In Romeo and Juliet, the characters strive to express the purity of their love, yet the pat constantly web links opposed state to display that even the most an effective experience is shadowed through its own opposite. Once Romeo tries to explain the brightness of Juliet’s beauty, he instead defines the darkness which renders her was standing out: “she hangs upon the cheek that night / as a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear” (1.5). Juliet returns the compliment by make a comparable contrast: “thou wilt lie upon the wing of night / Whiter than new snow top top a raven’s back” (3.2).

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In Romeo and Juliet, brightness deserve to never be entirely free of darkness, simply as the heroes’ love can never it is in entirely complimentary of their families’ hatred. Every moment of their connection is shadowed by its opposite. Your wedding night is also their last minute together. The ar where they lastly come together is no a an initial home, however a tomb. In the people of Romeo and Juliet, “all things change them to the contrary” (4.5). Romeo and also Juliet room doomed come fail in your goal of achieving a pure love not just by their social roles, but by the nature the life itself.

Romeo and also Juliet has the third-highest number of rhymed lines among Shakespeare’s plays. Since rhyming involves pairs of words, rhyme points to the prestige of pairs and also couples. Rhyme additionally places limits on just how lines have the right to end, which resonates in a play about characters who own selections are limited by fate and social rules. In the play, many of these rhymes show up in fourteen-line rhyming poems referred to as sonnets. Both the prologue and the lovers’ an initial meeting are written together sonnets. As Romeo and Juliet flirt and banter around exchanging kisses, they trade rhymes: when Romeo states “My lips, 2 blushing pilgrims, prepared stand / to smooth that rough challenging with a tender kiss,” Juliet answers, “Good pilgrim, you execute wrong her hand as well much, / i m sorry mannerly devotion shows in this,” (1.4.)

In Shakespeare's time, most sonnets were about idealized romantic love, therefore the sonnets in Romeo and Juliet emphasize the this is a play about romantic ideals. But by permitting Juliet to share the poem v Romeo, rhyming her words come his, Shakespeare updates the form, providing each member that the connection equal value. In this way, the layout of the play both elevates the love between the two characters and also modernizes a traditional kind of poetry.

Romeo and Juliet both use the imagery of stars, moons, and suns to emphasize the their love is no earthbound or ordinary, but the play constantly reminds united state that in fact, the stars space not on the lovers’ side. Because that Romeo, “Juliet is the sun” (2.2.). Her eyes are “wo of the fairest stars in all the heaven” (2.2.). Juliet imagines Romeo “cut <…> the end in little stars” (3.2.). However, this heavenly bodies have another, much more sinister meaning. The play’s tragic ending is astrologically fated—“star-crossed” (1.1.)—from the beginning. As the play progresses, the language that stars, moons, and also suns refers much less to the heroes’ love and an ext to your tragic fate. In the play’s last speech, “he sun for sorrow will not show his head” (5.3.). Romeo and also Juliet room so trapped by their fate that even the language they use to celebrate your love points towards the fact that they space doomed.

The language the lovers usage contrasts sharply through the language provided by Mercutio and also the play’s various other young men, including Romeo once he is v them. However, the young males are additionally undermined and also trapped by their own language. Mercutio and also Romeo exchange joke in a back-and-forth struggle, each trying to turn the other’s joke against him. Countless of these jokes, and also Mercutio’s in particular, are sexual: “’Twould anger him / come raise a heart in his mistress’ circle” (2.1.). This linguistic aggression with sexual overtones straight results in Mercutio’s death. Mercutio is offended through Tybalt’s use of words “consort,” which that takes as a punning accusation of homosexuality (3.1.). Mercutio responds v an aggressive joke of his own, and the an outcome is a duel in which Mercutio dies. The humor and wordplay that make Mercutio such a free-spirited character additionally trap him into his catastrophic fate.

Prose and Verse

Like all of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Romeo and also Juliet is written largely in empty verse. Shakespeare desired to use verse when he to be tackling major themes, prefer the themes in Romeo and Juliet the doomed love, feuding, suicide, and death. Due to the fact that verse is more structured and also rule-bound than prose, verse also suits a play about characters who room trapped by fate and social rules. The various other reason Shakespeare uses verse in Romeo and Juliet is that he usually uses verse because that the speech of high-status characters. Most of the personalities in Romeo and also Juliet room nobles, therefore they attend to each various other in verse. However, also low-status personalities speak verse as soon as the topic is significant enough. The Apothecary speaks verse together he selling Romeo poison, and also the Nurse speak verse when she recounts Juliet’s childhood, through its omens the Juliet’s tragic fate.

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Prose in Romeo and Juliet commonly marks one of two people comic speech or the decided of low-status characters. The Nurse, Peter and the Musicians commonly speak in prose, since they space comic and also low-status characters. Mercutio and also Romeo greatly use verse, but they regularly use prose as soon as they are trading jokes. Prose can additionally mark reckless speech, and Mercutio periodically uses prose when he is being especially provocative. Benvolio starts Act Three, step one speaking in verse, because he is make the serious allude that it’s dangerous because that him and Mercutio to be in a place where “the Capels space abroad” (3.1.). Mercutio argues back in prose, which reflects us that he is being reckless. Together his encounter with Tybalt escalates, Mercutio switches between verse and also prose.