**Acute Angle** An edge whose measure up is higher than 0 degrees and also less 보다 90 degrees.

You are watching: Select the mathematical terms that mean "opposite of."

**Acute Triangle** A triangle in i m sorry all three angles are acute angles.

*Example of one acute angle***Addition residential property of Equality** If a = b, then a + c = b + c. This building states that adding the very same amount to both members of an equation preservation the equality.

**Additive identity** A residential property that claims that for any kind of number x, x + 0 = x, zero is the additive identity.

**Additive Inverse** For any kind of number x, there exists a number −x, such that x + −x= 0. This way that over there exists a pair of numbers (like 5 and also –5) that room the very same distance indigenous zero on the number line, and also when added together will always produce a amount of zero. These pairs of numbers are also sometimes dubbed “opposites.”

**Altitude the a Triangle** A segment attracted from a crest of the triangle perpendicular come the opposite next of the triangle, called the basic (or perpendicular to an extension of the base).

*AD is an altitude the the triangle***Angle** An edge is developed when two rays re-publishing a common vertex.

*Example of an angle***Area Model** A math model based on the area the a rectangle, offered to represent multiplication or fractional components of a whole.

**Associative building of Addition** For any type of numbers x, y , and also z: (x + y) + z = x + (y + z). The associative residential property of addition states that the order in which you team variables or number does not issue in identify the final sum.

**Associative residential or commercial property of Multiplication** For any kind of numbers x, y , and z: (xy) z = x (yz). The associative residential or commercial property of multiplication states that the bespeak in which you group variables or numbers does not issue in identify the final product.

**Attribute** A distinguishing characteristic of an object. For instance, two features of a triangle room angles and sides.

**Axis** A number line in a plane. Plural type is axes. Likewise see: coordinate Plane.

**Bar Graph** A graph in which rectangular bars, either vertical or horizontal, are used to screen data.

*Example of a bar graph***Base**

**Box and Whisker Plot** for data ordered smallest to largest the median, reduced quartile and upper quartile are found and also displayed in a box follow me a number line. Whiskers are included to the right and also left and extended come the least and greatest values of the data.

*Example of a box and also whisker plot***Cartesian coordinate System** See: name: coordinates Plane

**Center the a Circle** A suggest in the interior of the circle the is equidistant from all points of the circle.

**A circle and its center****Chord** A segment who endpoints space points that a circle.

*An instance of a chord of a circle***Circle** The collection of point out in a airplane equidistant from a point in the plane.

**Circumference** The distance approximately a circle. Its size is the product that the diameter that the circle and pi.

**Coefficient** In the product that a consistent and a variable the consistent is the number coefficient of the variable and is generally referred to merely as the coefficient.

**Common Denominator** A common multiple of the denominators of two or more fractions. Additionally see: Least typical Denominator

**Common Factor** A factor that 2 or an ext integers have in common. Also see: Greatest usual Factor.

**Common Multiple** See: Least usual Multiple.

**Complement** The enhance of a set E is a set of all the facets that are not in E.

**Complementary Angles** 2 angles are complementary if the amount of their actions totals 90 degrees.

*Example of 2 complementary angles, a and b***Composite Number** A prime number is an creature p higher than 1 with precisely two confident factors: 1 and also p. A composite number is an integer greater than 1 that has more than two optimistic factors. The number 1 is the multiplicative identity; that is, for any kind of number n, n · 1 = n. The number 1 is neither a prime nor a composite number.

**Compound Event** A subset that a sample an are containing 2 or more outcomes.

**Concentric circles** Circles with the same center and also in the same plane that have different radii.

*Example the concentric circles***Cone** A three-dimensional number with a circular basic joined to a point called the apex.

*Picture that a cone***Congruent** offered to describe angles or sides having actually the exact same measure and also to polygon that have the very same shape and also size.

**Conjecture** An assumption that is assumed to be true based on observations.

**Constant** A solved value.

**Coordinate(s)** A number assigned come each point on the number line which reflects its place or location on the line. In a coordinate airplane the notified pair, (x,y), assigned come each allude of the plane, mirrors the point’s position in relation to the x-axis and y-axis.

