The main difference between middle ages and also renaissance is that renaissance was the duration of the an excellent revival the art, literature, and learning in Europe, marking the shift from medieval to the modern world.

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There space three classic divisions of western history: timeless antiquity, medieval period/middle ages, and the modern-day period. The center ages period began ~ the loss of the roman Empire. Renaissance is the period that adhered to the center ages. It is the bridge between the Middle periods and modern-day history. Renaissance experienced drastic alters and advancements in plenty of areas, such together cultural, social, economic, and political.

Key locations Covered

1. What is middle Ages  – Definition, Society, Art and also Architecture, Literature2. What is Renaissance – Definition, Art and Architecture, Literature3. What is the Difference in between Middle Ages and also Renaissance  – compare of vital Differences

Key Terms

Medieval Era, middle Ages, Renaissance


What is center Ages

Middles eras is additionally known as the medieval era. The middle eras of European background is in between the loss of the roman Empire and also the start of the Renaissance. This period lasted native the fifth to the so late 14th century. This is the middle duration of the traditional divisions of western history: classical antiquity, medieval period/middle ages, and the modern-day period. The medieval period itself has actually three divisions: early, high and late middle ages.

After the autumn of the roman inn empire, the Catholic Church became the most an effective institution of the period. In fact, the centre of middle ages life is the Church. Kings and queens that this period derived strength from the Church. The nobles and also the Church-owned most of the land and property. The solution of feudalism and also manorialism were popular throughout this era.

Medieval social Structure

There to be three unique classes in medieval society: lords, vassals, and also fiefs. The king (lord) owned every the land, and also he gave out parcels of land nobles (vassals) who would promise loyalty and also service come the king. The nobles, in turn, rented out their parcel of land come peasants (fiefs). However, prior to the king granted land come someone, he had to do that human being a vassal. This to be done at a commendation consciousness that had the two-part act of homage and oath of fealty. Throughout this, the king and vassal gone into into a contract – the vassal promised to fight for the king at his command, while the king i agree to defend the vassal from an exterior force.


Figure 1: Investiture of a Knight

Medieval Art and also Architecture

Medieval art and also architecture consist of numerous styles, including early on Christian and Byzantine, Anglo-Saxon and also Viking, Carolingian, Insular, Ottonian, Romanesque, and also Gothic. The art and also architecture largely centred approximately the Church. Sanctuaries were the largest structures in medieval towns. Moreover, middle ages art is an illustration that the passionate interest and idealistic expression that the Christian faith.


Figure 2: oriental Monumental Church Mosaics

Medieval Literature

Medieval literary works was additionally based top top religious. Death and resurrection, an excellent and evil, and also heaven and also Earth were recurrent Christian themes in works of literature. The password of chivalry and courtly love were additionally famous themes in medieval literature. Most of the at an early stage literature the the middle eras were likewise anonymous. Beowulf, Pearl Poet’s Pearl, Patience, Cleanness, and Sir Gawain and also the environment-friendly Knight, john Gower’s Confessio Amantis, Langland’s Piers Plowman, and also the functions of Geoffrey Chaucer including Canterbury tales are examples of medieval literature.

Most that the work-related used Christian themes such together death and also resurrection, good and evil, and heaven and also Earth. The code of chivalry and courtly love were likewise famous themes in medieval literature.

End of the middle Ages

Between 1347 and also 1350, the bubonic plague, which was then recognized as the “Black Death” killed thousands of people in Europe. 30% that Europe’s population died together a an outcome of this disease. Middle eras was a period significant by wars, famines, and also plagues. Hence, people likewise call that the “Dark Ages”.

During the 11th century, feudal life began to adjust with the advent of various agricultural innovations. Farming ended up being efficient and also productive and required just fewer farm. Consequently, more and more people moved to towns and cities. In the meantime, the campaigns had broadened trade paths to the East, and there was a substantial expansion in trade and commerce. By the 14th century, a brand-new era called the Renaissance to be born.

What is Renaissance

Renaissance the a duration in the background of Europe that complied with the medieval period. The Renaissance duration ranges from the 14th come the 17th century and is deemed the bridge between the Middle periods and modern history. This duration saw drastic transforms and breakthroughs in countless areas, such as cultural, social, economic, and political. The surname “Renaissance” comes from the French indigenous which has actually the meaning “rebirth”. Many human being at that verified an attention in classical learning, specifically the discovering of ancient Greece and also Rome. For these people, Renaissance was the moment of renewal after the disorder and devastation of the middle ages. During the Renaissance, over there were plenty of famous artists, writers, philosophers, and geniuses.

