Bonus points if you tackle 'light' together well: Lux, Lumen. (That's a lie, I deserve to only give you one point, sorry)
Honestly they have a most overlap in meaning. Type of choose "fire, flame, conflagration" in English, they frequently refer come the very same thing. Ignis is her most simple word for fire, and also tends to choose up effects of light more than heat. Ardor is more likely to be offered metaphorically than the others, choose for enthusiasm or glowing eyes, despite all can be provided this way. Flamma has actually tones that heat and also destruction, though like ignis it's also a very standard fire word. Incendium feel a little much more formal and also extensive, favor a bigger fire.
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Lux and also lumen are more similar, I'm not certain I can put a strong department between them. They do have different numbers that syllables i m sorry is a helpful thing for poets.
· 6y · edited 6y
lumen deserve to be used as a metaphor for eyes, while ns don't think that's the instance for lux. For this reason lumen would certainly be more like 'a light', and also lux simply 'light'.edit: Seems choose lumen is *lux-men, therefore that says it is an instance of or object for light.
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Incendium is a wild fire, uncontrolled.
Ignis is the "fire", properly. Ardor is the heat, the strength of the fire.
Flamma is the flame.
· 6y · edited 6y
Summary the the OLD entries and a couple of more:
incendium ( 'life'; "light of my life"; reflected light, shine, glitter; brightness of colour; psychological illumination; clarity of expression, lucidity; splendour, distinction; light of hope, deliverance, etc
lumen: light, radiance, rays of; amount of irradiate in a place; (painting) light (opp. Shade); daylight; duration of light; light appreciated by living creatures (vs darkness that underworld) > life; irradiate falling on structure which is a householder's entitlement; a (appearance of) light; luminary object; source of illumination (lamp, etc); = about/till bright of lamps (i.e. Dusk); illumination/lighting; guiding light (person); shine, glitter; brightness that colour; opened for admission of irradiate (window); (in general) opening, orifice (of water pipe); an eye (esp. Pl); eye in activity (glance); strength of vision (in phrases);
iubar: an initial light of day; radiance, brightness (heavenly bodies, fire, etc); source of light
Surely who else can think the a few other words which I'm missing. More than likely a number of more obscure ones out there.
P.S. I was, by chance, listening to KSE's past the flames while typing this out... :)
EDIT: just thought that '*bʰlē-' leading not only to flamma but also fulgur, fulgeo, fulmen, etc. Also, there's also 'niteo' and related words.
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EDIT2: There's a bunch the words like aestus, aestas, aedes, etc. Aestus being a period of heat/hot weather but likewise can be flames + acting of fire; fire that love; rage. There's an overlap here of water and also aestuo have the right to be 'to blaze' or 'to cook (water)'. Just some fun info.