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A CPIE Notebook job – common Grasses of Hawai‘iPage iii Separating Grasses from other MonocotsMost grasses are conveniently recognizable together such, although members of several various other plant families do resemble grasses, and also in the lack of flowering structures, can be mistaken for grasses. Flowering tree are split into dicots (germinating seeds produces 2 seed leaves or cotyledons) and monocots (germinating seeds produce a solitary seed leaf). Grasses are monocots, and also their an easy structural characteristics are common of the majoriity the monocotyledonous plants: leaves v parallel veins, fibrous roots, and also other consistent floral and internal frameworks that different from those of dicots (see Monocots vs. Dicots or Monocots and Dicots Chart). Plants that are not grasses—but carefully resemble grasses—are really likely other moncots. Sedges (Family Cyperaceae
) space the most usual grass-like tree encountered in nature. Sedges different from grasses in a variety of respects. Generally, sedges room coarser, the leaves concentrated approximately the basic of a stem (or culm
) or occuring together bracts (one or much more stem or leaf-like appendages below the flower heads), or so lessened in size as to show up absent. The culm might be triangular ("sedges have edges") in cross-section and solid, no hollow (although there space hollow culms in the family). Sedges might be much more abundant than grasses in wetlands or wet areas.Rushes of the family Juncaceae
are fairly uncommon in Hawai‘i, and an ext likely to it is in mistaken for sedges. Bulrush (Schoenoplectus spp.) is actually a sedge through a hole (and mainly rounded) culm. A few other monocots space named, in common parlance, "grasses", but are not. Mondo grass (Ophiopogon spp., household Liliaceae) is one. A number of totally aquatic grass-like plants resemble (but are not) grasses, because that examples: widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima, family Ruppiaceae) and tapegrass (Vallisneria spiralis, family members Hydrocharitaceae).
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These aquatic plants can be keyed the end at Vascular Plants; either choose a plant family from the list listed below the introductory message OR begin at couplet <70>.
I need INSTRUCTIONS
SEDGE, for SURE!
IT IS A GRASS!