**Coordinate Plane** A airplane that consists of a horizontal and vertical number line, intersecting at best angles at your origins. The number lines, dubbed axes, division the plane into 4 quadrants. The quadrants space numbered I, II, III, and IV start in the upper ideal quadrant and moving counterclockwise.

**Counterclockwise** A circular movement opposite come the direction the the motion of the hands of a clock.

*Counterclockwise***Counting Numbers** The counting numbers are the number in the complying with never-ending sequence: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7... Us can additionally write this together +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7,... This numbers are also called the optimistic integers or natural numbers.

**Cube**

*Cube shape***Cylinder** A three-dimensional number with parallel one bases the equal dimension joined through a lateral surface ar whose net is a rectangle.

*Cylinder***Data** A collection of information, generally in the form of numbers.

**Data Analysis** The procedure of making sense of built up data.

**Data Point** every individual piece of information accumulated in a collection of data.

**Degree**

**Denominator** The denominator the a portion indicates into how many equal components the totality is divided. The denominator appears beneath the portion bar.

**Diameter** A segment with endpoints top top the circle the passes through its center.

**Dividend** The quantity that is to it is in divided.

**Divisibility** suppose that n and also d space integers, and also that d is not 0. The number n is divisible through d if there is an essence q such the n = dq. Equivalently, d is a factor of n or n is a lot of of d.

**Division Algorithm** given two positive integers a and b, us can always find unique integers q and r such the a= bq + r and also 0≤ r The quantity through which the dividend is divided.

**Domain** The set of input values in a function.

**Edge** A segment that joins continuous vertices the a polygon or a polyhedron.

**Elements** Members the a set.

**Empirical Probability** Probability established by genuine data gathered from real experiments.

**Equation** A math sentence using the equal authorize to state that two expressions stand for the exact same number.

**Equilateral Triangle** An it is intended triangle is a triangle with three congruent sides. An equilateral triangle also has 3 congruent angles, which we can also call equiangular triangle.

**Equivalent**

**Event** an occasion is any kind of subset that the sample space. A straightforward event is a subset the the sample space containing only 1 feasible outcome of one experiment. A compound event is a subset that the sample an are containing 2 or an ext outcomes.

**Experiment** A repeatable action with a set of outcomes.

**Exponent** expect that n is a entirety number. Then, for any number x, the nth power of x, or x come the nth power, is the product the n factors of the number x. This number is commonly written x^n. The number x is usually referred to as the base of the expression x^n, and n is referred to as the exponent.

**Exponential Notation** A notation that expresses a number in terms of a base and an exponent.

**Expression** A mathematical expression like “m + 1” supplied to describe quantities mathematically v numbers and variables.

**Face** each of the surface polygons that type a polyhedron.

**Factor** an integer the divides evenly into a dividend. Usage interchangeably with divisor except in the department Algorithm.

**Factorial** The factorial of a non-negative number n is written n! and is the product of all hopeful integers much less than or same to n. By meaning 0!= 1!= 1.

**Fraction** number of the type m/n, wherein n is not zero.

**Frequency** The number of times a data suggest appears in a data set.

**Function** A duty is a dominance that assigns to each member of a set of inputs, dubbed the domain, a member that a collection of outputs, called the range.

**Graph of a Function** The pictorial representation of a function.

**Greater than, less Than** intend that x and y are integers. We say the x is less than y, x y, if x is to the right of y top top the number line.

**Greatest common Factor, GCF** intend m and n are hopeful integers. An creature d is a usual factor that m and also n if d is a factor of both m and also n. The greatest usual factor, or GCF, that m and n is the best positive integer the is a aspect of both m and also n. We create the GCF the m and also n together GCF (m,n).

**Height** The length of the perpendicular between the bases that a parallelogram or trapezoid; also the altitude the a triangle.

**Horizontal Axis** See: name: coordinates Plane.

**Hypotenuse** The next opposite the best angle in a best triangle.

**Improper Fraction** A fraction in which the numerator is better than or same to the denominator.

**Independent Events** If the outcome of an occasion does not affect the result of other events.

**Input Values** The values of the domain the a function.

**Integers** The repertoire of integers is composed of the counting numbers, the negatives, and zero; ... −4, −3, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4...

**Isosceles Triangle** A triangle through at the very least two sides of equal length.

*Example the isosceles triangle***Lateral Area** The surface area of any three-dimensional number excluding the area of any kind of surface designated together a basic of the figure.

