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Constantine the Great, 306-337 C.E., split the Roman empire in two and also made Christianity the leading religion in the region.

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The invading military reached the outskirts of Rome, which had actually been left entirely undefended. In 410 C.E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and also sacked the funding of the roman Empire.

The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their method through the city, leave a wake of destruction wherever lock went. The plundering continued for three days. Because that the very first time in almost a millennium, the city the Rome was in the hand of someone various other than the Romans. This to be the an initial time that the city that Rome was sacked, but by no way the last.

Constantine and the rise of Christianity

One of the numerous factors that added to the loss of the Roman empire was the increase of a brand-new religion, Christianity. The Christian religion, which was monotheistic ran respond to to the traditional Roman religion, which was polytheistic (many gods). At various times, the Romans persecuted the Christians since of their beliefs, which were popular amongst the poor.


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This 16th-century medallion depicts Attila the Hun, among the many vicious intruders of all time.

In 313 C.E., roman inn emperor Constantine the good ended every persecution and also declared toleration for Christianity. Later on that century, Christianity ended up being the official state faith of the Empire. This drastic change in plan spread this relatively new religion to every corner of the Empire.

By approving Christianity, the roman state directly undermined its religious traditions. Finally, by this time, Romans taken into consideration their emperor a god. Yet the Christian id in one god — who was no the emperor — dilute the authority and also credibility that the emperor.

Constantine spread another readjust that aided accelerate the autumn of the roman Empire. In 330 C.E., he separation the empire into 2 parts: the western half centered in Rome and also the eastern fifty percent centered in Constantinople, a city he named after himself.


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Why 2 Empires?


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This map the the Roman empire in 476 C.E. Shows the various world who invaded and how they sculpted up the Empire.

In 324, Constantine"s army defeated the pressures of Licinius, the emperor the the east. Constantine came to be emperor of the entire empire and founded a brand-new capital city in the eastern half at Byzantium. The city was his new Rome and was later on named Constantinople (the "city the Constantine").


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Empress Theodora was one of the most an effective women of late antiquity. She helped keep she husband, Emperor Justinian, in power and also solidified the strength of the byzantine Empire in the 6th century C.E. As the western realm collapsed.

Constantinople was advantageously situated for two reasons. First, it was on a peninsula that could be fortified and also defended easily. Further, because Constantinople was situated on the frontiers the the empire, imperial armies could respond more easily come external assaults or threats.

Some scholars likewise believe that Constantine established a brand-new city in order to provide a place for the young religious beliefs of Christianity to flourish in an atmosphere purer 보다 that of corrupt Rome.

The western empire spoke Latin and also was roman Catholic. The eastern realm spoke Greek and worshipped under the east Orthodox branch the the Christian church. Over time, the eastern thrived, if the west declined. In fact, ~ the western component of the Roman realm fell, the eastern half continued come exist together the byzantine Empire for hundreds of years. Therefore, the "fall that Rome" yes, really refers only to the autumn of the western half of the Empire.

Other fundamental problems added to the fall. In the financially ailing west, a to decrease in agricultural production led to higher food prices. The western half of the empire had a big trade deficit v the eastern half. The west purchased luxury products from the east however had naught to sell in exchange. To consist of for the absence of money, the government began producing much more coins with much less silver content. This resulted in inflation. Finally, piracy and attacks native Germanic people disrupted the circulation of trade, specifically in the west.

There were political and military difficulties, as well. It didn"t aid matters that political amateurs to be in regulate of Rome in the year leading approximately its fall. Army generals overcame the emperorship, and also corruption to be rampant. Over time, the army was transformed into a mercenary military with no real commitment to Rome. Together money thrived tight, the federal government hired the cheaper and also less trustworthy Germanic soldiers come fight in roman armies. Through the end, these militaries were defending Rome versus their fellow Germanic tribesmen. Under this circumstances, the bag of Rome came as no surprise.

Goth Rockers

Wave after wave of Germanic barbarian tribes swept through the roman inn Empire. Groups such as the Visigoths, Vandals, Angles, Saxons, Franks, Ostrogoths, and Lombards took transforms ravaging the Empire, eventually carving out locations in which to settle down. The Angles and Saxons occupied the brother Isles, and also the Franks finished up in France.

In 476 C.E. Romulus, the critical of the Roman kings in the west, was toppled by the german leader Odoacer, who became the very first Barbarian to dominion in Rome. The order that the Roman realm had brought to west Europe for 1000 years to be no more.


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The ideal of Edward Gibbon"s decline and fall of the roman Empire
Historian Edward Gibbon"s most influential work is his decline and autumn of the roman Empire. In the he suggests that Barbarian strikes and spiritual disagreements resulted in the downfall that the mightiest Western power of the old world. Although later on historians have pointed the end factual and interpretive flaws in Gibbon"s scholarship, the remains among the most widely read historic works in the world. At this site, browse v excerpts from Gibbon"s commemorated book.

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Attila the Hun"s army was therefore fearsome to the Roman realm they referred to as it the "Scourge the God."Learn More...

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