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The verb HABER is a tricky one at first, being that it is used in different way than many verbs. However, the quite necessary to gain a manage on that sooner than later on as its use is rather important, and you will usage it all the time while speak Spanish.

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To start, HABER is supplied in two ways:

To express the existence of somethingAs an auxiliary verb + past participle to kind the “Perfect Tense”

To start, the verb HABER is provided as existence; it has only one shortcut in all the tenses. In existing tense is: HAY + noun. The doesn´t issue if the singular or plural.



Hay una manzana en la mesa. – over there is one to apologize on the table.Hay dos manzanas en la mesa. – There are two apples on the table.

The one conjugation dominion as you will certainly see listed below in all tenses stop true:

Present Tense

HAY – over there is

HAY – over there are

Hay un zapato en la caja. – over there is a shoes in the box.Hay muchos zapatos en la caja. – there are countless shoes in the box.

Simple past Tense

HUBO  – There to be

HUBO  – there were

Hubo un accidente ayer. – There to be an accident yesterday.Hubo tres huracanes en México la semana pasada. – there were three hurricanes in Mexico last week.

Imperfect Tense

HABIA – over there was

HABIA – there were

Solamente había una escuela en mi pueblo cuando yo era niño. – there was only one institution in mine town as soon as I to be a child.Cuando llegamos al banco había cinco personas esperando. – as soon as we acquired to the bank, there to be five people waiting.

Many student get puzzled on “what is the difference in between HUBO and also HABIA?” Remember that the difference between basic past tense and also imperfect tense is: basic past it s too dirty expresses characterized actions, and imperfect tense defines undefined actions and also repetitive actions.

El año pasado hubo muchos accidentes en la carretera nueva.  – last year there to be many accidents on the new highwayRecuerdo que cuando yo era niña casi siempre había exámenes sorpresa en la clase de matemáticas. – ns remember once I to be a child, there was constantly surprise exams in math class.


HABRA – There will be

Habrá una fiesta mañana en la noche. – There will be a party morning night.Habrá cinco grupos en el concierto del próximo fin de semana. – There will certainly be five groups in concert following weekend.


HABRIA – There would certainly be

Él me dijo que habría una fiesta en su casa pero se canceló. – he told me the there would certainly be a party in his house, but it to be canceled.Habría más árboles en el mundo pero existe mucha contaminación. – There would certainly be much more trees in the world yet there is a the majority of pollution.

The second use that the verb HABER is its use as an auxiliary verb to form the PERFECT TENSE.


Above, girlfriend learned the the verb HABER is offered to expresses visibility using only a single conjugation (HAY, HUBO, HABIA, HABRA and also HABRIA). But with the PERFECT TENSE the is conjugated with a 2nd verb to form the building and construction of time and also action.

The perfect tense are developed with the verb “haber” + a past participle.  In English we usage the verb “to have (+verb)” to convey this definition (ie. I have actually eaten). “Haber” is provided for “to have…” and describes the person and also timeframe that event, if the previous participle defines the action.

The perfect tenses can be:

The present perfect tenseThe pluperinf tense or the previous perfect tenseThe future perfect tenseThe conditional perfect tense

The existing perfect tense

The current perfect it is too dirty is created by the present tense the the verb “haber” (to have) and also a previous participle.

Yo he

Tú has

Él/ella ha + comido / ido / hablado – (have eaten, have actually been, have talked)

Nosotros hemos

Ellos/ellas han

Ustedes han

For example:

Ellos han ido a México muchas veces. – They have actually been come Mexico many times.Yo he sido maestra de español por doce años. – I have been a Spanish teacher because that twelve years.Él ha estudiado español durante algunos meses. – He has actually studied Spanish because that a couple of months.

The pluperinf tense or The previous perfect tense:

The past perfect it s too dirty is developed by the imperfect tense of the verb “haber” (to have) and a previous participle.

Yo había

Tú habías

Él/ella había + visitado / tenido / comprador – (had visited, had actually had, had bought)

Nosotros habíamos

Ellos/ellas habían

Ustedes habían

For example:

Nosotros ya habíamos preparado la comida antes de salir de casa. – we had currently prepared the food prior to leaving home.Ellos habían comido porque tenían hambre, no era necesario hacer un problema por eso. – They had eaten because they to be hungry, it to be not vital to make an issue about it.Tú no habías ido a ese lugar antes, ¿verdad? – You had actually not to be to this location before, right?

The future perfect tense:

The future perfect tense is formed by the future tense of the verb “haber” (to have) and also a previous participle.

Yo habré

Tú habrás

Él/ella habrá + viajado / conocido / visitado – (will have actually travelled, will have actually known, will have visited)

Nosotros habremos

Ellos/ellas habrán

Ustedes habrán

For example:

En cinco semanas ya habré terminado el reporte para mi jefe. – In five weeks i will have actually finished the report for my boss.Tú habrás ido a Colombia antes de terminar la escuela. – you will have been come Colombia before finishing school.Nosotros habremos estudiado toda la gramatica antes de terminar tu viaje. – us will have actually studied all the grammar before finishing her trip.


The conditional perfect tense:

The conditional perfect it is too dirty is formed by the conditional tense of the verb “haber” (to have) and a previous participle.

Yo habría

Tú habrías

Él/ella habría + hecho / abierto / tenido – (would have actually done, would have opened, would have had)

Nosotros habríamos

Ellos/ellas habrían

Ustedes habrían

For example:

Yo habría tenido éxito en mis exámenes pero no estudié nada. – I would certainly have had success in mine exams however I walk not examine anything.Él habría ganado la competencia pero tuvo ese dreadful accidente. – he would have actually won the competition however he had actually that awful accident.Ellos habrían estudiado más tiempo en la escuela pero ya no tenían más dinero.

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– they would have studied in institution longer however they had no much more money.

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