L>Student resource Glossary
glossary
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ACE inhibitor (angiotensin-converting enzyme) blocks the action of the enzyme that reasons the blood ship to contract, resulting in hypertension.
anemia A lower-than-normal number of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the blood.
aneurysm A localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement that the wall surface of one artery.
angina A condition in which major episodes of chest pains occur as result of an poor blood circulation to the myocardium; also known as angina pectoris.
angioplasty The technique of mechanically widening a small or obstructed blood vessel.
anticoagulant slowly coagulation and also prevents brand-new clots indigenous forming.
aplastic anemia identified by an absence of all formed blood elements caused by the fail of blood cell manufacturing in the bone marrow.
arrhythmia The ns of the regular rhythm that the heartbeat.
atherectomy The surgical removal the plaque buildup from the inner of one artery.
atheroma A deposit the plaque top top or within the arterial wall.
atherosclerosis Hardening and narrowing the the arteries led to by a buildup of cholesterol plaque ~ above the inner walls that the arteries.
atrial fibrillation Occurs once the common rhythmic contractions that the atria are changed by rapid, rarely often, rarely twitching of the muscular heart wall.
automated external defibrillator designed for use by nonprofessionals in emergency situations when defibrillation is requirednecessary, externally shocks the heart to regain a common cardiac rhythm.
beta-blocker A medication that reduces the workload of the love by slowly the price of the heartbeat.
blood dyscrasia any kind of pathologic problem of the cellular elements of the blood.
bradycardia one abnormally slow relaxing heart rate.
cardiac arrest an occasion in which the love abruptly stop beating or develops an arrhythmia that avoids it from pumping blood effectively.
cardiac catheterization A diagnostic procedure in i m sorry a catheter is passed right into a vein or artery and then guided right into the heart.
cardiomyopathy The term provided to explain all conditions of the love muscle.
carotid endarterectomy The operation removal the the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery bring about the brain.
cholesterol A fat substance the travels with the blood and is uncovered in all parts of the body.
chronic venous insufficiency A problem in i beg your pardon venous circulation is inadequate because of partial vein blockage or come the leakage the venous valves.
coronary thrombosis damages to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery.
defibrillation The use of electric shock to restore the heart’s typical rhythm.
diuretic medicine administered to stimulate the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine come rid the human body of overabundance sodium and also water.
electrocardiogram A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium.
embolism The sudden blockage the a blood courage by an embolus.
embolus A foreign object, such as a blood clot, a quantity of wait or gas, or a little bit of organization or tumor the is turn around in the blood.
endocarditis one inflammation the the inner lining of the heart.
erythrocytes maturation red blood cells developed by the red bone marrow.
hemoglobin The oxygen-carrying blood protein colors of the erythrocytes.
hemolytic anemia defined by an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells because of the premature damage of red blood cells by the spleen.
hemostasis To stop or control bleeding.
ischemic heart disease A group of cardiac disabilities result from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.
leukemia A form of cancer identified by a steady increase in the variety of abnormal leukocytes (white blood cells) discovered in bloodforming tissues, various other organs, and also in the circulating blood.
leukocytes The blood cells affiliated in defending the body against infective organisms and also foreign substances.
leukopenia A to decrease in the number of disease-fighting white blood cells circulating in the blood.
megaloblastic anemia A blood disorder defined by anemia in i beg your pardon the red blood cell are larger than normal.
myelodysplastic syndrome A group of bone marrow obstacle that are identified by the insufficient production of one or an ext types of blood cells because of dysfunction that the bone marrow.
myocardial infarction The occlusion (blockage) the one or more coronary arteries brought about by plaque buildup; commonly known as a heart attack.
orthostatic hypotension low blood pressure that occurs upon standing up.
pericardium The double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart.
pernicious anemia resulted in by a absence of the protein intrinsic element (IF) that helps the body absorb vitamin B12 indigenous the cradle tract.
phlebitis The inflammation of a vein.
Raynaud’s disease A peripheral arterial occlusive an illness in i m sorry intermittent strikes are motivated by cold or stress.
septicemia Often connected with severe infections brought about by the presence of bacteria in the blood.
sickle cabinet anemia A hereditary disorder that reasons abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cell assuming one abnormal sickle shape.
tachycardia one abnormally rapid resting heart rate.
temporal arteritis A kind of vasculitis the can cause headaches, visual impairment, jaw pain, and other symptoms; also known as large cell arteritis.
thallium tension test Performed to evaluate exactly how well blood flows v the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise by injecting a little amount of thallium into the bloodstream.
thrombocytopenia A problem in which there is one abnormally small number of platelets turn around in the blood.
thrombolytic dissolves or reasons a thrombus to break up; additionally known together a clot-busting drug.
thrombosis The abnormal condition of having a thrombus.
thrombotic occlusion The prevent of an artery through a thrombus.
thrombus A blood clot attached to the interior wall surface of one artery or vein.
transfusion reaction A serious and also potentially fatal complication the a blood transfusion in i m sorry a major immune response occurs due to the fact that the patient’s blood and also the donated blood carry out not match.
valvulitis an inflammation of a love valve.
varicose veins Abnormally swollen veins the usually occur in the superficial veins of the legs.
ventricular fibrillation is composed of rapid, irregular, and useless contractions that the ventricles.


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ventricular tachycardia A an extremely rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles.
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