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This an easy lesson focuses on how to ask for and tell the moment of work in Spanish, and expressing the work of the week. Compared to other topics, that is fortunately one the you may be able to read through just a couple of times, and also get the cave of it. Nothing be afraid to read it out loud!! shot asking yourself the questions, and then responding back.

You are watching: Son las nueve y cuarto de la noche

 ¿Qué hora es? Is indistinguishable to “What time is it?”


In expressing time, “It is” is expressed by “Es la” (for one o’clock), and “Son las” because that other hrs (two o’clock, three o’clock, and so on).

For example:

Es la una – the one o’clock.Son ras dos (tres) – It’s 2 (three) o’clock.

Time previous the hour (up to fifty percent past) is to express by the hour + y, adhered to by the variety of minutes. “Half past” is express by “y media”; “a quarter past” is to express by “y cuarto”.

For example:

Es la una y diez – it’s ten (minutes) after ~ one. It’s 1:10.Son las seis y media – It’s fifty percent past six. The 6:30.Son las diez y cuarto – the a quarter after ten. The 10:15.

Alter half past, the moment is expressed in regards to the complying with hour “menos” (minus) the minutes.

For example:

Son ras dos menos veinte – it’s twenty minutes to two. It’s 1:40.Son las nueve menos cuarto – it’s a quarter to nine. That 8:45.

A an ext difficult, yet common method is to usage “faltar” (missing) rather of menos.

Faltan quince para que sean las nueve. – that fifteen minutes to nine. The 8:45.

Try the “menos” method first, and also then shot to add the “faltar” approach to her repertoire.

The expresión “de la mañana” coincides to English “a.m.” (in the morning), “de la tarde” (in the afternoon) and “de la noche” (in the evening) correspond to English “p.m.”, “en punto” means “sharp” or “on the dot.”

For example:

Son las ocho de la mañana – it’s 8:00 a.m.Es la una de la tarde – that 1:00 p.m.Son las ocho de la noche en punto – the 8:00 p.m (exactly).


Instead the “media” and “cuarto”, the variety of minutes may be supplied (treinta, quince).

For example:

Son las cinco y treinta – that five-thirty. It’s fifty percent past five.Es la una y quince – it’s one-fifteen. The a quarter previous one.

It’s not unusual to heat times choose 12:45 and also 12:50 expressed with “y”.

For example:

Son las doce y cuarenta y cinco – the twelve-forty-five.Son las doce y cincuenta – it’s twelve-fifty.


Es la una menos cuartoEs la una menos diez

Common time expresions:

¿Qué hora es? – What time is it?

¿A qué hora? – at what time?

A las dos (tres) – at 2 (three) o’clock

de la mañana – in the morning, a.m.

de la tarde – in the afternoon, p.m.

de la noche – at night, p.m.

Es mediodía – the noon

a mediodía – in ~ noon

Es medianoche – it’s midnight

a medianoche – at midnight

Es tarde – the late

Es temprano – it’s early

a tiempo – top top time

En punto – exactly, sharp

Now on to days and dates:


Days the the week (Los días de la semana)

lunes – Monday

martes – Tuesday

miércoles – Wednesday

jueves – Thursday

viernes – Friday

sábado – Saturday

domingo – Sunday

fin de semana – Weekend



“On” before a day of the week is expressed by “el” because that the singular and also “los” because that the plural.

El / los lunes – on Monday / Mondays

El / los martes – on Tuesday / Tuesdays

El / los miércoles – on Wednesday / Wednesdays

El / los jueves – ~ above Thursday / Thursdays

El / los viernes – top top Friday / Fridays

El / los sábado(s) – ~ above Saturday / Saturdays

El / los domingo(s) – top top Sunday / Sundays

El / los fin(es) de semana – top top the weekend/ ~ above the weekends

Note that the job of the week who names end in –s carry out not adjust their type in the plural.

The days of the week space not capitalized in Spanish.

Months (meses)

Enero – January

Febrero – February

Marzo – March

Abril – April

Mayo – May

Junio – June

Julio – July

Agosto – August

Septiembre – September

Octubre – October

Noviembre – November

Diciembre – December

NOTE: choose the job of the week, the months space written v lowercase (small) letters in Spanish.



¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? – What is this day date?

¿A cuánto estamos hoy? ­– What is now date?

Es el primero de enero – the January 1.

Estamos a primero de enero – it’s January 1.

Es el dos de febrero – that is February 2.

Es el tres (cuatro) de mayo – It’s might 3 (4).

Mil ochocientos doce – 1812

El quince de abril de mil novecientos noventa y seis – April 15, 1996

Some various other tips

Cardinal numbers are supplied for all dates except “primero” (first).el primero de abril – April 1(st)el tres (cuatro, cinco) de abril – April 3 (4, 5)In English we have the right to say past years by hundreds alone (ie. How we speak “seventeen hundred fifty” for 1750). The year is express in Spanish by thousands and also hundreds: “Mil setecientos cincuenta”, literally: one thousand seven hundred fifty.The date and also month are connected by the preposition “de”. The month and also the year are likewise connected by “de”.el diez de junio de mil ochocientos cuarenta – (on) June 10, 1840.With dates, el synchronizes to “on”.El diez de abril.

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– top top April 10.

photo credit: ToniVC via photopin