element 28 of routine table is Nickel through atomic number 28, atomic weight 58.6934. Nickel, symbol Ni, has actually a Face centered Cubic structure and also Gray color. Nickel is a transition metal element. Recognize everything around Nickel Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight gold tinge. Nickel belongs come the transition metals and also is hard and also ductile.

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Nickel Facts

Read crucial information and also facts around element Nickel

surname Nickel
atom Number 28
atom Symbol Ni
Atomic load 58.6934
phase Solid
shade Gray
Classification transition metal
team in routine Table 10
Group Name nickel family
period in regular Table 4
Block in regular Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d8 4s2
Melting point 1455 °C
Boiling point 2913 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 16, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-02-0

How to find Nickel on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is very same as variety of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Periodic table start at top left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 28 to uncover Nickel on periodic table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an facet is by using group number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Nickel on regular table look because that cross section of team 10 and period 4 in the modern periodic table.

discover Interactive periodic Table come Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Nickel with various other elements

Nickel History

The aspect Nickel was uncovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden . Nickel obtained its name from swedish kopparnickel, containing the German native Nickel, "goblin"

Nickel Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the diversity of Nickel in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in world 6e-05
abundance in sun 8e-05
diversity in Meteorites 0.013
Abundance in Earth"s crust 8.9e-05
diversity in oceans 2×10-7%
variety in people 1e-07

Crystal structure of Nickel

The solid state structure of Nickel is Face focused Cubic.

The decision structure deserve to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional room to type the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
352.4 352.4 352.4 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cabinet are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are defined by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

room Group name Fm_ 3m
space Group Number 225
Crystal structure Face centered Cubic

Nickel Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Nickel atoms have actually 28 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 16, 2> v Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F4.

atomic Number 28
Number of electrons (with no charge) 28
Number the Protons 28
Mass Number 59
Number of Neutrons 31
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 16, 2>
Electron configuration 3d8 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d8 4s2
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F4

Shell structure of Nickel - electron per power level


Ground State electronic Configuration of Nickel - neutral Nickel atom

The floor state digital configuration the Neutral Nickel atom is 3d8 4s2. The section of Nickel configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation can become lengthy and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is vital as it is the Valence electron 3d8 4s2, electrons in the outermost shell that recognize the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Nickel

Complete floor state digital configuration for the Nickel atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2

Atomic framework of Nickel

Nickel atom radius is 149 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 121 pm.

atomic Radius

149 pm (1.49 Å)

Atomic Volume 6.58884149079 cm3
Covalent Radius 121 pm (1.21 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 163 pm
neutron Cross ar 37.2 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Nickel


Nickel chemistry Properties: Nickel Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Nickel is 112 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.91
ElectronAffinity 112 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Nickel

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Nickel

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 737.1
2 1753
3 3395
4 5.3×103
5 7339
6 1.04×104
7 1.28×104
8 1.56×104
9 1.86×104
10 21670
11 30970
12 3.4×104
13 3.71×104
14 4.15×104
15 4.48×104
16 4.81×104
17 55101
18 58570
19 1.487×105
20 1.59×105
21 1.694×105

Nickel physics Properties

Refer to listed below table for Nickel physical Properties

density 8.908 g/cm3
Molar Volume 6.58884149079 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 200 GPa
Shear Modulus 76 GPa
mass Modulus 180 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.31

Hardness that Nickel - test to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 4 MPa
Vickers Hardness 638 MPa
Brinell Hardness 700 MPa

Nickel electric Properties

Nickel is Conductor the electricity. Describe table listed below for the electric properties the Nickel

electric Conductivity 1.4×107 S/m
Resistivity 7×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Nickel Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 91 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000134 K-1

Nickel Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Ferromagnetic
Curie suggest 631 K
mass Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility N/A

Optical properties of Nickel

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Nickel

rate of Sound 4970 m/s

Nickel thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties the Nickel

Melting point 1728 K (1455 °C)
Boiling suggest 3186 K (2913 °C)
crucial Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies of Nickel

warm of combination 17.2 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 378 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Nickel isotope - atom Properties the Nickel

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Nickel has actually 5 secure isotope - 58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.

Isotope Isotope mass % diversity T fifty percent Decay setting
58Ni 68.0769% secure N/A
60Ni 26.2231% stable N/A
61Ni 1.1399% secure N/A
62Ni 3.6345% steady N/A
64Ni 0.9256% steady N/A

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-02-0
RTECS Number RTECSQR5950000
period Hazard class 4.1
period Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 4
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health Rating 2
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to search the facet in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-02-0
CID Number CID935
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSQR5950000

Compare Nickel with all Group 10 elements

Nickel vs Palladium Nickel vs Platinum Nickel vs Darmstadtium

Compare Nickel v all transition metal elements

Nickel vs Scandium Nickel vs Titanium Nickel vs Vanadium Nickel vs Chromium Nickel vs Manganese Nickel vs stole Nickel vs Cobalt Nickel vs Copper Nickel vs Zinc Nickel vs Yttrium Nickel vs Zirconium Nickel vs Niobium Nickel vs Molybdenum Nickel vs Technetium Nickel vs Ruthenium Nickel vs Rhodium Nickel vs Palladium Nickel vs silver- Nickel vs Cadmium Nickel vs Hafnium Nickel vs Tantalum Nickel vs Tungsten Nickel vs Rhenium Nickel vs Osmium Nickel vs Iridium Nickel vs Platinum Nickel vs gold Nickel vs Mercury Nickel vs Rutherfordium Nickel vs Dubnium Nickel vs Seaborgium Nickel vs Bohrium Nickel vs Hassium Nickel vs Meitnerium Nickel vs Darmstadtium Nickel vs Roentgenium Nickel vs Copernicium