The figure below shows simply a couple of examples of the color and brilliance that naturally developing ionic crystals. The regular and also orderly arrangement of ions in the crystal lattice is responsible because that the miscellaneous shapes of this crystals, while shift metal ions give rise to the colors.

You are watching: List the characteristics of an ionic bond

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api/deki/files/78206/CK12_Screenshot_8-9-2.png?revision=1" />Figure 3.6.2: (A) The salt chloride decision is displayed in two dimensions. (B) when struck through a hammer, the negatively-charged chloride ion are required near each other and the repulsive force reasons the crystal to shatter.

Conductivity

Another characteristic residential property of ionic compounds is their electrical conductivity. The figure below shows three experiments in which two electrodes that are linked to a light pear are put in beakers comprise three different substances.

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Figure 3.6.3: (A) Distilled water does not conduct electricity. (B) A hard ionic compound also does no conduct. (C) A water solution of an ionic compound conducts electrical energy well.

In the an initial beaker, distilled water does no conduct a current since water is a molecular compound. In the second beaker, solid sodium chloride additionally does not conduct a current. Regardless of being ionic and also thus composed of fee particles, the solid decision lattice walk not allow the ion to move in between the electrodes. Mobile charged particles are compelled for the circuit to be complete and the light pear to light up. In the third beaker, the NaCl has been liquified into the distilled water. Currently the decision lattice has been broken apart and also the individual confident and negative ions can move. Cations move to one electrode, while anions move to the other, allowing electricity to flow (see number below). Melting an ionic compound also frees the ion to conduct a current. Ionic compounds conduct an electric present when melted or dissolved in water. The resolution of ionic compound in water will be discussed in ar 9.3.

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Solution

NaCl(s) → Na+(aq) + Cl–(aq)



Key Takeaways

Ionic compounds have high melt points. Ionic compounds space hard and also brittle. Ionic link dissociate into ions when dissolved in water. Solutions of ionic compounds and also melted ionic compounds conduct electricity, but solid materials do not. An ionic compound deserve to be established by that civicpride-kusatsu.netical formula: steel + nonmetal or polyatomic ions.