A LESSON about MONEY (Not around Spending it!)

Content Areas: mathematics (Measurement, Estimation, Number Sense), U.S. History, Science

Grade Level: 6 - 10

Context: The proscope can be provided to examine everyday objects to explore their microscope properties. US money is relatively interesting to look at and contains a many information. Few of this info is clearly visible however some is indeed complicated to detect with the naked eye. The proscope facilitates finding out these micro objects.

You are watching: Back of the 5 dollar bill

Introduction: U.S. Money is design with many subtle "microprinted" objects to deter counterfeiting. This "micro print" patterns are shown here because that the One, Five, Ten, and also Twenty denominations. Some enhanced coins are likewise included, together well.

Research Questions: when was microprinting developed?___________________________________________

How does it minimize counterfeiting?_______________________________________________________________

Newer Ten disagreement bills have actually several interesting aspects:

First, look at the bottom left edge on the former of your ten dollar bill. At very first glance the "10" appears as if it has lines across it. In truth theses "lines" room rows of the word "ten" up and also down the 1 and also Zero.


Next, the "tens" likewise have a distinctive color and loop pattern on the front of the bill in the bottom right corner.


In addition, the tens also have a cable of "micro text" just over the name: Hamilton, published on the prior of the bill.


Proscope Activity: Using your proscope, check out if girlfriend can uncover each the these, and search for extr hidden print or objects.

The five Dollar bill also has some interesting hidden items:

First, examine the left and right borders on the front of the bill. Execute you an alert anything odd? shot examining this side boundaries with your ProScope to expose the adhering to repeated pattern.


Next, lot like the Ten dissension bill, the Five likewise has "micro text" printed close to Lincoln"s name.


Finally, take it a look in ~ the roof of the Lincoln Memorial top top the ago of the 5 Dollar bill.


Several state name are printed there.

Can girlfriend find all of them? How numerous are shown?_________________________________________

Why perform you think these room the states listed?_____________________________________________

There are two states noted with names the are different from their current names. List them

___________________________________ & ___________________________________________

Measurment activities: The columns ~ above the Lincoln Memorial space 13 meter tall. Making use of a $5 bill recognize the adhering to information.

How tall room the columns ~ above the actual bill?_________________________________________________

How high is the whole Memorial (on the bill)?________________________________________________

Convert this value and also determine the elevation of the entire Memorial in reality?_______________________

This worth is in meters, transform it to feet:____________________________________________________

We need to look summary at the One disagreement bill. There space not as considerable measures to protect against counterfeiting this bills however there are still some interesting things to look at.

Number feeling Activity: The base on the pyramid top top the reverse has an inscription of roman numerals top top it. What is this number and also what does the represent?



The eagle ~ above the back is stop arrows and an olive branch with a symbol above it"s head.

Each of these are related; the arrows, the olive branch, and also the symbol. What is the relationship? ________________________________________________________________________What go the variety of items in each collection mean?



Finally, try to research the Pyramid. Don"t research the eye but rather, how countless levels are shown in the base?


The Twenty disagreement bill has actually some interesting embedded objects as well, number of are clearly shows to the unaided eye.

First, the ago of the 20 has numerous small 20s (watermarks) scattered about the bill. Here are a few.


Also, exciting is the Blueish watermark band that runs follow me the former of the bill. At first glance, it shows up that the is a blue band v "Twenty USA, Twenty USA" running throughout the right side of the bill. The an initial sequence shows up as though it is a "3-D Block" pattern. Upon additional inspection a bit much more is revealed (shown here):


Finally, the Twenty dissension bill additionally holds a "micro text" imprint comparable to the Ten and also Five.

Try and find the (it"s in a bit various location than the other bills). Wherein is the located? ________________________

Here is what the looks like.


Other intersting money revelations:

Notice Lincoln sit at the Lincoln Memorial ~ above a penny.


Measurement Activity: It"s sort of difficult to measure the penny effectively. However, we have the right to use the following and also the image above to estimate around how tall Lincoln"s statue is. Recall that the columns space 13 meter tall. Usage this come estimate just how countless meters high the statue of Lincoln sitting at the Memorial yes, really is: (Realize that in the genuine memorial Lincoln is set further earlier "inside" the building.

Estimated Answer: ___________________________________________

Research: find out how tall the statue yes, really is as soon as you have estimated it:_________________________

Just because that fun: The odd relenten of one eagle landing on Earth"s Moon through the earth in the elevator on the earlier of the Susan B. Anthony dissension coin. I uncover this odd because the Susan B to be issued in 1979, ten year after the an initial moon landing.


Interesting historical facts connected with bills & coins:

Susan B. Anthony Coin: United states coins are made by the United claims Mint, a federal agency of the room of the Treasury. The mint makes five coins for basic circulation-the penny, nickel, dime, quarter, and half-dollar-and every one is engraved through the profile of a president. In between 1979 and also 1981, the mint likewise made a one-dollar coin for basic circulation, designed with the file of women"s rights activist Susan B. Anthony, who functioned hard to develop Women suffrage.

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The Lincoln Memorial: The outside of the building features a collection of 36 columns that stand for the claims in the Union once Lincoln died in 1865. Each shaft is 13 m high and inscribed with the surname of a state. Over these 36 columns space the surname of the 48 states of the Union once the memorial was built. The 5 Dollar bill represents the front check out of the memorial hence the restricted number that state names.

Other amazing historical facts can be uncovered by researching U.S. Currency (Internet, your money, other sources). Finish the following table v those facts and also compare your outcomes to what other people found. One excel table is located to aid with space constraints. (MP?) = "does it incorporate microprinting?" The quarter Dollar is done because that you. Hint: some answers space on this page.

money Date presented Revisions and Improvements Special features (MP?) important Features top top the former important Features ~ above the back




Quarter dollar

Half dollar

Full dissension Coin

Susan B. Anthony dollar Coin

Sacajawea gold Dollar Coin

$1 bill

$2 invoice

$5 bill

$10 invoice

$20 invoice

$50 bill

$100 invoice

in 1976 commemorated the us Bicentennial. Recent transforms are listed to the ideal No MP, yet newer coins showcase the states Remained virtually the same since arrival with Washington"s Head and also the Eagle Newer quarter Dollar Coins depict each of the joined States

Suggestions for various other explorations:

Examine file currency for additional security steps (interwoven fibers, magnetic strips, etc...) If possible, examine currency from other nations to view if they also incoporate micro objects. Or, it mine be helpful to discover how U.S. Currency is evolving with concepts from money in other nations. These revisions room the offset portraits of encounters on the bills, the usage of color, watermarking, magnetic strips, etc...