Note: practice quizzes are available only because that those part of the hand-operated covering rules of the road (Chapters 4 through 11 and also Road Signs).

You are watching: How does impaired driving rank as a highway safety problem


You have actually probably heard the facts before - driving if impaired or intoxicated is a significant traffic safety trouble in the unified States. In brand-new York State, an ext than 40 percent of all highway deaths show off impaired driving. Yet the facts and statistics perform not call the whole story. Behind the numbers room thousands that lives reduced short, permanent or disabling injuries, and families devastated since someone drove if under the affect of alcohol or various other drugs.

When girlfriend drink alcohol or take various other drugs, safe driving is no possible. No every impaired or intoxicated driver causes a traffic crash, but each one is dangerous, placing the lives of self or herself and also those sharing the roadway at risk.

Young people, who have actually less suffer with alcohol or drugs and driving, space at high risk. Drivers under period 21 are around 4 percent of the driving population, yet 7 percent that the impaired drivers involved in deadly crashes. This is one reason the driver patent revocation penalties are much more severe for young chauffeurs who journey under the affect of alcohol or various other drugs.

Because control "under the influence" is therefore dangerous, the penalties for alcohol or drug-related violations are tough and enforcement is important. The possibility of apprehension and conviction space high and brand-new York State legislation strictly limits your capability to plea bargain as soon as charged v an offense concerned alcohol or drugs.


Alcohol delays her reaction time, to reduce your capability to watch clearly, alters your referee of speed and distances, frequently makes you much less inhibited and makes you an ext prone to take chances. The important an abilities you need to drive safely room made weaker.

Because her vision is normally minimal at night, it is particularly dangerous to drink and also drive after ~ dark. Alcohol likewise reduces your capacity to recover from the glare the headlights. When an additional vehicle moves towards you, you deserve to be blinded through its headlights for a long duration of time.

You perform not need to look or feeling intoxicated for these things to occur. The symptoms of alcohol intake can begin long prior to you come to be intoxicated or also legally impaired and also begin v the an initial drink.

As alcohol physically borders your capacity to drive, it also makes you less aware of what is happening to her safe driving abilities. The becomes complicated for you to judge her condition. Girlfriend can gain confidence about driving, once you need to not it is in driving at all.

During every mile friend drive, you make thousands of decisions. Your decisions turn into actions that keep your car controlled and ensure you protect against crashes. Alcohol renders it daunting to make correct decisions and also to take it the the safest actions.

For example: You have just quit at a stop sign. Girlfriend see another vehicle draw close the intersection. You must easily make a decision whether it is safe to go through the intersection. Under the affect of alcohol, girlfriend are an ext likely to do a dorn decision and also "take a chance.” Your slower reaction time, and the poor decision, could reason a crash.



Drugs, which encompass prescription and also over-the-counter medications, can impact your capacity to drive. They have the right to have effects comparable to alcohol or even worse. If you take it medication, even a remedy because that colds or allergies the is not prescribed, examine the label for warnings about its effects. If you room unsure, ask your doctor or pharmacist about driving while on the medication.

Never drink alcohol if you space taking various other drugs. It might be dangerous, regularly enhancing the results of the alcohol and also the other drug. Because that example, acquisition one drink while friend are additionally using a cold remedy could influence you as much as number of drinks.

It have the right to be a criminal offense to journey while impaired through the result of drugs,alcohol, or the mix of alcohol and also drugs, including cannabis, marijuana, and/or illegal drugs such as however not limited to cocaine, LSD, heroin, opium, and also by part prescription drugs. Drugs can influence your reflexes, judgment, vision and also alertness in ways comparable to alcohol and they may have actually other dangerous results as well.

A mix of alcohol and also other medicine severely to reduce your ability to drive and also can reason serious wellness problems, which can include death.


ALCOHOL, other DRUGS and also THE LAW

In brand-new York State, you can be arrested because that of these offenses: aggravated driving if intoxicated (Agg-DWI), driving if intoxicated (DWI), driving through a blood alcohol content of .08 percent or much more (.08 BAC), steering while ability impaired through a medicine (DWAI-drug), driving while ability impaired through alcohol (DWAI), or steering under the linked influence that alcohol and drugs.

