Microsoft Excel XP is a spreadsheet applications in the Microsoft Office suite. A spreadsheet is an audit program for the computer. Spreadsheets are mostly used to job-related with numbers and also text. Spreadsheets can help organize information, such together alphabetizing a list of names or bespeak records, and also calculate and analyze details using mathematical formulas.

You are watching: The excel window area that displays the address of a selected cell

By the finish of this lesson, you should be may be to:Identify the components of the Excel windowUnderstand the differences in between a workbook and also a worksheetUnderstand a cell and also its prominence to ExcelMove about a workbook

The Excel window

Many items you view on the Excel XP display are traditional in most other Microsoft software application programs choose Word, PowerPoint, and also previous version of Excel, when some aspects are particular to Excel XP.



Also referred to as a spreadsheet, the workbook is a unique document created through Excel XP.

Title bar


The title bar screens both the name of the application and the name of the spreadsheet.

Menu bar


The menu bar displays every one of the menus easily accessible for use in Excel XP. The materials of any kind of menu deserve to be presented by left-clicking the menu name.


Some commands in the menus have actually pictures or icons connected with them. These photos may likewise appear together shortcuts in the toolbar.


Column headings


Each Excel spreadsheet contains 256 columns. Each pillar is called by a letter or mix of letters.

Row headings


Each spreadsheet contains 65,536 rows. Each heat is named by a number.

Name box


This shows the deal with of the current choice or energetic cell.

Formula bar


The formula bar isplays information entered—or being gone into as girlfriend type—in the present or energetic cell. The contents of a cabinet can also be edited in the formula bar.



A cabinet is one intersection that a column and row. Every cell has actually a distinctive cell address. In the snapshot above, the cell resolve of the selected cell is B3. The hefty border approximately the selected cell is referred to as the cabinet pointer.

Navigation buttons and sheet tabs


Navigation buttons enable you to relocate to one more worksheet in an Excel workbook. Lock are supplied to display the first, previous, next, and last worksheets in the workbook.

Sheet tabs different a workbook into specific worksheets. A workbook defaults to 3 worksheets. A workbook must contain at least one worksheet.

Workbooks and worksheets

A workbook instantly shows in the workspace as soon as you open up Microsoft Excel XP. Each workbook has three worksheets. A worksheet is a network of cell consisting the 65,536 rows by 256 columns. Spreadsheet information—text, numbers, or mathematics formulas—is entered into different cells.


Column headings room referenced by alphabetic personalities in the gray boxes that run throughout the Excel screen, start with column A and ending with obelisk IV.

Rows are referenced by numbers that appear on the left and also then run down the Excel screen. The first row is called row 1, while the last heat is called 65536.

Important termsA workbook is comprised of three worksheets.The worksheets are labeled Sheet1, Sheet2, and also Sheet3.Each Excel worksheet is consisted of of columns and also rows.In stimulate to access a worksheet, click the tab that claims Sheet#.

The cell

An Excel worksheet is comprised of columns and rows. Where these columns and also rows intersect, they type little boxes called cells. The energetic cell—or the cabinet that deserve to be acted upon—reveals a dark border. All other cells reveal a light gray border. Every cell has actually a name. Its surname is comprised of two parts: the column letter and also the heat number.


In the complying with picture, the cell C3—formed by the intersection of column C and also row 3—contains the dark border. It is the active cell.

Important termsEach cell has actually a distinctive cell address created of a cell's column and also row.The active cell is the cell the receives the data or command you offer it.A darkened border, called the cell pointer, identifies it.

Moving roughly the worksheet

You can move about the spreadsheet in numerous ways.

To move the cell pointer:To activate any cell, suggest to a cell with the mouse and click.To move the tip one cell to the left, right, up, or down, use the key-board arrow keys.To scroll with the worksheet:

The vertical scroll bar situated along the ideal edge the the display is used to relocate up or down the spreadsheet. The horizontal scroll bar located at the bottom the the display screen is offered to move left or right throughout the spreadsheet.


The PageUp and also PageDown tricks on the key-board are supplied to move the cursor up or down one display screen at a time. Other tricks that relocate the active cell space Home, which move to the very first column top top the current row, and Ctrl+Home, which move the cursor to the top-left edge of the spreadsheet, or cabinet A1.

To move in between worksheets:

As mentioned, every workbook defaults to three worksheets. These worksheets are represented by tabs—named Sheet1, Sheet2 and Sheet3—that show up at the bottom the the Excel window.

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To relocate from one worksheet come another:Click the sheet tab—Sheet1, Sheet2 or sheet 3—you want to display.


Display the materials of every menu in the menu bar, and note the icons linked with certain menu choices. Shot to uncover the pictures or shortcuts ~ above the conventional toolbar.Click each of the three worksheet tabs—Sheet1, Sheet2 and also Sheet3—to become familiar moving from paper to paper in the workbook.Use the web page Up (PgUp) and also Page under (PgDn) keys to get used come scrolling in a worksheet.Use the horizontal and also vertical scrollbars to practice scrolling up, down, left, and right in the worksheet.