Red wine good, tea OK, power drinks bad, right? Well, together is so often the case, the prize isn"t constantly quite together black and white as we might think, together a collection of new studies reminds us. The studies, together with many others, to be presented in ~ the European society of Cardiology in Barcelona, Spain over the weekend.

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Red wine

Here"s the an excellent news abouy red wine: the protects against cariovascular disease. But here"s the rest of the story: it just works that way for world who exercise, follow to outcomes from the In Vino Veritas (IVV) examine presented at ESC congress by Professor Milos Taborsky indigenous the Czech Republic.

Evidence suggesting that mild come moderate usage of alcohol protects versus cardiovascular condition has to be accumulating since the at an early stage 1990s. In particular, retrospective studies have found that wine increases levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. However until currently there has actually been no long-term, prospective, randomized study comparing the results of red and white wine on HDL cholesterol and also other markers of atherosclerosis.

That"s what Prof. Taborsky and also associates collection out to test. The results: "We discovered that middle wine drinking was just protective in people who exercised. Red and also white wine produced the very same results."

The study included 146 human being with mild come moderate threat of cardiovascular disease according come the HeartScore. Participants were randomized come one year the moderate usage of red wine (Pinot Noir) or white alcohol (Chardonnay-Pinot) native the same year and wine an ar of the Czech Republic.

"The just positive and consistent result was in the subgroup that patients who took an ext exercise, which method regular practice at least twice a week, to add the alcohol consumption. ... There might be some synergy in between the low dose that ethyl alcohol in wine and exercise i m sorry is protective versus CVD."

Spot of tea then?

So how around tea matches coffee? drink tea reduces non-cardiovascular mortality by 24%, discover a study of 131,000 human being presented through Professor Nicolas Danchin native France.

"If you have to choose in between tea or coffee it"s probably far better to drink tea," Danchin. "Coffee and tea space important contents of our method of life. Their results on cardiovascular health have actually been investigated in the previous with occasionally divergent results. We investigated the results of coffee and also tea on CV mortality and also non-CV mortality in a large French population at low threat of cardiovascular diseases."

Tea had a more significant effect ~ above blood pressure than coffee, with a 4-5 mmHg decrease in SBP and also 3 mmHg to decrease in DBP in the heavy tea drinkers, contrasted to non-drinkers, when adjusted for age.

Coffee confirmed a trend for increasing CV mortality in the heavy compared to non-drinkers however the result was not significant. Coffee considerably increased non-CV mortality but the increased risk disappeared when the effect was adjusted for smoking. Danchin said: "The trend for greater mortality in coffee drinkers is most likely largely described by the fact that there are an ext smokers in the team who drink a most coffee."

He concluded: "Tea has actually antioxidants i m sorry may carry out survival benefits. Tea drinkers likewise have healthy lifestyles so does tea drinking reflect a certain person file or is that tea, every se, that enhances outcomes -- for me that continues to be an open question. Pending the prize to the question, i think the you could fairly honestly introduce tea drinking quite than coffee drinking and also even rather than no drinking anything at all."

Skip the energy drinks

But if the wine, tea and coffee group can find both encouraging and discouraging aspects in the recent research, that"s not the instance with energy drinks, which French Professor Milou-Daniel Drici identified as attention for many consumers.

"So-called "energy drinks" are renowned in run clubs and also during physics exercise, with people sometimes spend a variety of drinks one after the other. This situation can bring about a number of adverse problems including angina, cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and even sudden death," Drici said.

"Around 96% of these drink contain caffeine, through a typical 0.25 litre deserve to holding 2 espressos worth of caffeine. Caffeine is one of the most potent agonists of the ryanodine receptors and also leads come a massive release the calcium within cardiac cells," the said, presenting the results of a examine which discovered 95 instances of cardiovascular problems connected to energy drinks over a two-year duration in France.

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"We discovered that "caffeine syndrome" to be the most usual problem, developing in 60 people. It is characterised by a quick heart price (called tachycardia), tremor, anxiety and also headache," Drici said. "Rare however severe adverse events were likewise associated through these drinks, such together sudden or inexplicable death, arrhythmia and heart assault (myocardial infarction). Our literary works search evidenced that these conditions can be associated to usage of energy drinks."

Drici added: "The general public require to understand that so-called "energy drinks" have actually absolutely no place throughout or after physical exercise, as compared with other drinks design for that purpose. When provided in lengthy alcoholic cocktails, the caffeine in "energy drinks" permits young human being in dance clubs or in other places to get over the unwanted impacts of alcohol, leading to an even greater intake of caffeine."

The European culture of Cardiology (ESC) represents more than 80 000 cardiology professionals across Europe and the Mediterranean. That mission is to reduce the load of cardiovascular disease in Europe.