First, perform you know what this particular day is? Yes, it’s august 5th, however do friend remember what day that is? Yes, it is right! It’s our anniversary. I began making lessons below two years ago! ns am simply amazed at how numerous wonderful people I’ve met with this site.

Thank you so much for all her support!

OK, let’s acquire to today’s lesson. Today’s great is around first-person singular pronoun. I obtained this great request around a year ago. I did make a great half-way and left it because that a lengthy time. Here’s the question/request.

You are watching: What does jibun mean in japanese

“I often tend to wanna default to 僕, also though i have only freshly started mine Japanese study and also should probably acquire myself in the habit of 私 prior to I start obtaining casual about things, but I was simply curious around the usage of 自分. It appears pretty common, however how go its intake differ indigenous the basic 私、僕、or 俺?”

This is a an excellent opportunity to find out the an initial person pronouns for those who have just began to learn Japanese.****************************************************************************

The an initial person pronouns :

Before I begin this lesson, let me clear up one thing. We regularly skip topics in Japanese. So a most times, you might get to perplexed in conversations. However eventually girlfriend will acquire used to it.

Now as all of you know, the most common first person pronoun is 私 ( = watashi).


Ex. 私はマギーです。

=Watashi wa Maggie desu.

=I to be Maggie.


Note : This is the most common very first person pronoun and also is supplied in composed for by both for men and also women. However generally speaking, in conversation, if women usage it all the time to indicate themselves both among friends or in official situations, men tend to use it only as soon as they talk to superiors or in formal situations.It is rare for guys to call themselves 私 ( = watashi ) when they room with their friends or family. It sounds a little too formal.

(But the course, there are exceptions.)

わたくし= “watakushi”. This is the most formal one. We use the same kanji, 私.

Ex. 私はマギーと申します。

=Wataskushi wa Maggie to moushimasu. (very formal)

=I to be Maggie.

Note :We additionally often omit the particle (は = wa) as soon as we speak.

アタシ( or あたし)=atashi : really casual. Not that common however it is provided by young girl (very casual and it may sound a tiny shallow or childish.)

Ex. アタシ、マギー!

=Atashi Maggie!

=I’m Maggie!

One’s very first name or very first name through ちゃん = chan (= girl / sometimes boys) or 君 = kun (→boys)

Children often contact themselves v their very first name or their an initial name through ちゃん= chan

Ex. マギーとっても嬉しい!

= Maggie tottemo ureshii!

=I, Maggie, am very happy!

Ex. これ、マギーちゃんの!

= Kore Maggie-chan no!

= This is mine (Maggie’s) !

Not simply children but some young girls additionally have the habit the calling themselves by their own an initial name once they talk with their family members or friends.

Ex. マギー行きたくない!

= Maggie ikitaku nai!

= ns (Maggie) don’t desire to go!

now if you room a boy, you deserve to use

僕 ( = boku)

Ex. 僕はクッキーです。

= Boku wa Cookie desu.

= I to be Cookie.

Note : Adults talk to a kid with 僕 ( = boku) (with boys) or 私 ( = watashi) (with girls) instead of utilizing their surname or “you”.

Ex. 僕、いくつになるの?

= Boku ikutsu ni naruno?(talking come a boy)

= How old space you, kid?

Ex. わたし、お名前は?

= Watasih onamae wa?(talking come a girl )

= What’s your name, little girl?

which one to use, 私 ( = watashi) or 僕 ( = boku) at work?

Although the is a pretty common first person pronoun because that men, for part Japanese, 僕 ( = boku) sounds very casual and also childish. However we execute hear adults, even human being from the older generation making use of this pronoun often.

A tiny while back there to be an exciting TV program where they debated which they need to use, 私 ( = watashi), or 僕 ( = boku) at work.Even a famous news caster determined 僕 ( = boku) to speak to the guest on his present or when he speak to the TV staff.

But I would certainly say you can use 僕 ( = boku) at work however avoid using it in a an extremely formal situation, choose in organization meetings with other companies, official letters, etc.

If you space a man and show you yourself a bit much more wild or tough, you can use

俺  ( = ore)

Ex. 今日、俺んち来る?

=Kyō orenchi kuru?

