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Nouns in the English language have actually three cases: subjective, objective and also possessive. The instance of the noun depends on just how the noun functions in the sentence. Is the noun provided as the main subject that the sentence? Is the noun used to show possession of miscellaneous else? Is the noun in the sentence receiving other from an additional object? does the noun monitor a preposition? answering the above questions can aid you identify the type of nouns found in a sentence.

You are watching: The function of a noun determines its case

The function of the noun determines its case. Sign up for advanced English Grammar to learn an ext about noun (indefinite, definite) or other parts of speech. Then follow along with this short article to learn an ext about the three situations of nouns: subjective, objective and possessive.

First, a Word around Cases of Nouns: an altering Form (Or how Nouns generally Don’t!)

Unlike verbs, which can change type depending top top the tense offered in the sentence – ie: jog, jogging, jogged or lick, licking, licked – many nouns do not change form depending upon their case. Similar to most things, there room exceptions. One exception to this general ascendancy when it come to cases of nouns: own nouns, which we will comment on later in this article, occasionally change kind through the addition of an apostrophe and, possibly, one s.

Though we room discussing instances of noun in particular, pronouns additionally display the same cases as nouns. Pronouns may be offered as the key subject in a sentence; they may be offered to screen possession; and they might be used as things of a proposition. While situations of nouns do not typically adjust form, cases of pronoun can.

Now, let’s take a look at the situations of nouns individually with examples of each.

Cases the Nouns: Subjective

Subjective noun are sometimes referred to as nominative nouns. This nouns either space the subject of the sentence or they are provided as a predicate noun, which adheres to a ‘be’ verb and also renames the main subject that the sentence. This are most likely the simplest nouns to spot, as they are commonly the topic of the verb in the sentence.

Let’s take a look at a few examples the subjective/nominative nouns:

Mary drove come the store. Mar is a spatu noun; she is the one the drove.

Elvis sang for countless years. Elvis to be the one law the singing; Elvis is the spatu noun.

Now, compare those two instances with the complying with two examples of exactly how they may be supplied as a predicate noun:

The teacher was the speaker. The speaker is renaming who the teacher was and it is linked by was.

Allen is a pediatrician. Pediatrician is the predicate noun together it is renaming who Allen is and it is linked by the verb ‘is’.

Cases of Nouns: Objective

Nouns are described as objective as soon as they are used as straight objects, indirect objects or objects that a preposition. Locating the target nouns have the right to be a bit trickier than spotting a spatu or property noun, but with a small practice friend will have no problem identifying these instances of nouns in a sentence. So let’s practice!

Direct Objects: direct objects receive activity in a sentence. Lock can commonly be found by looking in ~ the verb in the sentence and asking ‘what?’ or sometimes ‘whom?’ together an example:

Show she the publication now. (Show whom the book? Her. Her is the straight object.)

My brothers licked a lizard. (Licked what? A lizard. Lizard is the direct object.)

Indirect Objects: Indirect objects obtain the straight object and also can be determined by locating the straight object first and then asking who obtained that straight object. Sounds confusing? It won’t be after you’ve had a little bit of practice locating the indirect object. Let’s look at a few examples:

Mark threw his dad the football. Here, the verb is throw. Throw what? The football, which is the direct object. Threw the football to whom? he threw it to his father, which would be the recipient of the straight object (the football) and, therefore, the indirect object.

Here’s one more example of an indirect object:

Barbara offered her sisters a dollar. To whom did she give the dollar, which is your direct object? To she sister. So, she sister is the recipient, or the indirect object, based on the rules above.

Objects of a Preposition: The object of a preposition is the noun or pronoun that follows a preposition. Because that example:

He eats through me. V is the preposition, therefore me is the object of the preposition.

We offered one example above that could have been written by using an item of the preposition. Look in ~ this:

Mark threw his father the football.

Instead, we could have written:

Mark threw the football come his father. In this instance, as result of the usage of the preposition ‘to’, father becomes the object of a preposition.

Cases of Nouns: Possessive

Nouns are taken into consideration possessive once they are used to display ownership of something. They will occasionally use an apostrophe, however this is not constantly the case. Pronouns can also be used in the own case, together in ‘his backpack’ or ‘her purse’.

Examples of possessive noun include:

Mary’s backpack to be red. Mary’s is the possessive noun mirroring ownership that the backpack.

Gerald’s shirt was blue v white stripes. Gerald’s is the own noun.

The course Elementary English course EFL teaches students about possessive pronouns.

Cases that Nouns: acquiring Your toes Wet

While we have briefly damaged down the different instances of nouns and also given girlfriend some instances of each, this class is just enabling you to obtain your toe wet as soon as it pertains to practicing these components of speech. Us did no talk about a selection of various other things, such together predicate adjectives, which defines nouns; intransitive verbs, which perform not have straight objects; or verb complements. For more advanced lessons in the English language, try our intermediary English course.

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