**Lattice Point** A point of the coordinate plane, (x,y), in i beg your pardon both x and also y room integers.

**Least usual Denominator** The least typical denominator the the fractions p/n and k/m is the least typical multiple that n and m, LCM(n, m).

**Least typical Multiple, LCM** The integers a and b are positive. An creature m is a common multiple the a and also b if m is a multiple of both a and b. The least usual multiple, or LCM, that a and also b is the the smallest integer that is a typical multiple that a and b. We write the LCM that a and b together LCM (a,b).

**Legs**

**Less than** See: better Than.

**Line graph** A graph offered to screen data the occurs in a sequence. Consecutive points are connected by segments.

*Example that a heat graph*

*Example that a heat plot***Linear version for Multiplication** Skip counting on a number line.

**Mean** The median of a set of data; sum of the data split by the variety of items. Likewise called the arithmetic mean or average.

**Measures of main Tendency** usually measured by the mean, median, or setting of the data set.

**Median** The center value of a collection of data i ordered it in enhancing or diminish order. If the set has an even number of items the mean is the typical of the center two items.

**Missing aspect Model** A design for division in i beg your pardon the quotient of one indicated division is perceived as a missing factor of a connected multiplication.

**Mixed portion (Numbers)** The sum of one integer and also a proper fraction.

**Mode** The value of the element that appears most commonly in a data set.

**Multiplicative Identity** See: Composite Numbers.

**Multiplicative Inverse** The number x is referred to as the multiplicative station or mutual of n, n ≠ 0, if x · n = 1.

**Natural Numbers** See: counting Numbers.

**Negative Integers** Integers less than zero.

**Notation** A technical device of symbols provided to convey math information.

**Number Line** A pictorial representation of number on a right line.

**Numerator** The expression written over the fraction bar in a common portion to show the number of parts counted.

**Obtuse Angle** An angle whose measure is higher than 90 degrees and also less 보다 180 degrees.

**Obtuse Triangle** A triangle that has actually one obtuse angle.

**Order the Operations** The stimulate of mathematical operations, through computations within parentheses to be excellent first, and enhancement and individually from left to appropriate done last.

**Ordered Pair** A pair of numbers that represent the works with of a suggest in the coordinate aircraft with the an initial number measured along the horizontal scale and also the 2nd along the upright scale.

**Origin** The suggest with name: coordinates 0 top top a number line; the point with collaborates (0,0) in the coordinate plane.

**Outcomes** The collection of feasible results of an experiment.

**Outlier** A term referring to a value that is drastically different from many of the various other data values.

**Output Values** The collection of results acquired by using a duty rule come a set of intake values.

**Parallel Lines** two lines in a aircraft that never intersect.

**Percent** A means of to express a number as components out of 100; the molecule of a proportion with a denominator the 100.

**Perfect Cube** An integer n that deserve to be composed in the kind n= k³, where k is one integer.

**Perfect Square** An integer n that have the right to be composed in the kind n= k², wherein k is an integer.

**Perimeter** The perimeter that a polygon is the amount of the lengths the its sides.

**Perpendicular** two lines or segments are perpendicular if they crossing to kind a ideal angle.

**Pi** The proportion of the circumference to the diameter of any type of circle, stood for either by the price π, or the approximation 22/7 , or 3.1415926...

**Pie (Circle) Graph** A graph utilizing sectors of a circle that space proportional to the percent the the data represented.

**Positive Integers** See: counting Numbers.

**Power** See: Exponent.

**Prime Number** See: Composite Number.

**Prime Factorization** The procedure of recognize the prime factors of one integer. The hatchet is additionally used to refer to the result of the process.

**Prism** A form of polyhedron that has two bases that are both congruent and also parallel, and also lateral faces which space parallelograms.

**Probability** In an experiment in which each outcome is same likely, the probability P(A) of an occasion A is m/n where m is the number of outcomes in the subset A and n is the total number of outcomes in the sample an are S.

