In our daily encounters with various other people, we use these phrases over and over.
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They aren’t just straightforward questions—in fact, periodically they aren’t really questions at all—but variations on a an extremely commonplace greeting.
This kind of greeting isn’t so different in Spanish, yet if you’veever spent more than 5 minutes in a Spanish classroom, you might think you’ve already learned everything about how come say “How are you?” in Spanish the there is come know.
Maybe your teacher or her language companion starts every session through “¿Cómo estás?”
And you respond, by memory, with “Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?”
This is a entirely fine exchange, and also it’ll suffice as a straightforward greeting.
But, let’s it is in honest: the can get a small boring. It’s likewise just not realistic to assume that all her Spanish conversations with aboriginal speakers will certainly go this way.
In this post, you’ll discover eight other means to to speak “How room you?” in Spanish that room a little much more exciting.
We’ll even carry out some appropriate responses.
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The an easy Greeting: ¿Cómo Estás?
You need to learn the basics prior to you deserve to move previous them, the course.
The most an easy greeting that you would use to ask “How space you?” to one person, in casual setting, is:
¿Cómo estás? (How room you?)
A slim variation top top this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? This method exactly the very same thing, however includes the optional pronoun tú (you).
In Spanish, the way you conjugate a verb changes depending on just how many civilization you’re addressing, and also on even if it is you’re in a formal or not blocked situation. In this case, the necessary verb is estar (to be).
(If you’re uncertain on verb conjugation, examine out this straightforward guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense.)
So, depending on who you’re speak to, friend may have to slightly change your conjugation. Because that each that the examples below, I’ll administer the appropriate pronoun in parentheses. Just like tú in the instance above, this pronouns room optional and also do not influence the meaning of the sentence.
¿Cómo está (usted)?
The pronoun usted refers come a singular “you” in a formal situation. Use this greeting as soon as talking to a stranger, someone lot older 보다 you or who in a place of superiority. Because that example, you might use ¿Cómo está? when greeting her friend’s grandfather, your boss, her professor, the queen that Spain and so on.
¿Cómo están (ustedes)?
Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” usage it when greeting 2 or much more people in ~ the same time.
Across Latin America, ustedes can be provided in officially or informal situations. In Spain, it’s used exclusively in formal situations (like usted).
¿Cómo estáis (vosotros)?
If you happen to be speak Spanish in Spain, use vosotros when talking to a team of human being in casual situation, such as once you’re speak to a group of friends.
There are countless ways to respond come the greeting “How space you?”
In Spanish, a safe response is:
Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? (Fine, thanks. And also you?)
This is a polite and simple method to keep the conversation going.
Of course, if you’re in a formal situation or talking to much more than one person, you’ll desire to substitute tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate.
Why You have to Go beyond the Basics with “How are You?”
Sure, the abovewill gain you through an easy Spanish conversations. Yet why avoid there? there are lots of means to greet and be greeted in Spanish—it’s a good idea to know more than one.
Learning alternative greetings can enable you to differ your ton to suit more formal or casual situations. you wouldn’t greet your ideal friend the same way you would certainly greet a client, right? It’s the exact same in Spanish—different greetings sound more natural in various company.
Plus, varying your speech patterns helps girlfriend sound much more like a indigenous speaker. I’ll bet once you speak in English, girlfriend don’t constantly repeat the expression “How are you?” girlfriend probably readjust it up through phrases like “How’s that going?” or “What’s walking on?” Moving beyond “How room you?” means moving past classroom Spanish and also learning real-world Spanish.
Not to mention, learning slangy choices to common phrases can be a lot of fun. If you’re ever before unsure around a slang term, language student forums favor the ones at WordReference have the right to be good resources.
Finally, it’s good to broaden your vocabulary because—duh!—native speakers will usage these phrases once they speak to you! when they do, you’ll want to understand and also be able to respond.“How room You?” in Spanish: 8 methods to adjust Up This Greeting
For every of these greetings, I’ll let friend know just how to politely respond. Girlfriend can, the course, additionally respond to any kind of of these greetings through letting her conversation companion know how you’re actually doing.
