L>ANTS: Facts about ants
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JOHN and SARAH complimentary MATERIALS (C) 1996 Instructions for teachers

1 Like all insects, ants have actually six legs. Every leg has actually three joints. The legs of the ant space very solid so they can run really quickly. If a man might run as fast for his dimension as one ant can, he can run as quick as a racehorse. Ants can lift 20 times their own body weight. An ant brain has around 250 000 mind cells. A human brain has 10,000 million for this reason a nest of 40,000 ants has collectively the same size brain as a human.
2 The mean life expectancy of an ant is 45-60 days. Ants usage their antenae not just for touch, but additionally for their feeling of smell. The head of the ant has actually a pair the large, strong jaws. The jaws open and also shut sideways prefer a pair of scissors. Adult ants can not chew and also swallow solid food. Instead they gulp down the juice which lock squeeze from piece of food. They litter away the dry part that is left over. The ant has actually two eyes, every eye is do of numerous smaller eyes.
3 They are referred to as compound eyes. The abdomen the the ant includes two stomachs. One stomach hold the food because that itself and second stomach is because that food come be mutual with various other ants. Prefer all insects, the external of your body is covered with a hard armour this is dubbed the exoskeleton. Ants have 4 distinct cultivation stages, the egg, larva, pupa and also the adult. Biologist classify ants as a special group of wasps. (Hymenoptera Formicidae) There space over 10000 known types of ants. Each ant swarm has at the very least one or an ext queens.

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4 The job of the queen is to lay eggs which the worker ants look after. Worker ants are sterile, castle look for food, look after the young, and defend the colony from undesirable visitors. Ants space clean and tidy insects. Part worker ants are provided the job of taking the rubbish native the nest and putting it external in a one-of-a-kind rubbish dump! Each swarm of ants has actually its very own smell. In this way, intruders can be recognized immediately. Plenty of ants such together the common Red varieties have a sting i beg your pardon they usage to protect their nest.
5 The usual Black Ants and Wood Ants have no sting, but they can squirt a spray the formic acid. Part birds placed ants in your feathers since the ants squirt formic acid which it s okay rid that the parasites. The Slave-Maker Ant (Polyergus Rufescens) raids the colonies of various other ants and also steals your pupae. When these brand-new ants hatch,they occupational as servants within the colony. The worker ants save the eggs and larvae in various groups according to ages.
6 At night the worker ants move the eggs and larvae deep right into the nest to protect them native the cold. During the daytime, the worker ants relocate the eggs and larvae the the colony to the height of the colony so that they deserve to be warmer. If a worker ant has discovered a great source because that food, it pipeline a trace of scent so that the various other ants in the swarm can discover the food. Army Ants are nomadic and they are constantly moving. They carry their larvae and also their eggs with them in a long column.
7 The army Ant (Ecitron Burchelli) of southern America, deserve to have as countless as 700,000 members in that is colony. The sheet Cutter Ants room farmers. They reduced out piece of leaves which castle take ago to your nests. Lock chew them right into a pulp and a distinct fungus grow it. Ants can not digest leaves since they cannot digest cellulose. Many civilization think ants are a pest but I choose them.

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To stop them coming into my kitchen I placed some sugar outside. Castle they have so lot to eat the they are not interested in coming right into my kitchen.
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