Appendix N - Composite threat Management

Composite Risk management (CRM) is a decision-making procedure used to reduce risks connected with all risks that have actually the potential to damaged or death personnel, damages or destroy equipment, or otherwise impact mission effectiveness. The primary premise that CRM is that it walk not issue where or exactly how loss occurs due to the fact that the result is the same - lessened mission effectiveness. The guiding principles of CRM are:

integrate CRM into all phases the missions and also operations. Effective CRM calls for the process be incorporated into every phases the mission or operational planning, preparation, execution, and recovery. Make threat decisions in ~ the proper level. As a decision-making tool, CRM is only effective when the information is passed come the suitable level of command for decision. Leaders are forced to establish and publish approval authority for decision making. This might be a separate policy, particularly addressed in regulation guidance, or addressed in the commander"s maintain guidance. Approval authority for risk decision do is usually based on guidance from greater headquarters. Accept no unnecessary risk. Accept no level of threat unless the potential gain or benefit outweighs the potential loss.

CRM is a decision-making device to aid the commander, leader, or separation, personal, instance in identifying, assessing, and controlling dangers to make informed decisions that balance risk prices (losses) against mission benefits (potential gains).

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apply the process cyclically and also continuously. CRM is a constant process applied across the full spectrum of army training and operations, individual and also collective day-to-day tasks and events, and base to work functions. That is a cyclic procedure that is provided to continuously identify and assess hazards, develop and also implement controls, and also evaluate outcomes. Carry out not be risk averse. Identify and also control the hazards; complete the mission.

Composite Risk management Steps

CRM is a five-step process:

step 1: identify hazards. Action 2: Assess perils to identify risk. Step 3: develop controls and also make hazard decisions. Step 4: perform controls. Step 5: Supervise and evaluate.

Steps 1 and 2 are assessment steps, and Steps 3 with 5 are administration steps.

When the CRM is overlaid v the troop-leading procedures, the result is as displayed in figure N-1.

figure N-1. CRM and also troop top procedures

To keep continuity through mission tasks and also requirements, the is vital to track the CRM procedure in a standardization manner. Countless tools are available that can be tailored come portray CRM info to suit a details mission, situation, operation, or event. When time and situation allow, the military standard CRM worksheet (Department that the Army form 7566, Composite Risk monitoring Worksheet) or an digital version will be used to record the CRM process.

Key Definitions

Hazard: A problem with the potential to reason injury, illness, or death of personnel; damages to or loss of devices or property; or mission degradation. A danger may likewise be a situation or occasion that can result in degradation of ability or mission failure. Perils exist in all environments - combat operations, stability operations, base assistance operations, training, garrison activities, and off-duty activities.

Danger: Exposure or vulnerability to harm or risk, the balance between the chance or probability the a hazardous incident, and also the result of the hazardous incident.

Risk: Probability and severity that loss linked to hazards.

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Risk management: The procedure of identifying, assessing, and also controlling risks occurring from to work factors and making decisions that balance risk cost with mission benefits.


Field manual 5-19, Composite hazard Management, room of the Army, august 2006.