Blood alcohol content (BAC) is the percentage of alcohol in your blood and also is normally identified by a chemical check of breath, blood, to pee or saliva. A BAC of much more than .05 percent is legal evidence that you room impaired, a BAC of .08 percent or higher is evidence of intoxication, and a BAC that .18 percent or more is evidence of aggravated driving if intoxicated. human being think chemical test evidence is required to prove you to be intoxicated or impaired. However, the of a police officer about the way you drive, your appearance and behavior as soon as arrested can provide enough evidence to convict you, even without a chemistry test.

If girlfriend are found guilty the alcohol or drug-related violation, the court need to revoke or suspend her driver license once you are sentenced. Even if the court allows you to continue driving for 20 days, her driver license will be bring away immediately.

The BAC standards and penalties for commercial chauffeurs are even tougher than those shown in this chapter. For finish information, see ar 1 that the advertisement Driver"s hands-on (CDL-10).



Your blood alcohol contents (BAC) depends on:

How much alcohol friend drink.How much time passes in between drinks.Your weight.

Your BAC walk not count on the type of beverage friend drink, exactly how fit you space or just how you can "hold her liquor."

Different species of drinks perform not affect you differently. That is the quantity of alcohol girlfriend consume, no whether the is in beer, wine or liquor that raises her BAC and reduces your driving ability. These drink contain about the very same amount of alcohol - 1 1/2 ounces the liquor, 5 ounces that wine, 12 ounces that beer and also 12 ounces of wine cooler. Nobody is "safer come drink" than the others.

For a 150-pound male , each among these drinks has enough alcohol to rise his BAC by around .02 percent. Top top average, the takes the body about one hour to eliminate that lot alcohol. Studies show that a woman will take longer to procedure and remove alcohol indigenous the blood. This can reason a greater BAC over a longer period of time.


Compared to the 150-pound male described above, your body weight deserve to make some distinction in the BAC and the impacts of alcohol. No one has immunity come the effects of alcohol. The is a an easy fact: the much more you drink in a given period of time, the greater your BAC will certainly be and also the less safe you will certainly drive.

It takes just a few drinks to rise your BAC to levels at which that is illegal to drive. And also remember, the impacts of alcohol ~ above your ability to drive begin at even lower BAC levels after just one drink.

Eating before or while girlfriend drink helps slow the absorb of alcohol somewhat, yet it have the right to not prevent intoxication or handicap if you have actually too lot to drink.

The only method to successfully reduce your BAC is to not drink end a period of time. Coffee, exercise and also cold showers cannot reduce your BAC and the results of alcohol. They can help you continue to be awake, yet it can not adjust your BAC or do you sober.



Chemical tests usage blood, breath, urine or saliva to measure the BAC of a person. If you are arrested because that an alcohol or drug-related violation, the police officer will likely request that you submit to a chemical test. Under brand-new York"s "Implied Consent" law, as soon as you journey a vehicle in this state you are considered to have currently given your consent to take this form of test.

Chemical test refusal is a separate problem from even if it is you to be guilty of one alcohol or drug-related violation. If friend refuse to take the check after gift arrested, your driver license will certainly be suspended as soon as you are arraigned in court ~ above the alcohol or other drug-related charge. In addition, the reality that you refuse a chemistry test deserve to be brought up in court once you space tried ~ above the alcohol or drug-related charge. If a hearing later on confirms you refuse the test, her driver license will certainly be revoked even if girlfriend are found not guilty that the alcohol or various other drug-related violation. Because that information around driver license revocations and civil penalties for chemical check refusals, see Alcohol and also Drug driving Violations.





1st violation (Misdemeanor)Minimum $1,000 best $2,500Up come 1 yearMinimum 1-Year Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up to 4 yearsMinimum 18-Month Revocation


1st offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500 Maximum $1,000Up come 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation (DWI); Minimum 6-Month Suspension (DWAI-D)
2nd Offense (Class E in ~ 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up to 4 years (DWI & DWAI-D); minimum 5 job jail or 30 job of community business (for DWI in ~ prior 5 years)Minimum 1-Year Revocation


1st Offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500  preferably $1,000Up to 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000  best $5,000Up come 4 yearsMinimum 1-Year Revocation


DRIVING WHILE capability IMPAIREDDWAI (more than .05 approximately .07 Blood Alcohol content )CONVICTIONFINE just * JAIL SENTENCEREQUIRED LICENSE ACTION **
1st Offense  (Traffic Infraction)Minimum $300  maximum $500Up come 15 days90-day Suspension
2nd Offense (Traffic Infraction)Within 5 years Minimum $500  preferably $750Up come 30 daysMinimum 6-Month Revocation

NOTE: greater fines, longer jail sentences, and also increased patent penalties (including lifetime revocation) may result from a third or succeeding conviction within 10 years.

