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Punctuation has actually a way of including emphasis and cadence to our created sentences. Still, countless people, from aboriginal English speaker to world learning English as a international language, aren’t constantly sure when and also where to use punctuation marks.

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If you find punctuation confusing, rest assured you’re no the just one. Plenty of people, even native English speakers, have actually trouble once it comes to using the right punctuation marks. The an excellent news is that the 14 various punctuation marks aren’t together confusing together you’d think as soon as you rest them every down. If you want to understand your writing, even if it is it’s for an essay or also a bestselling novel, it’s crucial to understand just how to usage each punctuation mark.

So, what space the 14 dot marks and how must you use them? let’s dive right into it.

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Exclamation allude (!)


An exclamation suggest or exclamation mark is also used at the finish of a sentence once that sentence expresses an intense emotion. The expression can be a variety of things, indigenous excitement, disgust, anger, joy, or noþeles else. Exclamation points space meant to add emphasis to a sentence.


Here’s just how to usage one in a sentence:


“Look the end behind you!” she yelled.I’m for this reason excited to walk to the park tomorrow!

Comma (,)


Commas are used to insert a pause into a sentence. The purpose of the pause can be for various reasons, such regarding separate ideas, phrases, or even transform the structure of a sentence.

Commas have a few different uses. Commas are offered for a direct address, together as:


Joe, it to be nice to view you again.


They’re also used to different two complete sentences:


He visited the library, and also then that went the end for lunch.


Commas can additionally be used to perform items in a sentence:


She went shopping and bought shoes, a dress, two shirts, and also a pair the pants.


Commas are one of the many misused punctuation points, and its misuse regularly results in a comma splice. A comma splice is once you sign up with two independent clauses through a comma rather of a conjunction. For example:


It’s virtually time for dinner, I’m not hungry.Instead of using a comma, the sentence must read:It’s nearly time for dinner and also I’m not hungry.


Oxford commas are often questioned within academics and the English language, and also using one regularly comes under to preference. An Oxford comma is as soon as a last comma is inserted on the last item that a list. For example:


He likes to eat fruits, cake, vegetables, and also pasta.

Colon (:)


A colon has actually three primary uses. One way to use it is when introducing something, such as a quote, one example, a series, or an explanation.


She took four classes critical semester: history, biology, arts, and economics.


A colon can likewise be provided to attach two independent rule if the second clause clarifies or completes the first one. Because that example:


They didn’t have actually time to waste: that was already late.Finally, a colon can additionally emphasize a topic in a sentence:I just hate one vegetable: brussel sprouts.

Semicolon (;)


Similar to a colon, a semicolon links two live independence clauses. However, in this case, the rule are much more closely associated than when you would use a colon. Because that example:


I have actually a meeting tomorrow morning; ns can’t go the end tonight.


Both clauses space independent enough to it is in their own sentences, however instead of utilizing a period, it’s feasible to use a semicolon to display both clauses space connected.


Another less common use because that semicolons is in ~ a perform that supplies commas. Have actually a look:


Last summer us traveled come London, England; Paris, France; Rome, Italy; and Athens, Greece.

Dash (-)


There are two varieties of dashes that differ in size and also use.


En dash: Typically much shorter in length, the en dash is used to represent a range, together as between numbers or dates. Because that example:


The agency was operational native 1990-2000.He took the Chicago-New York train last night.Em dash: this dash is longer, and also is periodically used rather of various other punctuation marks, prefer commas, colons, or parentheses. This is an example:Her answer to be clear — Yes!

Hyphen (-)

Not come be perplexed with a dash, a hyphen is used in compound words when two or much more words room connected. Right here are some instances of hyphen words:



Brackets (< >)


Brackets are used to clarify something or for technical terms or explanations. The can also be provided to clear up a subject when quoting another person or text. Because that example:


She agrees that cats are far better than dogs.Adam stated that “ is my favorite time of year.”

Braces ( )


It’s unlikely you’ll should use braces an extremely often unless you’re creating a mathematics or technological text. However, the still great to recognize so you nothing accidentally usage them rather of base or parentheses. Braces space usually provided in operations, for example:



Parentheses (( ))


Parentheses are provided to supply further details or information or as an aside. Clip can often be replaced with commas and also the sentence would retain its same meaning. Here’s an example:


Kate (who is Matt’s wife) likes to walk for walks.

Apostrophe (‘)


Apostrophes are meant to present that a letter or letters have actually been omitted and also to suggest the own or contractions. That can likewise be used to pluralize lowercase letters. Right here are part examples:


I’ve been working from residence for 6 months and it’s great.Rebecca’s dog had surgery yesterday.All it is left to do is dot the i’s and cross the t’s.

Quotation point out (“)


Quotation marks are used to represent text, speech, or words talked by someone else. It is likewise used to suggest dialogue.


“I don’t favor this,” stated Mark.She called him that she “prefers no to think around that.”Single quotation marks (‘ ’), not to be confused with apostrophes, are frequently used for a quote within a quote.Jill told her mommy “Jack ran increase the hill and also he said he was going to ‘fetch a pail that water’ before he fell.”

Ellipsis (…)


An ellipsis is 3 periods supplied together to represent an omission of words or letters. Castle are frequently used to jump from one sentence or expression to another while omitting unnecessary or noticeable words. It’s also used once quoting someone and unnecessary words space left out.


Here space some examples:


At midnight, she started to counting down: “ten, nine, eight…” and also then the sphere dropped.When young name Luther King stated “I have actually a dream…” he to be talking about civil rights and also an finish to racism.

To wrap Up


Now the you’ve learned much more about what room the 14 punctuation marks and you’re able to use them, you’ll be a lot stronger as whole writer. If you’re a student who demands some extra assist with grammar or punctuation, you can constantly find help through her school.

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