In relationship to each other, covalent bonds are the strongest, adhered to by ionic, hydrogen bond, Dipole-Dipole Interactions and Van der Waals forces (Dispersion Forces).
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Covalent Bonds :
These bonds are the strongest out of the list. This are referred to as intramolecular bonds, whilst the rest are referred to as intermolecular forces.
Covalent bonds space the bonds between atoms produced when the atoms share electrons. This bonds develop such security in the atoms, that they often tend to be challenging to break, subsequently making them really strong.
For example, diamonds are very strong, hard and have a exceptionally high melting point due to the the structure of the covalent network and the circulation of the common electrons in between the carbon atoms (covalent bond).
These bonds space the 2nd strongest the end of the list. These occur due to:
For example, salt chloride consists of Na+ ions and Cl- ion bound together.
These are strong and maintained together by the electro-static attraction between the an unfavorable and positively fee ions.
Hydrogen bonds space not accually bonds, and also are accually a specific type of dipole-dipole interaction. They space stronger than common dipole-dipole They happen due to:
Molecules having a long-term net dipole (difference in electronegativity) from hydrogen gift covalently bonded to either fluorine, oxygen or nitrogen.
For example, hydrogen bonds operate between water, ammonia and also hydrogen fluoride.
I included this to the explanation even thought the wasn"t in the concern as i assumed it is a very important force in chemistry. Dipole-Dipole Interactions are stronger 보다 Dispersion forces. They occur due to:
The much more electronegative atom pulls the mutual electrons toward itself. That way that one atom has actually a partial negative charge, and the other atom has a partial an adverse charge.
For example, H-Cl has a dipole as result of the difference in electronegativity between the hydrogen atom and chlorine atom. The electrons spend an ext of their time near the Cl atom.
A dipole-dipole interaction is the attraction in between two polar molecules. When they approach each other, the an adverse end one molecule attracts the positive finish of the other.
Dispersion forces (Van der Waals forces):
Dispersion pressures are an extremely weak pressures of attraction. They take place due to:
Momentary dipoles arising due come uneven electron distribution in neighbouring molecules together they technique one another.
The weak residual attraction of the nuclei in one molecule for the electron in a adjoining molecule.
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The an ext electrons the are present in the molecule, the more powerful the dispersion forces will be.