If you’re acquiring into mountaineering, then you might read some expedition reports to happen the time.

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As you check out those reports, you’re going to watch a variety of different terms referring the come the various parts of mountains.

Not sure what they typical or what component of the mountain you can uncover them on? We’ve gained a fast lesson ~ above the parts of a mountain for you.

The 3 main Mountain Parts

If you’re in search of just the basics, then you’ve acquired three main parts of the mountain.

Those parts are:

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Sounds basic enough, right? Now, stop look in ~ a visualization of where those three components are situated on the mountain.


Aiguille– <French – needle> A tall, narrow spire the rock. Check out pinnacle, spire, needle.Cleaver – A cleaver is a kind of arête that separates a unified flow of glacial ice from that is uphill side into two glaciers flanking, and also flowing parallel to, the ridge. Cleaver gets its surname from the method it resembles a meat cleaver slicing meat into two parts.CoombeorCombe – check out dry valley.Corrie – A bowl-shaped hole on a mountainside in a glaciated region; the area wherein a sink glacier originates. In glacial times the corrie contained an icefi eld, i beg your pardon in overcome section appears as in diagram a above. The form of the corrie is identified by the rotational erosive force of ice as the glacier move downslope. See likewise cirque or cwm.Crag– <Gaelic> – a rocky outcropDièdre – check out Dihedral.Glacier– <French> – Year-round ice covering a huge area. Developed from snowfall, glaciers will certainly slide very slowly downhill.Gorge – see canyon.Highpoint – The suggest of greatest elevation in a offered area, eg country, state, or county. A highpoint require not it is in a summit (or also a peak): The highpoint the the state the Connecticut is on the slopes that Mt Frissel, who summit is exterior the state.Horn – a peak having that shape. In glaciology, a horn is identified as the sheer-sided optimal remaining after glaciers have actually removed at the very least three sides.Klettersteig – check out Via Ferreta.Knob – A top or hill having that shape.Knoll – little round hill.Ledge – A narrow, (more-or-less) flat spot along an otherwise (mostly) upright face. Synonym: “shelf”.Moat – space along the next of a glacier, separating it from the absent of the sink wall. To compare “bergschrund”.Monadnock– <Abenaki – “Lone Mountain”; the name of a hill in new Hampshire, USA> – “inselberg”.Mountain – Not easily defined. Some governments or long clubs will define a mountain as having a minimum elevation, or a minimum prominence, however these standards vary widely.Needle – A tall, small spire of rock. View pinnacle, spire, aiguille.Point – 1. Any type of location. 2. A little peninsula, or a formation resembling one. 3. A peak, prominence, or spur not considered worthy of the name “peak”, or merely not yet named. In the lack of any type of other name, a height or benchmark may be referred to as “point xxx”, wherein xxx is the elevation.Range – A range is a group of mountains.Scarp slope – The steeper that the 2 slopes which make up an escarpment of inclined strata. To compare dip slope.Sea level – fictional surface created by the average elevation of the oceans, skip tidal cycles, weather, etc, and also extended under the soil to form a continous surface. This surface ar is not spherical. Typically used approximations incorporate “ellipsoids” (slightly-squashed spheres) and also “geoids” (bumpier); the latter reflect sport in the toughness of gravity in various locations. In many places the miscellaneous kinds the “sea level” differ from each other by tens of meters, so following time friend hear someone recite the altitude of peak X down to the nearest centimeter, make certain you questioning what “reference datum” lock using.Separation – the horizontal distance in between two points. Occasionally used in deciding whether 2 points “count” as separate peaks or mountains.Shoulder – a lateral protrusion top top a mountain, or a point on the mountain where the slope changes, creating a convex shape.Spire – a tall and also narrow absent formation, resembling a steeple. View pinnacle, needle, aiguille.Sun cups – uneven surface of eye or ice caused by uneven evaporation/melting in sunlight. See additionally “penitentes”.Talus– <French – earthwork> – confusing of boulders at the basic of a cliff from which they’ve fallen. To compare “felsenmeer”. View “scree”.Treeline – the elevation over which tree cannot grow. Varies through latitude, soil, and also exposure come weather (especially wind). In most areas trees don’t all of sudden cease but rather become gradually more dwarfish – check out “krummholz”. More-precise interpretations (eg, trees listed below some specific height) might be provided for assorted purposes but I am not mindful of a uniform standard.V-shaped valley – A narrow, steep-sided valley made by the fast erosion of absent by streams and also rivers. The is V-shaped in cross-section. Compare U-shaped valley.Verglas– <French – glassy ice> – thin, clean ice developed by the freeze of rain or meltwater top top a hard, smooth surface (ie, rock). Very slippery, and also sometimes too thin to host a crampon or ice axe.Zeugen– pedestal rocks in arid regions; wind erosion is concentrated near the ground, wherein corrasion by wind-born sand is most active. This leader to undercutting and also the pedestal file emerges.


As you have the right to see, over there are the majority of parts the the hill that you’ll desire to familiarize you yourself with before reading too numerous expedition reports.

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