Thinking about getting a household cow? You’ll love the remarkable taste the the milk and also have lot of of new cream!

How lot will you gain a day and what can you perform to manage her production?

Your cow will most most likely milk between 2-3 gallons per day. This will certainly vary with feeding, stage of lactation, age, health and also breed of cow.

Congratulations, this is amazing stuff!

We have had a household cow for years, a Jersey named Aleene. (She was part of ours herd as soon as we milked because that a living.)

We love the plentiful milk and are large believers in drink it real (you could say raw).

If friend are an ext comfortable through pasteurizing your milk, walk for it! good news, it’s your milk therefore you have the right to do together you please!


Here’s my video clip on how to milk a cow. It’s easy, once you obtain a tiny practice.

You are watching: How many gallons of milk can a cow produce

We’ll go over just how much milk you deserve to expect from your cow and what you can do monitoring wise that will adjust the lot she produces.

Good management and also husbandry of your cow will will help her live her hereditary potential.

Poor administration and/or husbandry will have her living and also performing below her potential.

There are boundaries of production, greatly individual capacity and phase of lactation, however all cows deserve to be controlled for greater or lower production.

Cow Amount that milk
Jersey, peak lactation3 gallons per day
Jersey, mid lactation2 gallons every day
Jersey, late lactation1.5 gallons per day

Your cow will milk 2-3 gallons every day

Our cow produces 2-3 gallons every day, together an average.

You can count top top at least a gallon a day, also in the late stages that lactation when she is at her lowest milk every day.

If you space considering a cow that has actually production records, this is easy. Milk production is measure in pounds and there room 8 pounds come a gallon.

Here’s one example: the manufacturing records state the the cow that your selection is producing 24 pounds of milk every day. Division 24 through 8 to get 3 gallons that milk every day.

Remember, her cow will milk the amount the is biologically ideal for she in the atmosphere you provide for her.

Her daily environment has how girlfriend treat her and what she eats.

You execute not need to feed grain

No, her cow does not need grain! we don’t feeding Aleene grain, ever. But, and also this is a pretty huge but, our cow does simply fine without grain.

She keeps on weight, she appears happy and she has plenty that grass or hay come eat to gain all the nutrition she needs.

If and/or when Aleene looks favor she needs some grain, we will certainly happily provide it come her. Until then, she is doing fine without it.

Milk Cow management ChoiceMilk manufacturing Result(vs she potential production)
No grain to cowlower
High top quality pasturehigh
Low quality pasturelower
Varying routine, particularly milking timelower
High stress, consisting of weatherlower
Restricted water intake(including slippery/icy footing to obtain the water)lower
Cow is fatlower
Cow is thinlower
Cow is fine fed with slick hair coathigh
Higher or reduced production is contrasted to your cow’s individual ability, i m sorry is a combination of genetics and environment (which you control through management).

Aleene (our Jersey) milks 2-3 gallons every day

For us, Aleene to produce 2-3 gallons that milk per day.

She is not fed grain and is provided the flexibility to roam around the barnyard and close fields as she chooses.

She always has access to grass, yet in the winter she needs hay together well.

The plus next of this hand off style is she simply needs accessibility to many of hay, in reality it’s haylage, and water and also she takes care of herself.

The under side the this device is she will poop where ever and also we need to be vigilant about keeping the door to the feeding shut!

Why am I telling you this? What Aleene eats and how she feels, happy or stressed, short or high power food, will all affect how much milk she produces in ~ a particular point in she lactation.

The exact same will it is in true for your cow.

Look closely, you deserve to see the cream line on the milk! thank you, Aleene!

A few lactation basics, supply and also demand

The milk a cow produces complies with what is called a lactation curve.

The curve really looks more like a mountain: with a steep next to the height then a more gentle slope ago to the bottom.

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Here is a graph the a share lactation curve. Cows deserve to calve year round, therefore the peak can happen any month. If you want grass based milk, setup the calving date accordingly.

Milk manufacturing is based on supply and demand, you take the milk she renders more.

You leaving the milk (skip milkings or differ times that milkings) she interprets that as you leaving the milk therefore she makes less.

For more info read my write-up How come Hand Milk A Cow for every the details on milking by hand.

Her milk manufacturing will top at about 6 weeks ~ freshening (having a baby) then it will progressively taper off as the lactation period continues.

How lengthy she remains at top production and how quick she tapers turn off in production are based off of genetics and also your management.

The ideal milk cow calving cycle is 12 months

Ideally, you will have she bred earlier at 3 month after freshening. This will placed her top top a one year manufacturing cycle.

Being a month or so later is not a large deal, however will relocate the birth of the calf and therefore the begin of milking back.

Not a large deal unless you get multiple months turn off schedule space are counting on grass based milk.

If you need her to freshen in ~ a specific time for your area, detecting heats and also getting she bred back for the suitable time is critical.

She will certainly ideally be dry (you space no much longer milking her) at 10 months, therefore she will have 2 month turn off of milking until she has an additional baby at around 12 month (close come the same day of critical year’s calf).

If she’s no bred, store milking her!

As I pointed out above, ideally your cow will remain on a 12 month schedule.

For a commercial dairy product this is a pretty huge deal, since maintaining this 12 month schedule is the best means to keep a cow healthy and rewarding at the same time.

For you, most likely not such a large deal.

