Capital letters, also sometimes dubbed uppercased letters, space the taller letter you see when you read. However a letter isn't a funding letter just because it's tall! Every letter the the alphabet has actually a capital version and a lowercased version. The 2 versions don't constantly look the same, as you can see below with the letter A:


When friend capitalize a letter, you're turning it from a lowercased letter into a capital letter. People likewise talk around capitalizing words, which method to capitalize the first letter the the word. In this lesson, we'll walk over the rules the tell you as soon as a word should be capitalized and when it must be lowercased. In general, you have to capitalize:

The very first letter that a sentenceThe letter IPeople and also place namesDates and holidaysProfessional and family titlesGroups and organizationsTitles that books, songs, and also other creative works

Let's go over these one in ~ a time.

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The very first letter the a sentence

The first letter of a sentence is always capitalized, no matter what letter that is. For example, let's look in ~ this sentence:


The letter W in when is capitalized since W is the an initial letter in the sentence. If the sentence said He never shows up for our dates, the letter H would be capitalized. The first letter the sentences that are consisted of in various other sentences are additionally capitalized, favor in this example:


Here, we've capitalized the M in my due to the fact that it's the very first letter of the whole sentence. We've also capitalized the D in don't due to the fact that it's the an initial letter the the sentence the woman's father says.

The letter I

An I through itself refers to a person, therefore it have to be capitalized. For example:


Notice that only the I that shows up by itself is capitalized—you don't should capitalize every I in the sentence.

The I should additionally be capitalized as soon as I is in a convulsion with various other words. Because that instance, the I in I'm is capitalized because I'm is a contraction of I am. I've is a contraction of I have, so I is capitalized over there too. What about a contraction choose it's? due to the fact that the I in it's represents it, it need to be lowercased.

People and also place names

The very first letters of name are constantly capitalized. This is true because that people's names favor Joe and place names choose Georgia.


On this envelope, Dracula Smith's name, street, city, and state room all capitalized. An alert that the indigenous Big, Tooth, and Lane room all capitalized due to the fact that they space all component of Dracula's street address.

Dates and also holidays

Months, days, and holidays need to all it is in capitalized. Let's take it a look in ~ this example:


In this sentence, Thanksgiving and day are both capitalized because they are component of a holiday name. (Thanksgiving is likewise the first word the the sentence). Thursday is the name of a day, and also November is the name of a month. If you're not certain whether come capitalize a holiday name, ask you yourself if the name would be printed top top a calendar. Vacation names that would be published on calendars need to be capitalized.

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Unlike dates and holidays, the periods of the year aren't normally capitalized. You must only capitalize a season if it's component of a details name, like the Fall semester or the Winter book sale.

Four out of five of the capital letters in this picture are correct. Use what you just learned to decision which ones space correct, then click the dots to see if you're right!