The cities of Athens and also Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are very cshed to each various other, but have actually sometimes had actually extremely different worths, lifelayouts, and societies.

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Athens versus Sparta comparikid chart AthensSpartaAbout Counattempt Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancesattempt girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time zone
The resources and also largest city of Greece. Leader of the Delian League. Home of many kind of primitive theorists, historians, and also authors. Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies at the southerly finish of the central Laconian plain, on the appropriate financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Cshed the sea through a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Also in a hilly location that offers herbal defense.
At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000 At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, yet even more dry via around 15 inches of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, however through more rain.
Dependent on profession and agriculture Dependent on agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, traditional, and conservative
not as armed forces based, and forced military business was only 2 years for citizens. Navy was best in the Greek world. mandatory armed forces company from age 7 to 60. Land based army through no navy till the end of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants of the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on farming and also tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and also Sparta host historical value for Greece and the human being. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. It is a center for financial, political, financial and also society life in Greece. Athens is the symbol of liberty, art, and democracy in the conscientific research of the civilized human being. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and also expertise.

Sparta, a tvery own near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southerly Greece. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, thought about as the protector of Greece as it was giving big army to Greece for many years. At current, Sparta is the bureaucratic capital of the prefecture of Laconia.


Athens has actually been continuously populated for at leastern 3,000 years, ending up being the leading city of ancient Greece in the initially millennium BCE; its social achievements in the time of the fifth century BCE lassist the structures of western human being. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decrease and also then recovery under the Oriental Empire, and was relatively thriving in the time of the Campaigns, as they benefitted from Italian trade. After a lengthy period of decline under the ascendancy of the Ottoguy Realm, Athens reemerged in the 1nine century as the funding of the independent Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, boy of Zeus and also Taygete, who called the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the standard chronology, Dorian migration from the north took location and also ultimately led to the increase of classic Sparta — well known as a martial power, adversary of the Persian Empire, and ultimate conqueror of Athens. After conquering many kingdoms and also warring through many type of neighborhoods, Sparta spreview to a significant empire roughly 400 BCE. This was additionally the moment of Athens" autumn, which prodeclared Sparta superior in the continuous battle of the 2 empires. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was ruined by many type of intrusions. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was reconstructed approximately 1834.

Beliefs and Culture

Athens and Sparta differed in their principles of acquiring together with the remainder of the Greek realms. Sparta appeared to be content via themselves and also gave their army whenever before required. That is why it taken into consideration itself as the protector of the Greek. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take manage of more and also even more land in Greece. This idea ultimately resulted in battle between the Greeks. Sparta had actually a powerful army and Athens knew that they can not beat them yet they had actually the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have actually.

What the two neighborhoods had in common was that they were both thinkers. They worshiped their gods and also respected human being. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, approach, politics, art, and sporting activities. It might be sassist that some also loved battle itself.

Where they differed was that while the Spartans had aggressive values, Athenians were democratic. The Spartans emphasized just on widening their power and also acquiring control over various other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in primitive times. They taken the importance of such development and also focused on them besides on armed forces strength.



The Athenian form of electing a government was referred to as Limited Democracy while the Spartan create was referred to as oligarchy" (preeminence by a few), but it had actually aspects of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (via the election of council/senators), and also aristocracy (ascendancy by the top course or land also owning class). Sparta has had actually 2 rulers in current times, that ruled until they passed away. On the various other hand also, the leader of Athens is chosen annually. Athens is shelp to have actually been the birthlocation of democracy.

Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. The Old Greek “oligos” converts to “few”, while “archia” implies “rule” – ‘dominion by the few’. Five Ephors were chosen each year, accompanied by 2 majesties, who passed on the crowns to their liked sons. The Spartan tantamount of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and also the Kings would certainly on a regular basis attfinish the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and attempt to pass “rhetrai”, or movements and decrees. Other functions of the basic assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and also make civil decisions. The procedure whereby this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a entirety, the five Ephors had actually the power to overrule the Kings, but tfinished to save to spiritual and militaristic duties. Sparta’s device of federal government was incredibly exclusive and also open up to members of just the highest social standing.

On the various other hand also, Athens was a democracy, which meant “ascendancy by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and also “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed dvery own to a team of 500, that would certainly then be separated into groups of 50. Each would certainly take charge for about a month, and also ten generals were immediately chosen because of their experience. Others were liked by a technique called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, well-known as the “ekklesia”, sat to comment on political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. This was a room close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”.



Compared to the basic lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a really contemporary and open up outlook. Unchoose Sparta, in Athens, boys were not compelled to join the army. As an Athenian, one might get a great education and also could pursue several kinds of arts and also sciences. Sparta people were not open up to education and they only focused on army toughness and also obedience and they didn"t communicate much through the exterior people.

Interaction through various other Greek claims

Sparta was content to store to itself and offered army and assistance as soon as vital to various other says. Athens, on the various other hand also, wanted to manage even more and even more of the land also roughly them. This inevitably caused battle in between all the Greeks.


Athens had actually a Mediterranean climate through good amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had sensibly temperate yet incredibly dry climate. Due to soil erosion and also much less vegetation, water was an extremely scanty commodity in Sparta.

Women of Athens and also Sparta

Family ties in Athens were more powerful and woguys were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. They might own no residential property acomponent from the household. In Sparta, woguys had actually legal rights that other Greek woguys did not have. In Sparta women were stronger and also they created liaisons with males as they determined. They can additionally own building by themselves. In Athens woguys did chores such as weaving or food preparation, however in Sparta the woguys were complimentary of all such chores.

War Between Athens and Sparta

Athens and Sparta were 2 rival city-states, while the last had actually very well trained armed forces and also soldiers, the previous boasted of an excellent navy. Athens and its allies, well-known as the Delian Organization, came right into conflict via the Spartans and also the Peloponnesian league, and also in 431 BC a battle broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade courses, rivalries, and also tributes phelp by smaller sized dependent claims.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year duration of on and off civil war among Greek city-claims. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and also the surrounding country under its affect and also protection; Athens and its bordering area, recognized as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clear army benefit on land, but the Athenian navy gone beyond Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and also maintain the top hand. Both sides competent major victories and also crushing defeats, and also the war was typically interrupted by durations of negotiated tranquility. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and also its democracy.


Sparta was largely an farming land also because of its inland also place. The a lot of vital imports were metals. In Sparta, males were greatly warriors; others were slaves. Their economy was mainly based upon agriculture. Athens economic climate was dependent more upon trade. Athens came to be the forea lot of trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC.

Claim to Fame

Athens has uncovered its name in Greek background for its undying wisdom and also concentration on infrastructural advance and also Sparta for its military power.

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Anonymous comments (5)

May 29, 2013, 6:31am

THIS IS SPARTA!!!!!!!!!!

— 58.✗.✗.160

February 8, 2013, 2:57am

"Athens concentrated on liberty, art, and also worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena.""Sparta focused on military stamina and being obedient."Now I understand also the difference between these two city-claims. Thanks!

— 99.✗.✗.109

June 28, 2012, 8:31am

Thanks for the info. :D assisted me alot.

— 195.✗.✗.9

January 29, 2014, 10:25pm

this website is impressive, simply finiburned a paper with cites and qoutes.A+. my teacher was so impressed