The cities of Athens and also Sparta to be bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically castle are very close to every other, however have occasionally had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures.

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Athens matches Sparta comparison graph AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time zone
The capital and largest city of Greece. Leader of the Delian League. Residence of many old philosophers, historians, and authors. Known in Greek together Sparti. The city lies in ~ the southern end of the central Laconian plain, ~ above the right financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea v a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Also in a hilly area that gives natural defense.
At time that Peloponnesian battle 360,000-610,000 At time of Peloponnesian war 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but an ext dry with around 15 inches of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, but with an ext rain.
Dependent on trade and also agriculture Dependent ~ above agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, traditional, and conservative
not as army based, and also required military company was just two years for citizens. Navy was finest in the Greek world. mandatory military organization from period 7 come 60. Floor based military with no navy till the finish of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants the the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and Sparta hold historical value because that Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Athens is the prize of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience that the polite world. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess the wisdom and knowledge.

Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is situated in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Sparta to be the Dorian Greek army state, considered as the protector of Greece together it to be providing large army to greek for countless years. At present, Sparta is the bureaucratic capital of the prefecture of Laconia.


Athens has actually been continuously occupied for at least 3,000 years, ending up being the top city of ancient Greece in the very first millennium BCE; its social achievements throughout the 5th century BCE laid the structures of west civilization. Throughout the center Ages, the city experienced decline and climate recovery under the byzantine Empire, and also was reasonably prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted indigenous Italian trade. After a long period of decrease under the dominance of the ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the elevation Greek state.

Tradition relates the Sparta was started by its an initial king, Lacedaemon, boy of Zeus and also Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter the Eurotas, about 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the timeless chronology, Dorian migration native the north took place and also eventually resulted in the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, enemy of the Persian Empire, and also eventual conqueror of Athens. After conquering many kingdoms and warring with plenty of communities, Sparta infect a major empire about 400 BCE. This was likewise the time the Athens" fall, which proclaimed Sparta remarkable in the constant war that the 2 empires. In medieval times, the city the Sparta was ruined by countless invasions. Modern day Sparta, which is recognized as Sparti in Greece, to be rebuilt approximately 1834.

ideas and culture

Athens and also Sparta differed in their ideas of getting in addition to the remainder of the Greek empires. Sparta seemed to it is in content through themselves and provided their military whenever required. The is why it taken into consideration itself together the protector that the Greek. ~ above the other hand, Athens want to take regulate of much more and more land in Greece. This idea at some point led come war in between the Greeks. Sparta had actually a an effective army and Athens knew the they can not beat them but they had the power of a marine unit which Sparta didn’t have.

What the two neighborhoods had in typical was that they to be both thinkers. Lock worshiped their gods and also respected people. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It might be said that some also loved battle itself.

Where lock differed was the while the Spartans had actually militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. The Spartans emphasized just on expanding their power and also gaining manage over various other kingdoms if the Athenians likewise grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. They understood the prestige of such growth and concentrated on them besides on armed forces strength.



The Athenian kind of electing a federal government was called restricted Democracy if the Spartan kind was referred to as oligarchy" (rule through a few), but it had facets of monarchy (rule through kings), democracy (through the choice of council/senators), and also aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Sparta has had actually two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. ~ above the various other hand, the leader of Athens is chosen annually. Athens is said to have actually been the birthplace of democracy.

Sparta to be an “Oligarchy”. The ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, if “archia” method “rule” – ‘rule through the few’. Five Ephors were elected annually, add by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their preferred sons. The Spartan equivalent of the senate to be its “gerousia”, if Ephors and the queens would on regular basis attend the “apella” (general assembly) to construct and try to happen “rhetrai”, or motions and also decrees. Various other purposes the the general assembly to be to vote on and also pass legislation and also make polite decisions. The process by i beg your pardon this to be undertaken was by a an easy shouting that ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the 5 Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to spiritual and militaristic duties. Sparta’s device of federal government was very exclusive and also open come members of just the highest possible social standing.

On the various other hand, Athens to be a democracy, which intended “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 males were narrowed down to a team of 500, that would then be separated into teams of 50. Each would certainly take fee for about a month, and also ten generals were instantly elected due to their experience. Rather were preferred by a technique called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, recognized as the “ekklesia”, satellite to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. This was an area nearby by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”.

way of life


Compared to the an easy lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very modern-day and open up outlook. Unequal Sparta, in Athens, guys were not compelled to sign up with the army. Together an Athenian, one might get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Sparta people were not open to education and also they only focused on armed forces strength and obedience and they didn"t connect much v the exterior world.

interaction with other Greek claims

Sparta was contents to save to itself and listed army and also assistance when essential to various other states. Athens, on the various other hand, wanted to control more and much more of the land roughly them. This eventually led to war in between all the Greeks.


Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount that precipitation, vice versa, Sparta had relatively temperate but an extremely dry climate. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water to be a very scanty commodity in Sparta.

women of Athens and Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and also women were legally the dependents of your husbands or your father. They could own no property apart from the family. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek ladies did no have. In Sparta ladies were stronger and they developed liaisons with males as they chose. Lock could likewise own building by themselves. In Athens ladies did chores such as weaving or cooking, however in Sparta the ladies were complimentary of all such chores.

War in between Athens and also Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had really well trained military and also soldiers, the former boasted that a an excellent navy. Athens and its allies, recognized as the Delian League, came into problem with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and also in 431 BC a war damaged out between the two cities - a war based upon trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller sized dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, basically was a 28-year period of on and also off civil war among Greek city-states. (A city-state to be a city, such together Athens, and the surrounding country under the influence and protection; Athens and also its bordering area, well-known as Attica, was around the dimension of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clear military advantage on land, however the Athenian navy exceeded Sparta’s capabilities at sea; no side was able to seize and also maintain the top hand. Both political parties experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and also the battle was typically interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. The war ended in 404 BC v the defeat of Athens and also its democracy.


Sparta was largely an farming land since of the inland location. The most vital imports were metals. In Sparta, guys were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Their economic climate was mainly based upon agriculture. Athens economy was dependent much more upon trade. Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the fifth century BC.

claim to call

Athens has discovered its name in Greek history for the undying wisdom and concentration ~ above infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power.

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Anonymous comments (5)

May 29, 2013, 6:31am

THIS IS SPARTA!!!!!!!!!!

— 58.✗.✗.160

February 8, 2013, 2:57am

"Athens concentrated on freedom, art, and also worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena.""Sparta concentrated on armed forces strength and also being obedient."Now I recognize the difference in between these two city-states. Thanks!

— 99.✗.✗.109

June 28, 2012, 8:31am

Thanks because that the info. :D assisted me alot.

— 195.✗.✗.9

January 29, 2014, 10:25pm

this website is amazing, just finished a file with cites and also qoutes.A+. Mine teacher was so impressed