Though great Britain had one of the biggest navies in the world at the beginning of the American Revolution, it did not have a big standing army. The brothers Parliament had historically opposed such an military during durations of peace. When the high price of preserving a huge standing military was one variable behind this policy, Parliament additionally feared just how a monarch could use this military to abuse the constitutional civil liberties of the brothers people.

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In addition, accessible British forces were spread out thinly across the globe protecting the empire. Not only was the government compelled to maintain enough forces in the house islands to protect great Britain from invasion by an additional European power, the federal government was compelled to preserve troops in numerous parts that its empire including such strategic places as Gibraltar and also the Island of Minorca. An excellent Britain was additionally forced to maintain large numbers of forces in the Caribbean to protect its wealthy sugar islands.


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German army Jaeger rifle, c. 1775, Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation.


Because the the small number of British forces in north America in ~ the start of the American Revolution, the British army could not suppress the rebellion without major reinforcements. Recruiting a huge number of troops and moving those forces to the American colonies prior to the brand-new Continental army became trained and ready come fight was important.

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One the the quickest and easiest methods for King George III to increase the dimension of the British pressures was to simply obtain troops from various other European rulers. Before the rise of large national standing militaries in the l8th century, the was common for rulers to simply lease or rental an military if a ready-made military was needed. Despite George III seek troops from a number of European rulers, it to be from the princes of tiny German kingdoms that he discovered the troops to augment british forces. In addition to being the King of great Britain, George III was also the Elector of Hanover, a little German state. V his German location and strong German roots, he delighted in special relationships with other German princes enabling him come hire their soldiers. Hiring out soldiers to be a good way for impoverished German princes to supplement your incomes. The decision by the British federal government to go after the employed staff of international mercenaries versus people who had actually long taken into consideration themselves faithful British subjects led to King George III to shed a good deal of assistance in the American colonies. The decision to hire foreign troops would be among the causes specifically referenced in the explanation of freedom as a factor which contributed to the last break.


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