Hawaiians believekupunato be their resource of traditional cultural beliefs, practices and also values. There existed in Hawai‘i past, a frame that commanded the function of kupuna to it is in respected and honored. Kupuna then, led the ohana v the accuracy of genealogy linkage, child rearing practices, ceremonies, rituals, and laws of cause and effect
Early in the 1990s as soon as the Office that Hawaiian to work (OHA) to be a emerging infant, Trustee Moses Keale Sr. For Kaua‘i and Ni‘ihau, gathered a team of manaleo kupuna to invest some time with each other on his island. The invitation review “E Komo Mai!” they came, castle talked and laughed, sang and cried, prayed frequently, dined on their Hawaiian foods and also smiled v gratitude. Their task? to converse in their mother tongue about Hawaiian values. Not complicated for them. It was their natural lifestyle they had constantly known and knew no other.
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From their deliberations words and phases in the mommy tongue frequently held castle captive. Kaona surfaced increased eyebrows, cunning grins, nudging of elbows to reinforce the meanings, cupped hands end mouths, coquettish winks and also innocent giggles. Nevertheless of island, village or geographical location in the ahupua‘a, castle understood. V respect and also aloha because that their own kupuna (now passed) castle knew the someday, somewhere, sometime, their mutual values would certainly surface. Burdens would be lifted, hearts would certainly be joyful, hands would certainly be kindly and also productive, thoughts would be clear and compassionate, waters would circulation freely and also the thirst for expertise would heighten.
It is from this manaleo kupuna that us visit the six values which characterized the Hawaiian world through picking Hawaiian language terms which ideal identified concepts, values, practices, traits, rituals and also protocols. These terms were grouped right into categories together follows:KE AKUA, MANA: it is normally agreed the Hawaiians approach all tasks, big or small with the have to seek a higher authority because that directions. Meditation on the task, the problems it may invoke, and also the finish product is embodied in the Hawaiian termspule.Although a west translation of this ax is prayer, the connotations pertained to the English native “prayer” would not it is in an appropriately complete definition. An ext appropriately,puleseeks a product i beg your pardon is divinely motivated with deep and also unnerving understanding. This meditation breathes its very own life right into the task and that life looks for a harmony with man and also nature. The procedure ofpuleseems to ar a great concern top top the inquiries of the appropriateness the a task or the solidity the the structure of the project. This is reflected in the consists of terms such as pohaku (foundation), aina (land) and manaolana in defining this category.LOKAHI:The harmony explained a goal ofpulein the previous group then becomes the unity, which guides every tasks. Superficially,Lokahibrings together the termslaulima(working relationship),alu like(working in harmony),kuleana (division that responsibility),kupono andhana kupono(working because that a exactly cause). These ideas are especially applicable come physical work or interactions of man and also nature or man and man. However, in mix with Ke AkuaandMana, Lokahitakes ~ above a much more infinite meaning as Hawaiians think about their partnership with the broader universe.Lokahi, therefore is nature’s method of seeking full balance in between all elements. Hawaiians relate to this principle by being a component of the peace and also harmony in ~ this system rather than in regulate of said system. Therefore,Lokahiis the balance and also unity that all parts of the broader universe.OHANA:Ohanain its simplest application is the family – nuclear, immediate, and also extended. The kupuna associated over 35 qualities to this ide making the be much the most complicated and important component of the total universe they defined. This terms ranged from simple attributes such aslealea(happiness),oluolu (pleasing), andlaulima(working relationship) to immensely complex and philosophical concepts such asha(breath that life),piko(essence the center),hoihi andwaiwai io.Some of this terms to be so complex in their deep interpretations that words such ashoihiandwaiwai ioas it applies toohanawere left open up to debate.It is vital to keep in mind that applying a western ide to the termfamilycould fall far brief of the mark in knowledge the vial duty this theatre in specifying things “Hawaiian”. It we were request to determine the many important classic value which differentiated Hawaiians form other people, it would be the treatment of household –ohana.It has been defined by the participants that the Hawaiian considers family orientation not only laterally (i.e. Nuclear: mother, father, siblings; immediate: grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins; extended: all other relationships including non-blood relations) however vertically. An illustration created for the purpose of explaining vertical extension ofohanaincludes the vertical relationship that man has with his creater, aumakua(family gods), and also ancestors, himself various other people, and also his capacity to procreate. This vertical partnership was finest expressed through the kupuna with the advancement of the termshuaandpua(male and also female counterparts).POOKELA:Perhaps that the 6 categories, the terms noted in this group represents the most measurable items because that qualitative and also quantitative evaluation.Pookelarefers come excellence. The kupuna noted items such together paahana(diligence),hookipa(sharing),oihana(professionalism, job oriented), hana hooko(commitment),kupono(standing through firmness),ikaika(strength, determination),hoomanawanui(humility),imi naauao(correctness the knowledge), andwaiwaikaulike(to strive for high quality for all in whatever done). It to be their agreement that these attributes were not only desirable but also essential to any Hawaiian pursuit.HOOMAU: continuous is the layout for this category. Growth and re-growth come produce ongoing life for generations to come. Hawaiians knew that all things must continue to flourish or cease to exist. Thus, in simplest terms they applied the principle of the balance in between thehuaandpua(male and female counterparts) in every things. Together with these two terms comeha,man’smana (power to give the breath that life),hoonaauao o na pua a me pulama(to teach, inspire and to cherish, caress) were two qualifies the inspiredhoomau(growth and re-growth). Especially highlighted in this concept was the prestige of olelo makuahine(language). The was apparent in the deliberations that the participants struggled to adequately discover English words, which might express the true an interpretation of particular Hawaiian native or ideas. Therefore, they concluded that at this time specific terms can not be identified using English native equivalents.
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KOHO IA: The last category,koho iawas certainly a profound discovery. ~ a short explanation of the concept it was readily adopted as not only an extremely Hawaiian but an ext importantly, it was looked upon together the concluding group which could guarantee the continued existence that the Hawaiian race as a separate and identifiably distinctive culture. The trouble is in specifying the principle to west thinkers.Simply put,koho iais to be “chosen”. The is the ide of a person having actually the ability to do a an option even if the selection seems to currently have been produced him. As the kupuna put it, that is “choice however no choice”. One exampled that this is embodied in the termpunahele(chosen). Thepunahelehas a selection at some suggest to proceed to follow the teachings or to retract from the source. Although tap the money is a true choice, the price of withdrawal is usually really costly and for the most part unlikely. If the selection is unlikely then there really is no choice. The minute you pick to to walk a separate path you loose your capacity to be part of the group. In various other words you properly fail to execute your duty to nurture theohanaso you loose contact through the same. Extrapolating this further, due to the fact that the kupuna figured out theohanaas supremely important, breaking this chain disintegrates the system and also the Hawaiian traditional values autumn apart.
Long before my mother’s pass after she 100th birthday we talked aboutkoho ia.Because while ns had involved recognize that is “power” ns too had not heard it. In ours conversations us agreed as parent and child that all civilization arekoho ia. Us all have actually our routes to follow, “choice no choice”. We might not understand what that is initially, but in time us all uncover ourkoho iapath that connects us in the many beautiful ways with every things, with all people. Thinking that method is Hawaiian. Being akoho iais understanding “On gift Hawaiian”. Understanding that we space all Akua’s miracles, the is reasonable to believe that HE leads ourkoho iajourney. Welcome come yourkoho iastatus!