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Land Features

Continent - Large consistent area of floor on the earths surface generally surrounded by water.

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Island - body of land smaller sized than a continent the is surrounded by water. (Greenland is the biggest island).

Isthmus - Narrow section of floor connecting two larger land areas, surrounded on two sides by water.

Peninsula - expansion of land surrounding on three sides by water.

Mountain Range - continuous chain or series of mountains.

Plain - Large, low, flat region of land.

Plateau - big area the is high and fairly flat.

Butte - diverted hill v steep sides, smaller sized than a plateau. Typically found in the southwestern unified States.

Mesa - comparable to a plateau, however smaller in size: level on top, cliffs ~ above the sides.

Valley - low area of soil lying between hills that mountains.

Ice Cap - big area of ice number of thousand feet thick covering either floor or water.

Water Features

Ocean - huge body that salt water normally bounded by continent land masses.

Sea - body of water smaller than an s lying in ~ a continent or island group.

Gulf - large area the water partly surrounded through land.

Channel - small body of water lying in between two areas of land.

Bay - small area that water surrounded by soil on 3 sides and also penetrating right into the land.

Lake - smaller body of new water surrounding by land.

Strait - comparable to channel.

Submarine Features

Basin - huge circular depression ~ above the s floor, normally 10,000 to 20,000 feet below sea level.

Ridge - Submerged hill chain. The largest are the mid ocean ridges which sign up with together to kind a function 40,000 mile long.

Rift - Sometimes found on the crest of a Ridge.

Rise - A large elongated key lake a ridge yet having less steep slopes.

Trench - Long and narrow V-shaped depressions often found near a contnent or on the outside of island arcs.

Fracture Zone - zones of rarely often rare topography countless miles long and around 100 mile wide, i beg your pardon separate large regions that the ocean floor having different depths or types of topography.

Continental Shelf - Shallow naval terrace bordering the continents. The shelf deepens progressively to a depth of 600 feet around 50 miles from shore whereby a sudden increase in slope edge marks the optimal of the continental Slope.

Continental Slope - steep from the outer edge that the continental Shelf to the s basin.

Submarine Canyon - Steep-sided gorge cut into the continent Slope and Shelf thought to be cut by underwater operation of sediment called Turbidity Currents.

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Seamount - Submerged mountain, normally of volcano origin, having at least 500 fathoms (3000 feet) the relief. Part seamounts, called guyots, have level tops. They room submerged volcanic islands which had actually their top smoothed by surf and also erosion while lock were above the surface.