You are watching: What characteristics distinguish fungi from plants
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Artist\"s conk (Ganoderma applanatum), a clip fungi. Spread worldwide, the artist\"s conk is a wood-decaying fungus that mainly grows on dead or dying trees.
Fungi space eukaryotic organisms; i.e., your cells contain membrane-bound oribel and clearly defined nuclei. Historically, fungi were contained in the plant kingdom; however, since fungi absence chlorophyll and also are identified by distinct structural and also physiological attributes (i.e., components of the cell wall and cabinet membrane), they have been separated native plants. In addition, mushroom are plainly distinguished from all other living organisms, consisting of animals, by their principal settings of vegetative growth and nutrient intake. Fungi grow from the advice of filaments (hyphae) that consist of the bodies of the organisms (mycelia), and they digest organic matter externally before soaking up it into their mycelia.
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While mushrooms and toadstools (poisonous mushrooms) are by no method the most countless or economically far-ranging fungi, they space the most easily recognized. The Latin word because that mushroom, fungus (plural fungi), has concerned stand for the whole group. Similarly, the examine of mushroom is recognized as mycology—a large application of the Greek word for mushroom, mykēs. Fungi other than mushrooms are sometimes jointly called molds, return this ax is much better restricted to mushroom of the sort stood for by bread mold. (For information around slime molds, which exhibit functions of both the animal and also the fungal worlds, see protist.)
Edible porcini mushroom (Boletus edulis). Porcini mushrooms space widely dispersed in the north Hemisphere and type symbiotic associations through a variety of tree species.