=You wanna come over my home today?

(Note : んち ( = nchi) is a casual method to to speak の家 ( = no uchi) 

Ex. わたしんち  ( = watashinchi) = 私の家 (= watashi no uchi) my house

Ex. 俺、今日、お金ないんだ。

= Ore kyō okane nainda.

= ns don’t have actually money today.

which one come use, 僕 ( = boku) or 俺 ( = ore) ?

If you room a man and speak Japanese, ultimately you have actually to chose which one 俺 ( = ore) or 僕 ( = boku) you would use when you are approximately your friends. Together I pointed out above, 俺 ( = ore) normally sounds a little blunt and also “macho”. They usage it through someone an extremely close to them such as their family, or friends. Avoid using it with someone superior. On the other hand, 僕 ( = boku) provides a softer or an ext friendly impression 보다 俺 ( = ore) .

ワシ/わし = washi : This is a kind of fun one.

It is provided when one aged guy talks about themselves.Personally I seldom hear someone actually using this in actual life but this is a stereotypical an initial pronoun for a (stubborn) old guy so the you will see/hear this a lot when an old man shows up in books, comic books, animations or movies.

Ex. こんなものわしはいらんぞ!

= Konna mono washi wa iranzo!

= ns don’t require such a thing!



Now back to the question, when we usage 自分 ( = jibun) and also what the difference between this and also other pronouns.

自分 ( = jibun) method “(one)self” that is reflex pronoun but they are various from English one.

There are cases we use it together the an initial pronouns.

Ex. 私はそう思いません。

= Watashi wa sou omoimasen.

= I nothing think so.↓. 自分はそうは思いません。

= Jibun wa sou wa omoi masen.

= i don’t think so.

Ex. 散歩? 私はしないけどマギーは?

= Sanpo? Watashi wa shinaikedo Maggie wa?

= Going because that a walk? ns don’t do that however how about you, Maggie?↓

散歩? 自分はしないけどマギーは?

= Sanpo? Jibun wa shinaikedo Maggie wa?

= Going for a walk? ns don’t perform that, but how about you, Maggie?

There are people who call themselves 自分 ( = jibun), but it sounds a little an ext distant 보다 the various other pronouns. The sounds prefer one is illustration a line between themselves and the listener.

Also sometimes it sounds an ext rigid since it is a common soldiers’ type of speech.

Ex. 自分は名古屋に住んでおります。

= Jibun wa Nagoya ni sunde orimasu.

= I live in Nagoya.

Note : In 関西 = Kansai area, west component of Japan, people use it together the second pronoun, “you”.

Ex. 自分、どこから来たの?

= Jibun dokokara kitano?

= Where space you from?

Ex. 自分はカレー好き?

= Jibun wa karee suki?

= Do you favor curry?

Ex. 自分はどう思うの?

= Jibun wa dou omouno?

= What carry out you think around it?

!ochame! I had an interesting experience a long time back while talk to a 関西人 ( = kansaijin)Kansai person. He preserved asking inquiries saying 自分 ( = jibun). And also at an initial I acquired really confused and also wondered why he to be asking about “himself” so much.


However, we do use 自分 ( = jibun) together the second pronoun as soon as we emphasize “yourself” or “yourselves”

Ex. そんなの自分 (←あなた)が悪いんじゃない!

= Sonnano jibun( ←anata) ga waruin janai!

= It’s her (own) fault!

Ex. 今忙しいから自分で(←あなたが)やって!

= Ima isogashii kara jibun de (←anata ga) yatte!

= I am liven right now so execute it yourself!

!lotsofhearts! an ext examples : (As i warned friend in the start of this lesson, a the majority of the sentences below don’t have actually a subject yet unless it is a inquiry or a command or a tip for various other people, the speaker need to be the subject.)

1) 自分の = jibun no =one’s

• 私の家 = watashi no ie

means my house.

If friend say

• 自分の家 = jibun no ie

it means one’s own house. It could be your residence or someone else’s house.

Ex. 自分の家でくつろぐのが一番いいでしょ。

= Jibun no ie de kutsurogu no ga ichiban iidesho.

= Relaxing at her own house is the best, no it?


= Jibun no koto wa jibun de yatte.