But when you’re talking with strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to know just how to give a noncommittal response like “It’s all good” or “Oh, nothing much.”
Unclear on exactly how to pronounce any of the native in this post? Forvo is a great resource with crowd-sourced pronunciations noted by indigenous speakers.
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¿Cómo andas (tú)?
The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is comparable to the English “How’s that going?” It’s slightly more casual and slangy than the basic ¿Cómo estás?
Andar is a continual -ar verb, so its various other conjugations are:
¿Cómo anda (usted)?
¿Cómo andan (ustedes)?
¿Cómo andáis (vosotros)?
You have the right to respond to this in the same way you would respond come ¿Cómo estás?An answer choose Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate.
¿Qué me cuentas?
This greeting is rather slangy. The literally equates to “What carry out you call me?” Think of it as a Spanish equivalent to the English “What’s walking on?”
It would certainly be a little awkward to usage this greeting in the usted form because it’s therefore informal—but right here are every one of the conjugations simply in case.
Forusted:¿Qué me cuenta?
For ustedes: ¿Qué me cuentan?
For vosotros: ¿Qué me contáis?
Note right here that contar is a stem-changing verb!
If someone asked you “What’s walk on?” in English, you could respond with “Oh, not much.” It’s similar in Spanish. If someone asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? you could respond v something like:
Nada en especial.(Nothing special.)
Lo normal.(The usual.)
No mucho.(Not much.)
It would certainly sound a little strange come respond v something favor Bien, gracias. This could be tricky to save track of, but if you practice enough, you’ll unconsciously start to establish what response sounds right and what sounds awkward.
¿Cómo dare va?
This greeting equates to something favor “How’s the going?” It have the right to be provided in officially or informal situations. In this case, to change the greeting you’ll have actually to change the indirect thing pronoun native te to le, les or os.
For usted: ¿Cómo le va?
For ustedes: ¿Cómo les va?
For vosotros: ¿Cómo os va?
When responding come this, you can re-use the verb va (it goes), native the infinitiveir(to go).
Me va bien.(It’s walk well.)
Me va mal.(It’s going badly.)
You have the right to replace bien or mal with any type of other proper adjective you can think of. Some instances are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), regular (just okay) or terrible (terrible).
¿Cómo va todo?
Very comparable to the last one, this phrasetranslates come “How’s whatever going?”
Luckily, in this instance there room no verb to conjugate and also no indirect objects to change around—you have the right to use this same greeting regardless of what case you’re in.
To respond, you have the right to say Va todo ___, filling in everything adjective suits her mood. (See above for examples.)
¿Cómo van ras cosas?
This greeting way “How are things?” like the previous case, over there is no require for shortcut here, because the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things).
If someone asks you this,you can respond with a basic Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you have the right to make a full sentence such as:
Las cosas valve bien.(Things room going well.)
Thisis an informal greeting to it is in used amongst friends in a casual setting. The is similar to the English “What’s up?”
However, unequal the English “What’s up?” you must not respond come ¿Qué tal?with “Nothing much” or any kind of variant thereof. Instead, respond through an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible,etc.—like you would certainly respond to¿Cómo estás?
This super informal greeting literally translates to “What is there?” and also should only be supplied in very casual, friendly situations. You deserve to think of it as a shortening of ¿Qué hay de nuevo? (What’s new?). Again, no conjugations to worry around here.
A good, appropriately casual response to this greeting would certainly be something choose Todo bien (all good) or No me quejo (can’t complain).
This Spanish greeting has crossed over right into English-language slang, so you may currently be familiar with it! It’s an additional super colloquial method to ask “What’s up?” or “What’s walking on?”
A normal an answer would be some variant ofNadaorLo normal.See the section on¿Qué me cuentas?for some instances of great responses.
The next time you have to greet who in Spanish, move out of her comfort zone!
You wouldn’t just repeat “How room you?” over and also over again in your aboriginal language, and also there’s no reason to carry out so in Spanish.
Native speakers will pick increase on your varied vocabulary, and it’ll make you sound much more natural.
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