Renaissance began in Italy, yet it soon spread across the entirety of Europe. Italy is the birthplace of the Renaissance since it to be the center of ancient Rome and also Roman background and to be a very rich country at the moment with well-off patrons supporting many artists and geniuses.

Renaissance Art and Architecture

Renaissance was a golden age for the arts and architecture. Over there are many art and also architectural success that are still really famous today. Plenty of exceptional artists and also architects such as Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Sofonisba Anguissola, Filippo Brunelleschi, and also Artemisia Gentileschi, and also showed their uniqueness and also creativity.

Renaissance design focused on symmetry, geometry, proportion, and the regularity that parts, complying with the format of classic antiquity. Palazzo Farnese, The Sistine Chapel, Basilica of St. Peter, and El Escorial are instances of renaissance architecture. Mona Lisa and The last Supper through Da Vinci, The birth of Venus by Botticelli and The development of Adam by Michelangelo Buonarroti room some instances of renaissance paintings. Paints of this era regularly used unnatural shapes, linear perspective, and also depth perception.


Figure 3: inside of St Peter’s Basilica

Renaissance Literature

The development of the to press press resulted in the prosper of renaissance literature. Renaissance literary works was mainly influenced by the principles of Renaissance art, politics, and religion. That was also greatly affected by Greek and also Roman literature. Drama and poetry were the most renowned forms of renaissance literature.

The renaissance writers explored spiritual and social themes in their work; the religious themes were often explored v a completely different approach than the medieval writers—for example, john Milton’s Paradise Lost and Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus. Dante Alighieri, Giovanni Boccaccio, Miguel de Cervantes, Edmund Spenser, wilhelm Shakespeare, teacher Philip Sidney, Christopher Marlowe, john Donne and George Herbert room some notable figures in Renaissance literature.

Important discoveries during Renaissance

Renaissance provided birth to many brand-new ideas, cultures, religions, and ways the life. It helped people change the way that they observed themselves and also the world. Many people expressed your uniqueness and also creativity with art, technology, science, and writing. Moreover, there were many scientific discoveries, mathematical advances, and theorems. Items favor the to press press, guns, compasses, watches, and also telescopes were invented throughout this period. In enhancement to these, scientists and also doctors likewise discovered new information around the human body and brought about many changes in the ar of medicine.

Difference between Middle Ages and also Renaissance


Middle periods is the duration in European background from the loss of Roman realm the duration of the Renaissance while renaissance is the good revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe, noting the change from middle ages to the modern world.

Time Period

Middle eras lasted native the 5th to the 14th century if the renaissance period lasted indigenous the 14th come the 17th century.


During the center ages, the Church overcame the society; the church was can be fried to the state. In contrast, throughout the renaissance, the state was supreme to the church. Moreover, there were numerous reformations in the religion, and people started to carefully examine and critique religion.

Art and Architecture

Medieval art and architecture were mainly affected by religion, while renaissance arts and also architecture were affected by classic Greek and also Roman ideals. Middle ages art is identified by one-dimensional figures, absence of perspective, lack of chiaroscuro, usage of gold in figurines, etc. If renaissance art is defined by the usage of perspective, usage of chiaroscuro, secular themes, increased use that oil paints, and also depiction the real world in genuine settings.


Medieval literature was mostly based upon religion; works of literature were composed by hand; there was little political criticism. Renaissance literature was much more secular, vernacular, and also covered a range of subjects. Over there was likewise an rise in the use of the print press.


When contrasted to middle ages, during renaissance there to be drastic changes and breakthroughs in plenty of areas, such together cultural, social, economic, and political. As its surname suggests, that a duration of rebirth art, literature, and learning. Thus, this is the main difference in between middle ages and also renaissance.

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1. “Middle Ages.”, A&E tv Networks, 22 Apr. 2010, obtainable here. 2. “Overview of the Renaissance.” Anglefire, obtainable here. 3. “Renaissance.”, A&E television Networks, 4 Apr. 2018, available here.

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