Conviction good only, does not incorporate mandatory surcharge or crime victims help fee.

** The department of engine Vehicles determines as soon as your license can be returned. The return or reinstatement based upon state regulation or regulation, is no automatic. You have to reapply for your license and may need to pass a test.

NOTE: license actions because that those under period 21 room different.



The table "Penalties for Alcohol/Drug associated Violations" explains fines, surcharges, license penalties and possible imprisonment if you space convicted of an alcohol or drug-related violation. Impaired or intoxicated driving can additionally have various other serious results.

Repeat Offenders

Drivers v repeat dangerous control convictions in brand-new York State face one of the toughest licensing policies in the nation. This regulations contact for:

Lifetime record Review by will review the lifetime record of all drivers who apply to have actually a license reinstated ~ a revocation.Truly long-term License Revocation for Persistently Drunk & Dangerous Drivers: after conducting a lifetime record review, will application because that reinstatement the a license after revocation if the applicant has:

• 5 or an ext alcohol or drug associated driving convictions in the applicant"s lifetime, or

• three or more alcohol or drug connected driving convictions in the 25 year watch back period plus at least one various other serious driving offense throughout that period. A severe driving violation includes: a deadly crash, a driving-related penal law conviction, an build-up of 20 or an ext points assessed because that driving violations within the 25 year watch back duration or having actually two or an ext driving convictions throughout the 25 year look earlier period, each worth five points or more.

Delayed Re-Licensing, driving Restrictions, & Interlocks for other Drivers with recurring Alcohol- or Drug-Related control Convictions: because that those drivers seeking reinstatement of a patent after revocation who have three or four alcohol- or drug-related control convictions yet no severe driving offense in the 25 year look back period, will:

• their applications for 5 years past their statutory revocation period if the applicant"s patent was revoked because that an alcohol- or drug-related offense; or two added years if the applicant"s license was revoked for a reason various other than an alcohol or drug associated offense;

• reclaim the applicant"s patent after the additional period as a "restricted" license limiting the applicant"s steering to, because that example, travel to and from work or clinical visits; and

• Require an interlock maker on the vehicle driven by the applicant for 5 years indigenous the date of the interlock an equipment installation.

End the reduction of mandatory Suspension or Revocation Periods: Previously, repeat drunk chauffeurs whose licenses have been revoked or suspended could get their full driving privileges ago in as little as seven weeks by completing"s Impaired Driver Program."s new regulations will ensure the those motorists cannot obtain their driving privileges till their complete term of suspension or revocation has actually ended.Zero yongin for motorists Under age 21

The legit purchase and possession age for beverages comprise alcohol in brand-new York State is 21. Under the state"s "zero tolerance" law, the is a violation for a human being under 21 come drive with BAC that can be measure (.02 come .07). After a finding of violation is identified at a hearing, the driver license will be suspended for six months. The driver then must pay a $100 suspension termination fee and a $125 civil penalty to be re-licensed. Because that a 2nd Zero tolerance violation, the driver license will certainly be revoked for at the very least one year or till the driver reaches 21, whichever is longer.

Illegal purchase Of Beverages containing Alcohol

When you use a driver patent or Non-Driver identifier card as proof of period to illegally acquisition beverages the contain alcohol, state regulation requires the suspension of your driver patent or privilege to use for a license.

Open Container Law

It is a website traffic infraction because that a driver or passenger in a motor vehicle on a public highway, street or roadway to drink a beverage include alcohol or to have a beverage containing alcohol. That is also a website traffic infraction for a driver or passenger in a motor vehicle on a windy highway, street or road to burn marajuana or cannabis. The penalty for a very first conviction is a fine as much as $150, a obligated surcharge, a crime victim help fee, and possible imprisonment of 15 days. Added offenses in ~ 18 months bring higher penalties. The law exempts passengers in vehicles favor stretch limousines and also other vehicles that display a business certificate or permit issued through the U.S. Department of Transportation or the civicpride-kusatsu.netS department of Transportation.