= Do your points yourself.

as soon as to use:

as soon as you refer yourself (or others) objectively:

Ex. 自分で自分を褒めてあげたい。

= Jibun de jibun wo homete agetai

= I would choose to worship myself.  (This is a famous quote by Japanese marathon runner, Yuko Arimori)


= Jibun(←watashi) wa kirawarete iruto omou.

=I think people don’t choose me.

Ex. 自分が何をしたいのかわからない

= Jibun ga nani wo shitai no ka wakaranai

= I don’t understand what I want to do

Ex. 自分(←私)はここにいていいのかなって思うことがある。

= Jibun (←watashi) wa koko ni ite ii nokanatte omou koto ga aru.

= There space moments once I wonder if the is OK because that me to it is in here.

Ex.どうしようかと迷う自分 (←私)がここにいる。

= Doushiyou kato mayou jibun(←watashi) ga kokoni iru.

= Here is myself, wonder what to execute here. (literal)

Ex. 自分を大切にしたい。

= Jibun wo taiestsu ni shitai.

= I want to take treatment of myself.


= Jibun ga yaritai koto wo yarinasai.

= Do what you desire to do.

Ex. 本当の自分がわからない

= Hontou no jibun ga wakaranai

= I don’t recognize who i am. (I don’t recognize my true self.)

Ex. 自分がもどかしい

= Jibun ga modokashii

=I get frustrated myself.


= Jibun ga doredake kare no koto wo aishite ita ka kizukanakatta.

= I no know exactly how much i loved him.

when you emphasize simply “oneself“:


= Jibuntach(tachi) bakari oishi mono wo tabete zurui!

= It is no fair for you to eat something yummy (without me!)

Note : 自分達  ( = jibuntachi ) plural kind of 自分 ( = jibun), (more casual) 

Ex. 自分がやりたいと思わなければ何も始まりません。

= Jibun ga yaritai come omowanakereba nanimo hajimarimasen.

= Unless girlfriend (yourself) desire to do it, nothing will start.

Ex.  あの人は自分がかわいいだけなんだ。

= Ano hito wa jibun ga kawaii dake nannda.

= That person(he/she) only care around themselves.

Ex. 自分が食べたいものを作る

= Jibun ga tabetai mono wo tsukuru

= I chef what I desire to eat.

Ex. 近所の人には自分から声をかけましょう。

= Kinjyo no hito niwa jibun kara koe wo kakemashou

= Say hello to next-door neighbors from friend (your side).

by oneself, one-selves alone, because that oneself : 一人で ( = hitori de)


= Sonna koto jibun de yarinasai!

= Do that thing (

Ex. 自分で考えなさい。

= Jibun de kangaenasai.

= Figure it out yourself.

Ex. 自分達の(←私達の)力でがんばる。

= Jibuntachi no (←watashitachi no) chikara de ganbaru

= To try to perform the ideal by themselves.

Ex. 自分でやれるから心配しないで。

= Jibun de yareru kara shinpai shinaide.

= I can do it alone so nothing worry.

Ex. 料理ぐらい、自分で出来ます。

= Ryouri gurai jibun de dekimasu.

= (It’s just cooking!) ns can cook myself.

your own:


= Jibu no (←watashi no) kotoba de tsutaetai

= I want to say it with my very own words.

as reflexive pronoun:

When you describe yourself, we also say

自分自身 = jibun jishinn = myself

pronoun + 自身 ( = jishin) → oneself

•私自身 = watashi jishin = myself

•あなた自身 = anata jishin = yourself

•彼自身 = kare jishin = himself

•彼女自身 = kanojo jishin = herself

•マギー自身 = Maggie jishin = she (Maggie) self

Ex. それはあなた自身の問題です。

= Anata jishin no mondai desu.

= That’s your very own problem.

If friend say,

Ex. それは自分自身の問題です。

= sick wa jibun jishin no mondai desu.

= That’s your own problem.

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The target can be anybody. It have the right to refer come him, her, you, me….anybody.

I will make a class on how to deal with other world sometime!

(Sept. 5th) together I promised, i made the lesson. Examine Is that OK to usage あなた(=anata) + 2nd-pronouns + nicknames lesson.)