Once you’ve paraphrased the message you’re studying, you can move on to a near reading. This is whereby you number out how the message creates meaning. What type of patterns deserve to you spot? go the text have actually a certain type (e.g., a genre, plot, rhythm, etc.)? Is the text unified or room there gaps, contradictions, or ironic moments?

Remember that evaluation is an ext than spotting a simile or metaphor. It’s around understanding how all the piece of the puzzle right together.

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Form and Function

Every text has actually a details shape and also form. Here we testimonial the poetic attributes of Wordsworth’s “I Wandered Lonely together a Cloud.”


This city is a brief lyric, a reasonably brief poem that defines the speaker’s emotions. Text don’t so much tell a story as explain a spatu experience. Wordsworth made decision this type not only to to express his strong feelings about nature, but also because the lyric has actually a simplicity and also directness the itself appears natural.

Rhyme Scheme

Each stanza that “I Wandered Lonely together a Cloud” rhymes ABABCC. The last 2 lines of each stanza thus form a rhyming couplet, which offers a sense of closure after the previous flowing lines.


Wordsworth composed his city in iambic tetrameter. An iamb (adjective: iambic) is a collection of 2 syllables wherein the very first syllable is unstressed (u) and the second stressed (/). The word meter describes the rate of the poem, and tetra- means four. Iambic tetrameter therefore refers to a rate that consists of four iambs (u / u / u / u/).

Wordsworth decided this meter because this anxiety pattern sound easy and natural. That fits his Romantic concept that poetic language should avoid artificiality. In addition, the present are fairly short, i m sorry again provides the poem more direct and accessible.

Literary Devices


Not every poem uses the exact same literary devices, which method not just that we need to attune ourselves come a good many poetic techniques, but also that every an option is significant.

“I Wandered Lonely together a Cloud” includes a variety of similes and also metaphors. The similes occur early on in the city (“as a cloud”; “as the stars”). After the the poem becomes much more metaphorical. One of the many pervasive metaphors is that the flowers are dancing. Words is offered in some form in every stanza of the city (dancing, dance, danced, dances). The totality poem, then, is complete of movement.

Most that the metaphors involve an aspect of personification. Personification method that the poet attributes human characteristics to non-human things. Come Wordsworth, the daffodils look choose a “crowd” or a “host” of people. They cheerfully toss your “heads” (12), know how to dance, and provide great “company” (16), which is an ext than can be claimed of part individuals.

Why does Wordsworth usage personification so extensively? His suggest is the he feels much more at house in nature than in society; he is in reality not “lonely” (1) at all once he spends time gazing in ~ flowers.

A the majority of readers have uncovered this a rather odd attitude. Flowers room nice enough, but isn’t Wordsworth exaggerating a bit? He certainly is: the poem is full of hyperbole, i beg your pardon is a poetic term for the sort of exaggeration the is provided for emphasis and is not supposed to be taken literally. Wordsworth claims that he witnessed “ten thousand … at a glance” (11), and that “they stretched in never finishing line” (9). Seems a little bit over the top, doesn’t it?

Yet Wordsworth’s ton is serious. He defines the scene as if this is exactly how it really was. And if us agree through the Romantic idea the our expertise of nature is constantly subjective, then we cannot yes, really fault Wordsworth for making use of such cool imagery. Native an emotional point of watch this is exactly what Wordsworth saw. That literally felt as lonely together a cloud prior to feeling as if he might dance through the daffodils. Together is the power of the imagination.

What is many remarkable about the poem is that in spite of all the hyperbole, the city still feel natural and also unforced. It’s as if Wordsworth is simply talking come us. This is partially the effect of enjambment, a poetic an equipment where the poet does no conclude his believed at the end of each poetic line. Rather the sentence continues across the end of the heat without a pause. Here, because that example, space the opened lines the the third stanza: “The waves as well as them danced; however they / Out-did the sparkling tide in glee” (13-14).

Ultimately, however, it’s increase to us whether we are willing to indulge Wordsworth in his imaginative flight or if we’re also jaded to understand just how a bunch of wild daffodils have the right to lift a person out the depression. The truth is the we’re not simply reading the text: the message is also reading us, exposing precisely who us are and what us believe.

The big Picture

Wordsworth’s poem is composed of two sections. The very first three stanzas describe how the speaker felt in the moment; the critical stanza relates how the memory of the scene subsequently affected him. In both instances, the speak feels “lonely” (1) or experiences “solitude” (22), however each time the daffodils offer him pleasure.

The scene also retains a type of freshness and an capacity to surprise. Wordsworth come upon the daffodils “all at once” (3), and ever after your memory pertains to him in a “flash” (21). Nature seems to sneak up and also catch the unawares.

However, there room some differences in between the two experiences. When Wordsworth an initial sees the daffodils, he is overwhelmed by the sight, and in the spontaneity of the minute he doesn’t recognize exactly how precious the endure truly is (17-18). By contrast, the memory of the event may not be as intense, yet the poet is much more self-conscious. The knows now “what wide range the show … had actually brought” (18).

By contrasting the 2 experiences, Wordsworth is trying out a concern that fascinated the Romantics: if the fullest experience of nature is to shed oneself fully in “gazing” on a beautiful scene, does the realization that one is enjoy it oneself no shatter illusion and also end the trance? Similarly, how can a poem capture such a minute accurately? writing a city is a rather active process involving a great deal the thought and also revision, whereas the experience itself leaves the poet passive and overwhelmed.

While the poem raises these questions, it never ever treats them as a serious problem. The motion from the an initial three stanzas to the last one is seamless. Despite becoming much more self-aware, the poet continues to uncover joy in nature and makes the poetic process seem effortless and spontaneous.

Perhaps that is what renders this one of Wordsworth’s ideal poems: not only does it show the nature can be magical and that our creativity adds come the effect, but it also allows us to totally immerse ourselves in nature without emotion embarrassed or as well self-aware.

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Our nearby reading has actually not extended every last element of the poem–it just shows what is possible. In the next lessons us will start to administer some context and look in ~ the text through different an important lenses. Vice versa, a close analysis works generally with the patterns uncovered in the text, there room many an ext perspectives that can enrich our knowledge of the poem.