The Ignition Interlock Program and Leandra"s Law

Courts have to order every persons judge of driving while intoxicated or aggravated driving while intoxicated, or that a penal regulation of which an alcohol related violation of provision of ar 1192 the the auto & Traffic law is critical element come install and also maintain an ignition interlock ~ above auto owned or activate by such driver for at the very least 12 months. (This device, purchased and installed in ~ the cost of the motorist, is connected to a motor car ignition system and also measures the alcohol content of the breath the the driver. The auto cannot be began until the driver gives an acceptable sample breath.) The 12 month requirement may be waived by the court if the defendant demonstrates the the interlock maker was set up for at the very least six months, uneven the court order the interlock an equipment to be mounted for a longer duration of time. The judge likewise must order an alcohol assessment for a repeat offender. If the assessment shows alcohol treatment is necessary, the judge may be compelled to stimulate the completion of therapy as a problem of probation.

Drivers that commit this alcohol-related offenses v a child under 16 year old in the car may be charged with a course E, punishable by up to 4 years in prison. (This is recognized as Leandra’s Law.)

The law additionally makes it a to journey drunk through a conditional license, i m sorry is a license that might be approve by the once someone is judge of an alcohol-related offense. Such a license might be provided only for driving to and also from crucial destinations such together school, work and medical appointments. The conditional driver license will be revoked if the motorist does no comply with the court terms or for a conviction for web traffic offense except parking, stopping or standing.




If you kill or reason an injury to an additional person since of one alcohol or various other drug-related violation, you can be judge of criminally negligent homicide, automotive manslaughter or assault. These carry a good of countless dollars and also a preferably jail ax of 15 years.If you journey while your license is suspended or revoked, you face a mandatory fine of $200 come $1000, and also a causing obligation jail ax or probation. If impaired or intoxicated once you space arrested, the best mandatory fine is $5,000 and the car can it is in seized.Liability insurance may not cover the expense of injuries and damage native a website traffic crash. You can be sued for countless dollars and also you would discover it complicated and expensive to buy legal responsibility insurance for numerous years.Besides fines and surcharges, girlfriend could likewise face i have lot of money legal fees.You might have a criminal record, which makes it more tough to acquire a task or move forward in your job.



HOW TO protect against TROUBLE

You space not most likely to worry about the outcomes of her actions when you space impaired or intoxicated. The moment to take into consideration them, and also how to protect against them, is prior to you come to be impaired or intoxicated.

See more: How Can You Determine The Oxidation Number Of C In Carbonate Ion Number

If you walk to occasions with the same team of friends, revolve drivers. Each girlfriend takes a rotate being the "designated driver" who does no drink alcohol.Arrange to remain overnight or ride house with a friend who does no drink. Before you drink, offer your automobile keys come a friend who does no drink and also who will not allow you journey after friend drink.Call a cab or use public transportation.Drink slowly. Alternative between drinks through alcohol and drinks there is no alcohol.Do not make alcohol the emphasis of your event. If girlfriend have had actually too much alcohol, protect against drinking numerous hours prior to you intend to leave so your body can begin to reduced your BAC.Do no consume (e.g. Smoke, vape, eat, etc) Marajuana or Cannabis prior to driving.


Before you move on to chapter 10, make sure you can answer this questions:

How go drunk steering rank as a highway safety problem?What are the results of alcohol ~ above the an abilities you should drive?Which of this drugs could impact your capacity to drive: marijuana, a cold remedy, a tranquilizer?If you take it a non-prescription drug, what need to you do before you drive?What is a likely effect when friend take another drug while friend drink beverages comprise alcohol?On what three conditions does your blood alcohol content (BAC) depend?Which of these contains an ext alcohol 보다 the various other three: 1 1/2 ounces (30 ml) of 80 proof liquor, 5 ounces (120 ml) wine, 12 ounces (360 ml) of beer, 12 ounces (360 ml) that wine-cooler?On average, just how long does the take your body to eliminate the alcohol had in 12 ounces of beer?What is the just effective method to minimize your BAC?What wake up to your driver patent if girlfriend refuse a chemical test?Other than fines, action against your driver license and a possible jail term, what are few of the results as soon as you drive under the influence of alcohol or other drugs?