John Dickinson to be an American statesman, delegate to the continent Congress and one the the authors of the articles of Confederation.

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Who Was man Dickinson?

John Dickinson to be a starting Father the the United says of America who was known as the "Penman of the Revolution." He won fame in 1767 together the author of "Letters indigenous a Farmer in Pennsylvania, to the residents of the brothers Colonies." The letters assisted turn windy opinion versus the Townshend Acts, spreading by the british Parliament. Dickinson additionally helped breeze the articles of Confederation and also craft the U.S. Constitution. His legacy is honored v Dickinson College and Penn State's Dickinson institution of Law, both in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.


Early Years

Dickinson to be born in 1732 to a affluent Quaker household in Maryland. 6 years later, the family members moved come an estate in Delaware. At age 18, Dickinson adhered to his father, a referee in Delaware, into the research of regulation at a Philadelphia regulation office. In 1753, Dickinson go overseas and spent four years examining in the London court system. When there, the heard top minds the the day talk about Enlightenment philosophy and individual rights. The experience carried into sharp emphasis the relationship between history and politics and would affect the rest of Dickinson's life.


Returning come Philadelphia in 1757 to exercise law, Dickinson saw his call in the legal ar grow. Three years later, he made his an initial foray into politics and also was soon chosen to both the Delaware legislature and also the Pennsylvania assembly (made possible by Dickinson's residency in both regions). In 1764, he tested Benjamin Franklin on the concern of replacing Pennsylvania’s proprietary charter with a royal charter (Dickinson was against it). Dickinson shed both the debate and his assembly chair in Pennsylvania.

The Era of Discontent

In the after-effects of the 7 Years battle (1756-1763), the british government found itself deep in debt and also began trying to find ways to create revenue. Parliament enacted the stamp Act that 1765, which applied a direct tax on certain products imported come the colonies. Predictably, the colonists met the taxation with fierce the contrary claiming tax without representation and also organizing boycotts on british goods.


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Dickinson, v his strong, measure voice, was preferred to stand for Pennsylvania at the rubber stamp Act congress in 1765, wherein he drafted the body's anti–Stamp plot resolution. Though Parliament repealed the stamp Act in 1766, it ignored the colonists’ protests and also passed the Townshend plot of 1767, i m sorry imposed new taxes on items imported come the colonies. Shortly after, Dickinson started publishing in the Pennsylvania Chronicle his "Letters indigenous a Farmer in Pennsylvania come the occupants of the brothers Colonies" under the pseudonym "Fabius." The letters promoted peaceful resistance come oppression and warned against revolution as solution to Britain’s violations. The letter were republished in many colonial newspapers advocating a cautious opposition come British tyranny.


In 1770, Dickinson married mar Norris, the daughter that the previous speaker the the Pennsylvania Assembly, and also the pair walk on to have five children (although only two endured infancy).

Declaration the Independence and the U.S. Constitution

After serving in miscellaneous roles, including fight during the Revolutionary War, Dickinson was elected to the Delaware legislature and also was later elected governor. During the 2nd Continental Congress, there was high tension among the delegates and also intense dispute over revolution, but Dickinson refused to poll for or sign the explanation of Independence, saying the emerging country was not prepared for open revolt against the most powerful empire ~ above earth. In the end, the abstained native voting so that the overall tally for independence would be unanimous.

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In 1779, ~ the Revolutionary War, in i m sorry he dealt with in differing roles, Dickinson offered in the Confederation Congress and also was chosen president of Delaware 2 years later (in 1782, he was elected Pennsylvania president). In 1786, that chaired the Annapolis Convention, convened to resolve concerns over the articles of Confederation. The following year, Dickinson stood for Delaware at the structure Convention in Philadelphia. Unfortunately, disease kept Dickinson indigenous signing the document, and also a colleague placed his surname to the parchment.

Final Years 

Dickinson returned to Delaware whereby he divided his time between private life and also political duty. He served as president of Delaware’s constitution convention and also was an informal advisor come President thomas Jefferson. Dickinson passed away on February 14, 1808, at his residence in Wilmington, Delaware.

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