Nitrogen

facet 7 of regular table is Nitrogen with atomic number 7, atomic load 14.0067. Nitrogen, prize N, has a an easy Hexagonal structure and Colorless color. Nitrogen is a other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Nitrogen is pentels, pnictogens*. Recognize everything around Nitrogen Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Nitrogen is a chemical element with price N and atomic number 7. It is the lightest pnictogen and also at room temperature, it is a transparent, odorless diatomic gas. Nitrogen is a common element in the universe, approximated at about seventh in total abundance in the Milky way and the Solar System.

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Nitrogen Facts

Read vital information and also facts around element Nitrogen

name Nitrogen
atom Number 7
atomic Symbol N
Atomic load 14.0067
phase Gas
shade Colorless
Classification other nonmetal
group in periodic Table 15
Group Name nitrogen family
duration in routine Table 2
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2 2p3
Melting point -210.1 °C
Boiling allude -195.79 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 5>
CAS Number CAS7727-37-9

community
6
C
7
N
8
O
14
Si
15
P
16
S
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive routine table


How to locate Nitrogen on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and also ends at bottom best (atomic number 118). As such you can directly look because that atomic number 7 to discover Nitrogen on routine table.

Another method to read routine table and locate an aspect is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To locate Nitrogen on routine table look for cross ar of team 15 and duration 2 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive regular Table come Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Nitrogen with various other elements

Nitrogen History

The element Nitrogen was found by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in united kingdom . Nitrogen acquired its surname from the Greek word nitron and also "-gen" definition "niter-forming"

Nitrogen Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the diversity of Nitrogen in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in world 0.001
diversity in sunlight 0.001
abundance in Meteorites 0.0014
Abundance in Earth"s crust 2e-05
abundance in seas 5e-07
variety in people 0.026

Crystal structure of Nitrogen

The heavy state framework of Nitrogen is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure deserve to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in 3 dimensional an are to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
386.1 386.1 626.5 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms within the unit cabinet are defined by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are described by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.

an are Group surname P63/mmc
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room Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Nitrogen Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Nitrogen atoms have actually 7 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 5> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atomic Number 7
Number of electron (with no charge) 7
Number the Protons 7
Mass Number 14
Number the Neutrons 7
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 5>
Electron construction 2s2 2p3
Valence Electrons 2s2 2p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell framework of Nitrogen - electron per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Nitrogen - neutral Nitrogen atom

The floor state electronic configuration that Neutral Nitrogen atom is 2s2 2p3. The section of Nitrogen configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as the is the Valence electrons 2s2 2p3, electrons in the outermost covering that determine the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Nitrogen

Complete floor state electronic configuration for the Nitrogen atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p3

Atomic structure of Nitrogen

Nitrogen atomic radius is 56 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 75 pm.

atomic Radius

56 afternoon (0.56 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.1964028777 cm3
Covalent Radius 75 pm (0.75 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 155 pm
spirit Cross ar 1.91 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Nitrogen

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Nitrogen chemistry Properties: Nitrogen Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Nitrogen is 7 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 3.04
ElectronAffinity 7 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Nitrogen

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Nitrogen

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1402.3
2 2856
3 4578.1
4 7475
5 9444.9
6 53266.6
7 64360

Nitrogen physical Properties

Refer to below table because that Nitrogen physics Properties

density 1.251 g/l
Molar Volume 11.1964028777 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness that Nitrogen - tests to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Nitrogen electric Properties

Nitrogen is N/A the electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties the Nitrogen

electric Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting suggest N/A

Nitrogen Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.02583 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion N/A

Nitrogen Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -5.4×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.5×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -6.8×10-9

Optical nature of Nitrogen

Refractive table of contents 1.000298

Acoustic properties of Nitrogen

rate of Sound 333.6 m/s

Nitrogen thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for heat properties of Nitrogen

Melting allude 63.05 K (-210.1 °C)
Boiling point 77.36 K (-195.79 °C)
crucial Temperature 126.21 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies that Nitrogen

warm of combination 0.36 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 2.79 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Nitrogen isotopes - atom Properties the Nitrogen

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally arising Nitrogen has actually 2 stable isotope - 14N, 15N.


Isotope Isotope massive % diversity T fifty percent Decay mode
10N
11N
12N
13N
14N 99.632% secure N/A
15N 0.368% secure N/A
16N
17N
18N
19N
20N
21N
22N
23N
24N
25N

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7727-37-9
RTECS Number RTECSQW9700000
dot Hazard class 2.2
period Numbers 1977
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in assorted chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7727-37-9
CID Number CID947
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSQW9700000

Compare Nitrogen through all Group 15 elements

Nitrogen vs Phosphorus Nitrogen vs Arsenic Nitrogen vs Antimony Nitrogen vs Bismuth Nitrogen vs Moscovium

Compare Nitrogen v all other nonmetal elements

Nitrogen vs Hydrogen Nitrogen vs Carbon Nitrogen vs Oxygen Nitrogen vs Phosphorus Nitrogen vs Sulfur Nitrogen vs Selenium