the scientific study the interactions amongst organisms and also between organisms and their atmosphere or surroundings.

You are watching: A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms

biospherecontains the linked portions of the earth in which all of life exists, consisting of land, water, and air or atmosphere.
speciesa team of organisms so comparable to one another that they can breed and also produce productive offspring.
populationgroups of individuals that belong to the same types and live in the exact same area.
communityassemblages of various populations the live together in a defined area.
ecosystema arsenal of all the organisms the live in a certain place, in addition to their nonliving, or physical environment.
biomea group of ecosystems that have actually the exact same climate and comparable dominant communities.
autotrophorganisms that can record energy from sunshine or chemicals and use that power to produce food.
producerorganisms that make their very own food.
photosynthesisthe process by i m sorry plants and also some other organisms usage light energy to power chemical reaction that convert water and carbon dioxide right into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such together sugars and also starches.
chemosynthesisa process by which some organisms usage chemical power to produce carbohydrates.
heterotrophan organism the obtains power from the foods it consumes; additionally called a consumer.
consumeran biology that relies on other organisms for its energy and food supply.
herbivorean organism the obtains energy from eating just plants.
carnivorean organism the obtains power from eating just animals.
omnivorean organism the obtains energy from eat both plants and also animals.
detritivorean organism the feeds ~ above plant and also animal remains and also other dead matter.
decomposeran biology that breaks down and obtains power from dead necessary matter.
food chaina collection of measures in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer power by eating and also being eaten.
food weba network of complicated interactions created by the feeding relationships amongst the assorted organisms in one ecosystem.
trophic levela action in a food chain or food web.
ecological pyramida chart that mirrors the relative amounts of power or issue within each trophic level in a food chain or food web.
biomassthe total amount that living organization within a offered trophic level.
biogeochemical cyclea procedure in i beg your pardon elements, chemistry compounds, and also other develops of matter are passed native one biology to another and from one component of the biosphere to another.
evaporationthe process by which water transforms from a liquid to one atmospheric gas.
transpirationthe lose of water indigenous a plant v its leaves.
nutrienta chemistry substance that an organism calls for to live.
nitrogen fixationthe procedure of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia.
denitrificationthe counter of nitrates right into nitrogen gas.
primary productivitythe rate at which organic issue is created by producer in an ecosystem.
limiting nutrienta single nutrient the either is scarce or cycles really slowly, limiting the growth of a population in an ecosystem.

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algal blooman prompt increase in the amount of algae and also other producer that results from a big input of a limiting nutrient.