxide, is the product the is created when iron undergoes oxidation. This can be ready in the laboratory by electrolyzing a sodium bicarbonate solution, an inert electrolyte, with an iron anode. The resulting hydrated iron(III) oxide, is dehydrated at roughly 200 °C.

Is ferric oxide acidic or basic?

Ferric oxide, additionally known together iron(III) oxide, is an amphoteric oxide that iron through the chemistry formula Fe2O3. It can be provided that oxides the iron, aluminium, and also tin, are all amphoteric chemical types – they exhibition both acidic and an easy qualities.

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Learn much more about the chemical properties and importance of Fe2O3 from the expert faculties in ~ BYJU’S.