**Proper Fraction** A portion whose value is greater than 0 and less than 1.

**Proportion** one equation the ratios in the type a/b = c/d, where b and d room not equal to zero.

**Protractor** one instrument used to measure angle in degrees.

**Quadrant** See: name: coordinates Plane.

**Quadrilateral** A plane figure with 4 straight edges and also four angles.

**Quotient** The result obtained by doing division. Watch the department Algorithm for a various use the quotient.

**Radius** The distance from the center of a circle to a suggest on the circle. Plural form is radii.

**Range** The difference in between the largest and smallest values of a data set. See function for another an interpretation of range.

**Rate** A price is a department comparison in between two quantities with various units. Also see Unit Rate.

**Ratio** A division comparison of two amounts with or there is no the same units. If the devices are different they should be to express to do the proportion meaningful.

**Rational Number** A number that can be composed as a/b whereby a is an integer and also b is a natural number.

**Ray** part of a line that has actually a starting point and continues forever in just one direction.

**Reciprocal** See: Multiplicative Inverse.

**Regular Polygon** A polygon v equal side lengths and equal edge measures.

**Relatively Prime** 2 integers m and n are relatively prime if the GCF that m and also n is 1.

**Remainder** See: department Algorithm.

**Repeating Decimal** A decimal in i m sorry a cycle of one or more digits is recurring infinitely.

**Right Angle** one angle formed by the intersection that perpendicular lines; an angle whose measure up is 90º.

**Right Triangle** A triangle that includes a right angle.

**Sample Space** The collection of all possible outcomes of one experiment.

**Scaffolding** A method of division in i m sorry partial quotients are computed, stacked, and then combined.

**Scalene Triangle** A triangle through all 3 sides of different lengths is dubbed a scalene triangle.

**Scaling**

**Sector** A part of a circle the represents the interior part of the circle in between two radii.

**Sequence** A perform of terms ordered by the organic numbers.

**Set** A arsenal of objects or elements.

**Simple Event** See: Event

**Simplest type of a Fraction** A type of a fraction in i m sorry the greatest common factor of the numerator and also denominator is 1.

**Simplifying** The procedure of finding tantamount fractions to attain the most basic form.

**Skewed** an uneven representation of a collection of data.

**Slant Height** an altitude that a challenge of a pyramid or a cone.

**Square Root** for non-negative numbers x and y, y= x , read “y is same to the square source of x,” method y²= x.

**Stem and also Leaf Plot** A method of reflecting the frequency the a details data through sorting and ordering the values.

**Straight Angle** one angle through a measure of 180 degrees formed by the contrary rays.

**Subset** set B is a subset of collection A if every aspect of set B is likewise an facet of collection A.

**Supplementary** two angles room supplementary if the amount of their actions totals 180º.

**Surface Area** The surface ar area of a three-dimensional number is the area essential to type its exterior.

**Terminating Decimal** If the quotient of a division problem has a remainder of zero, the quotient is claimed to it is in a terminating decimal.

**Tessellation** Tiling the a airplane with one or an ext shapes as a means of covering the airplane with the shape(s) with no gaps or overlaps.

**Theoretical Probability** Probability based on thought experiments fairly than a repertoire of data.

**Translation** A change that slides a number a details distance along a line in a mentioned direction.

**Trapezoid** A 4 sided aircraft figure with exactly one collection of parallel sides.

**Tree Diagram**

**Triangle** A airplane figure through three right edges and three angles.

**Trichotomy** A building stating that exactly one of these statements is true because that each actual number: the is positive, negative, or zero.

**Unit Fraction** for an essence n, the multiplicative train station or mutual of n is the unit fraction 1/n. 1/n is stated to be a unit portion because its numerator is 1.

**Unit Rate** A ratio of 2 unlike quantities that has a denominator of 1 unit.

**Variable** A letter or symbol that represents one unknown quantity.

**Venn Diagram** A diagram entailing two or an ext overlapping circles that aids in arranging data.

**Vertex**

**Vertical Angles** A pair of angle of same measure much less than 180° that are formed by opposite rays of a pair that intersecting lines.

**Vertical Axis** See: coordinate Plane.

**Volume** A measure of space; the number of unit cubes needed to to fill a three-dimensional shape.

See more: 2000 Ford Taurus Serpentine Belt Routing, 2001 Ford Taurus 3

**Whole Numbers** The entirety numbers are the number in the adhering to never-ending sequence: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, .... These numbers are likewise called the non-negative integers.