Just be mindful the much longer it takes to gain her bred back, the additional away from much more milk you will be if she dries up faster than you had actually planned on.

You can help your family cow produce an ext milk

Keep she in great healthKeep a milking scheduleFeed her more high power foodBe certain she has actually easy access to waterShe needs a comfortable ar to cave outKeep she udder soft

Keep her milk cow in great health

How can you phone call f she is healthy, friend ask? It’s in reality pretty easy. She should have actually a slick, shining hair coat.

In the winter the hair coat v be thicker and longer, but it still need to look nice.

Another easy way to point out a healthy and balanced cow is the she is laying down chewing her cud. When a cow is full, she relaxes and chews she cud.

If you room not seeing lot cud chewing climate look right into what could be missing.

She should be eating, drink or chewing her cud any time friend look at her. If not, execute some investigating.

Keep come a milking schedule, cows love routine

You must milk her cow twice a day together close to 12 hours apart as you can. As soon as you milk doesn’t matter, just pick a time and also stick to it. Cows love routine!

If you require to adjust the milking time, do the readjust slowly over a few days.

Your cow can’t call the difference between 6:15 and 6:30, however she certainly knows the difference between 6:15 and 10:15!

Some world like come milk simply once per day, the calf handle the milk the rest of the day. That will certainly work, as lengthy as you save to a routine.

Cows develop milk based upon demand. Once you miss out on milking time, her body thinks that the need for milk has lessened so she provides less.

Having one erratic milking schedule method you will acquire less milk from her cow.

Feed her milk cow more high power food

You can give your cow a little bit of serial or a flake of yes, really nice hay (not the totality bale!) and see if that bump up her production.

Don’t go crazy here, present high power feeds a small at a time come make sure her digestive system has actually time come adjust.

Be sure your milk cow has actually easy access to water

Your cow requirements a many water and also she needs to have the ability to get come it easily. Her cow must never be brief on water.

Limited water=lowered milk production

Your cow have to confidently walk to the ar where she gets water.

Slippery footing, slick or wet concrete, stairs. Etc. Room all points cows do not like and also will stop walking end if castle can.

Cow familiar water placement increases milk production.

Your milk cow requirements a comfortable ar to hang out

Once your cow is full, she wants a comfortable place to put down and chew her cud.

It must be fine bedded and at a comfortable temperature for her, cows favor it cooler than friend do.

If you space in shorts and also a T-shirt, she is obtaining hot. If you space in a sweatshirt and jeans, she is happy.

Keep her cow’s udder soft, monitor skin condition

Our cow, Aleene, generally has soft skin, therefore she doesn’t generally need udder cream or moisturizing teat dip.

Occasionally, favor if she it s okay muddy or lays under in poo, the skin of her udder can get irritated.

I notice the dryness first at the peak of the teat, whereby it starts come widen out to the udder floor.

I simply take part bag balm or petroleum jelly out with me the following milking and also rub the in together I milk.

Ideally, take it some with you when you walk to milk her, so over there is no delay in moisturizing the skin.

The dryness/irritation walk not straight lower milk production, it makes relocating the skin hurt, like as soon as your skin crack or you have actually a cut.

Save yourself the potential kicking and also keep the skin supple.

Your milk cow can milk an ext than friend need

Aleene constantly produces more milk in a day than we can use. I skim cream off of the gallons that get ahead the us, then we dump the rest.

Hard come hear ns know, but we would quite dump milk than hazard lowering production. She doesn’t obtain grain, therefore this is she normal.

This is a great problem to have!

Sometimes you simply don’t need quite that much milk, so fairly than dumping that you can just change your administration a small and alleviate milk production slightly. (Emphasis top top a little and slightly!)

Remove the grain from your milk cow’s diet

If her cow is a genuine go getter milk wise and also you space swimming in milk, however still feeding grain, cut back the grain.

Or even remove the serial completely. This is only for a cow in good body condition, if her cow is thin do not reduced her calorie intake!

Cattle perform not need grain, your cow is the same. Serial is a fast, easy source of supplemental energy. Her gal clearly doesn’t need it.

Cut it earlier slowly and see exactly how she encounters the change. As long as she stays full and also keeps a slick hair coat she is fine.

If she has actually a tough time adjusting, increase the quality of the forage she’s eating.

Be aware, for some cows this drop in milk production is not reversible (this lactation).

Some cows will not go earlier up in milk production if you decide to add back in an ext energy to try to increase milk after you have actually tried to lower it.

Some cows will certainly hop ago up in production, some will not.

Breed of cow matters for milk production

Yes, the breed that cow does matter as far as milk production and also personality characteristics. That’s the quick answer.

The much longer answer is the all individuals will differ off that the regular for a group.

An easy way to think of this is if you have actually siblings, you and your brothers and also sisters space not carbon duplicates of one another.

Sometimes siblings deserve to be fairly different, also with the exact same parents and also same environment growing up. It’s the same thing will certainly all animals, consisting of cows.

The each other descriptions the dairy livestock will give you generalizations that will be true across the breed, specifically when comparing a breed together a group to another breed together a group.

Once you relocate to the separation, personal, instance level, the differences between cows that the exact same breed really begin to show.

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Specifically, it is all around the individual cow that you have actually or room considering buying.

Don’t be together concerned around breed. Think about much more important points like mindset (super important!) and also teat length.

I have an post on picking a family members cow, consisting of a checklist of points to watch for and also deal breakers come watch out for!