Old Norse was a North germanic language once talked in Scandinavia, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and in parts of Russia, France and the brother Isles and also Ireland. It was the language of the Vikings or Norsemen. The modern-day language most very closely related come Old norse is Icelandic, the written type of which has actually changed small over the years, while the spoken form has undergone far-ranging changes.

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The more quickly known inscriptions in Scandinavia date from the the second century ad and were composed in Runes mainly on stone, or on personal artifacts such as brooches and also swords. The bulk of these inscription have actually been discovered in Denmark and Sweden, and also they space written in a language much an ext archaic 보다 Old Norse.

Most Old Norse literary works was composed in Iceland and also includes the Eddas, poems about gods and mythic origins, or the heroes of an earlier age; Scaldic poetry, i beg your pardon was came to with extolling the virtues and telling tales of the notable exploits of kings and other patrons; and the Sagas, story of historical numbers or groups intended as entertainment.

Between 800 and 1050 ad a department began to show up between eastern Norse, which occurred into Swedish and Danish, and West Norse, which emerged into Norwegian, Faroese, Icelandic and also Norn, an extinction language once talked in Shetland, Orkney, and northern components of Scotland.

Younger Futhark

Younger Futhark was a Runic script offered to write Old Norse, and also was the main alphabet in Norway, Sweden and also Denmark throughout the Viking Age, yet was largely, though no completely, changed by the Latin alphabet by about 1200 together a result of the conversion of most of Scandinavia come Christianity.

Three slightly various versions the the alphabet emerged in Denmark, Norway and Sweden - the very first row the runes room the Danish ones, the second row space the Norwegian ones, and the 3rd row room the sweden ones, i m sorry are likewise known as Short-twig or Rök Runes.


Old norseman alphabet and pronunciation


C, q, w and also z were used only in loanwords and foreign names.

Hear how to express Old Norse:

Sample messages in Old Norse

Allir menn eru bornir frjálsir yes jafnir in ~ virðingu yes réttum. Þeir eru allir viti gœddir ok samvizku, ok skulu gøra hvárr til annars bróðurliga.

Old norse text noted by a Magistri Old norseman Tutor

A record of this text by Matthew Leigh Embleton


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They room endowed through reason and conscience and should act in the direction of one another in a soul of brotherhood. (Article 1 that the global Declaration of human being Rights)

Þórr heitir áss, yes sir er sterkr mjök yes oft reiðr. Hann á hamar góðan. Þórr ferr oft til Jötunheima yes sir vegr þar marga jötna með hamrinum. Þórr á ok vagn er flýgr. Hann ekr vagninum um himininn. Þar er Þórr ekr, er stormr.

A recording of this text by Matthew Leigh Embleton


A god is called Thor. The is very solid and regularly angry. He has actually a good hammer. Thor regularly goes to Gianthome and slays plenty of giants there through the hammer. Thor also has a carriage that flies. He drives the carriage with the sky. Whereby Thor drives there is storm.

Lord's Prayer



Faðer uor som ast i himlüm, halgað warðe þit nama. Tilkomme þit rikie. Skie þin uilie therefore som i himmalan so five bo iordanne. Wort dahliha broð gif os ns dah. Five forlat os uora skuldar for this reason som five ui forlate þem os skuüldihi are. Five inleð os ikkie i frestalsan utan frels os ifra ondo. Tü rikiað ar þit oh mahtan oh harlihheten ns ewihhet. Aman.

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Hear a recording of the Lord's Prayer in Old Norse

Information about Old vikings | number | Tower the Babel | finding out materials


Information about Old norseman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Norse http://www.heathenhof.com/how-to-write-old-norse-in-runes/

Online Old norse lessons http://www.hi.is/~haukurth/norse/ https://notendur.hi.is/haukurth/norse/olessons/lesson1.php http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/norol-0-X.html https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXCxNFxw6iq-Mh4uIjYvufg/videos

Online Old norse texts and also manuscripts http://www.svenska.gu.se/~svekgj/wormianus.html http://www.snerpa.is/net/ http://www.sagnanet.is http://etext.old.no

Dictionary the Old norse Prose (Ordbog end det norrøne prosasprog) http://dataonp.hum.ku.dk/

A guide to Old Norse names http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONNames.htm

ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for old scripts, including classic & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, direct B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html

Germanic languages

Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, prije person (North), prije person (Saterland), prije person (West), German, Gothic, Gottscheerish, Gronings, Hunsrik, Icelandic, Limburgish, low German, Luxembourgish, Mòcheno, Norn, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Ripuarian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Stellingwarfs, Swabian, Swedish, Swiss German, Transylvanian Saxon, Värmlandic, Wymysorys, Yiddish, Zeelandic

Languages written through the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


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