If or Whether?

Keep that simple. Usage "if" to introduce a condition. In all various other circumstances, use "whether." (This judgment will check out you right, yet there are various other options.)A condition is miscellaneous that must be satisfied prior to something else occurs. For example (conditions shaded): If that rains, bring in the tables.("If the rains" is a condition. This is called a conditional sentence.) add a allude if I get the ideal answer.("If I acquire the appropriate answer" is a condition. This is another example of a conditional sentence.)

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More around "If" and "Whether"

The native "if" and "whether" are periodically interchangeable. However, this is not constantly the case.

Whether and If (Interchangeable)

"Whether" and also "if" have the right to be offered interchangeably in the adhering to two circumstances:(1) when reporting yes/no questions.
i am unsure whether I will be attending the party. i am unsure if I will be attending the party. (In this example, the yes/no concern is "Am i attending the party?") zenit wondered whether she had actually unplugged the iron. Janice wondered if she had unplugged the iron. (In this example, the yes/no question is "Did zenit unplug the iron?")(2) In whether/if...or...constructions. ns would prefer to know whether it is a true story or fabricated. ns would favor to recognize if that is a true story or fabricated. (Note: using "whether" is far much more common. That is certainly much more formal.)


In the following five circumstances, "whether" should be used:(1) To existing two choices (neither of which is a condition). notify the salesman whether mark needs a seat. (In this example, the two options are "Mark requirements a seat" and "Mark does not require a seat." The salesman is to be notified in one of two people case.) inform the salesman if note needs a seat. (This sentence is not grammatically wrong, however it does not typical the very same as the first example. In this example, the salesman is just to be notified if note needs a seat. Therefore, mark needing a seat is a condition. This is a conditional sentence. Check out the section on "If" below.) allow Anna recognize whether the boss is maybe to walk to Crowborough. (In this example, the two options are "going" and also "not going." Anna demands to know the answer nevertheless of which is chosen.) allow Anna understand if the ceo is able to walk to Crowborough. (This sentence is no grammatically wrong, however it walk not mean the same as the one above. In this example, Anna demands only to be told if the boss is going come Crowborough.)(2) ~ prepositions. i would choose to talk about whether you space going to California. (The word "about" is a preposition.) in ~ this point, the flight attendant makes the decision on whether the passenger stays on the aircraft. (The word "on" is a preposition.)(3) before infinitive verbs starting "to" (e.g., whether to ask). I have been thinking whether to prosper my very own tomatoes this year. ("To grow" is an infinitive verb)(4) as soon as "whether" start a i that is the sentence topic or complement. even if it is you sink or swimming is not my concern. ("Whether friend sink or swim" is the subject of this sentence.) ns don"t care whether you sink or swim. ("Whether friend sink or swim" is the match of the verb "to care.")(5) In formal writing.When "if" and "whether" are interchangeable, select "whether" in officially writing. Ns doubt whether the team will certainly succeed. Please develop a committee to recognize whether the proposed resources lines are appropriate.


Use "if" to present a condition (i.e., in a conditional sentence). In a conditional sentence, a condition has to it is in satisfied prior to something occurs.Examples: If friend sing, I"ll salary you ten pounds. Peter will record you if you fall.

The phrase "Whether or Not"

When utilizing the phrase "whether or not," the "or not" is regularly superfluous (i.e., not required). However, once "whether or not" means "regardless of whether," the "or not" part is required.Example sentences with "whether or not": Reprimand kris whether or no he is ~ above time today. ("...regardless of even if it is he is ~ above time today.") The parade will certainly go ahead even if it is it rain or not. ("...regardless of even if it is it rains.")(Note: there is leniency on wherein the "or not" is placed. The does not have to follow automatically after "whether.")
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See Also

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