What is Barium Hydroxide?

Barium hydroxide is additionally called together baryta v the formula Ba(OH)2. That is a clean white powder with no odour. The is poisonous in nature. It is ionic in nature because that example, Ba(OH)2 (barium hydroxide) in aqueous solution can carry out two hydroxide ions per molecule. Barium hydroxide is the just reagent explained for metalizing carboxamidesBarium hydroxide was less degradative as contrasted to barium oxide.

You are watching: What is the formula for barium hydroxide?

Other surname – caustic baryta, Barium dihydroxide, barium(2+) dihydroxide

Ba(OH)2Barium Hydroxide
Density3.74 g/cm³
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass171.34 g/mol
Boiling Point780 °C
Melting Point78 °C
Chemical FormulaBaH2O2

Barium hydroxide framework – Ba(OH)2


Physical properties of Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2

AppearanceWhite solid
Covalently-Bonded Unit3
Vapour Pressure0.48 kPa at 17.6 deg C
SolubilitySlightly dissolve in cold water

Uses of Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2

Barium hydroxide creates a strong caustic basic in aqueous solution. That has many uses, e.g., together a test because that sulphides; in pesticides; in the manufacture of alkali and glass.Use that barium hydroxide lime quite than soda lime, high sevoflurane concentration, high absorbent temperature, and also fresh absorbent use.Used in the produce of alkalis, glass, oil and grease additives, barium soaps, and other barium compounds.

Health Hazard

Inhalation that barium dusts can cause irritation that the nose and also upper respiratory tract and may develop a benign pneumoconiosis well-known as baritosis.Barium ions room toxic to muscles specifically heart, developing stimulation and then paralysis.It is incredibly dangerous neurotoxin. Adverse impact may an outcome like impacts on heart and the function of the main nervous system (CNS).

Frequently inquiry Questions

What room the provides of barium hydroxide?

Industrially, barium hydroxide is used as a precursor to several other barium compounds. The monohydrate that this link is widely provided to dehydrate and also extract sulfate from different products. The very low solubility that barium sulfate is utilized in this application.

How is barium hydroxide prepared?

Barium hydroxide is usually all set by dissolving barium oxide (chemical formula: BaO) in water. The chemical equation for this reaction is noted below.

BaO + 9 H2O → Ba(OH)2·8H2O

It deserve to be listed that this compound crystallizes into the octahydrate form, i m sorry is then converted into a monohydrate by heater it in air.

See more: Phosphoric Acid And Potassium Hydroxide Net Ionic Equation, The Net Ionic Equation For The Reaction…

What happens once barium hydroxide is heated?

When heated to 800° C, barium hydroxide decomposes to productivity barium oxide. Barium lead carbonate is detailed by reaction v carbon dioxide. The strongly alkaline, aqueous solution undergoes neutralization reactions v acids.