Vincent Ogé was a member that the cost-free colored planter class in Saint-Domingue. He traveled to Paris, France during the French revolution and dealt with alongside Julien Raimond because that the legal rights of the island’s cost-free colored people. His activism led to his execution in 1791.

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Vincent Ogé Jeune (the Younger) was born circa 1755 in Dondon parish in Saint-Domingue, (present-day Haiti). He was born come Jacques Ogé, a white man, and Angélique Ossé, a mulatta. He prospered up in a wealthy family that had actually inherited a coffee plantation. In ~ a young age, he was sent to Bordeaux, France to be the apprentice the a goldsmith. This enabled him to build his fortune together a merchant and returned to Saint-Domingue whereby he soon became part of the greater ranks of society as one of the wealthiest complimentary colored planter that Saint-Domingue.

In Paris, September 1789, Ogé started working through a small group of complimentary colored artisans and servants: the Colons Américains (American Colonists). Together, they created a cahier de doléances (book that grievances) worrying the French colonies, addressed to the national Assembly. Amongst other things, this message demanded the depiction of complimentary blacks in the government, the opportunity of being part of the justice system and the military, the appropriate to education and, most of all, for black and white human being to be cure equally. This petition was rejected by the French nationwide Assembly. Vincent Ogé was later on a member that the Société d’Amis des Noirs (Society of the friends of Blacks) in Paris, which combated for the legal rights of black color people.

After further petitioning, in march 28 that 1790, the nationwide Assembly in Paris ratified a decree which, although it did not mention people that color, granted colonies the appropriate to form a neighborhood Assembly, and enabled all totally free people that the nest to be part of this regional government. However, lot to the disappointed of Ogé and also other activists, this decree to be never completely enforced.

In October 1790, Ogé returned to his hometown and with the help of Jean-Baptiste Chavanne, started gathering fellow people of color who were similarly eager come enforce justice. In a letter come the Assembly in Le Cap, that warned that he was all set to take up arms if the in march 1790 decree was no enforced. Ogé and Chavanne were met with no response, other than from the comte Peinier, governor of the colony, that demanded the they stopped their activism. Ogé, Chavanne, and their followers, who were now wanted by the early american army, fought ago before ultimately fleeing to the Spanish component of the island. In November 1790, they to be caught and sent ago to Le Cap, where both Ogé and Chavanne were eventually executed by the wheel in the city’s publicly square in February 1791.

Vincent Ogé’s execution caused rising tensions in between white people and also people of shade in Saint-Domingue. Although he was no an abolitionist, his activism and also the violence that his execution are most certainly linked come the slave uprisingthat came to be the Haitian Revolution in respectable 1791, and the extension of voting civil liberties to cost-free colored people by the nationwide Assembly in Paris that same year.

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John D. Garrigus, “Vincent Ogé Jeune (1757–91): Social class and complimentary Colored Mobilization top top the eve of the Haitian Revolution” The Americas Volume 68, Number 1, (July 2011); Pamphile de Lacroix, La Révolution de Haïti. Republication that the original 1819 text. (Paris, Karthala, 1995); “Cahier, contenant les plaintes, doléances & réclamations des citoyens-libres & propriétaires de couleur, des island & colonies françoises,” Book that grievances by the team Colons Américains, initial text. 1789.