In a wide expanse the, gravity attracted dust and also gas with each other to develop the young solar system. The sun formed first from the vast material, through the planets nearby behind. But how go a sea of swirling particles end up being the brightest star in ours sky? 

"The sunlight is terrifying and gorgeous, and it"s additionally the best physics laboratory in our solar system," Sabrina Savage, project scientist for NASA"s Hinode in ~ NASA"s Marshall Flight facility in Huntsville, Alabama, said in a statement.

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Although it might look empty, is filled through gas and dust. Many of the material was hydrogen and helium, yet some of it was comprised of leftover remnants indigenous the violent deaths that stars. About 4.5 billion years ago, waves of power traveling through pressed clouds of together particles closer together, and also gravity resulted in them to collapse in ~ above themselves and then start to spin. The spin brought about the cloud come flatten into a disk prefer a pancake. In the center, the product clumped with each other to form a protostar that would eventually become the sun. 

"There is a rotationally sustained disk around this protostar," astronomer man Tobin told about a comparable early sun, including it"s a "key element" in building planets. "It allows the material hang out long sufficient for the planet development process."

The young protostar to be a round of hydrogen and helium no yet it is provided by fusion. Over 10s of countless years, the temperature and pressure of the product inside increased, jumpstarting the fusion of hydrogen the drives the sun today.

"A star the dimension of our sun requires around 50 million year to mature native the beginning of the collapse come adulthood," follow to NASA. "Our sunlight will remain in this mature phase … for around 10 exchange rate years."

The development of the sunlight didn"t take it up all of the cloud it to be born from. What was left continued to orbit the star, if planets created from the leftover material. The sunlight is one average-size star, not too big and not too small. That size makes it fantastic star come orbit, together it is neither big and fast-burning nor little and dim.

Several billion years from now, the hydrogen inside of the sunlight will operation out, and also the star will swell up right into a red large with a radius prolonging to Earth"s orbit. The helium at its main point will additionally be consumed. The star will never ever be hot sufficient to burn the oxygen and carbon that room left behind, so the sunlight will fizzle out and also become a white dwarf.

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Of course, once the sunlight was born billions of years ago, no human scientists were roughly to research it. Astronomers learn around the life that the sun by studying the myriad that stars in the Milky Way. Combined with models, these observations can assist tell us about the youth of our closest star.


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Nola Taylor Redd is a contributing writer because that She loves all points and also astronomy-related, and enjoys the possibility to learn more. She has actually a Bachelor’s degree in English and Astrophysics native Agnes Scott college and served as an intern at skies & Telescope magazine. In her totally free time, she homeschools her four children. Follow she on Twitter at